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Mosul Journal of Nursing is an international, peer reviewed,open access scientific journal that seeks to promote the development and exchange of knowledge that is directly relevant to all spheres of nursing practice. Journal content includes clinical topics, integrative or systematic literature reviews, research, and practice improvement initiatives that provide nurses globally with implications for translation of new knowledge into practice. The journal welcomes studies that aim to evaluate and understand complex health care interventions and health policies and which employ the most rigorous...
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Journal Information

Publisher: College of Nursing,University of Mosul

Email:  prof.dr.radhwan@uomosul.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: PROF. DR. RADHWAN HUSSIEN IBRAHIM

Print ISSN: 2311-8784

Online ISSN: 2663-0311

Effect of cochlear implants in chidren on parental mental health in Mousl city

Ahmed Abdulla Aziz Alsamady

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 60-71
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162876

Cochlear implant is one of the treatments for deafness.      
child cochlear, purpsive sample their children have (CI) from hearing and speech rehabilitation centers in Mousl city. During  a peroid 10 january 2018  to 28 february 2019. The instrument depended in the study was  28-GHQ self- administered technique . The GHQ-28 is divided into four categories: somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and depression.
This questionnaire includes information about the operated child such as gender, age, date of birth, and also information about the parents, such as their age, job and family background
.Data were analyzed in several steps. First descriptive statistics, which include frequency
and percentages. The second step, which include inferential statistics Chi-Square test) ,the probability level depend in the present study  was p<0.05
the study concluded Mother and father were affected by psychological symptoms.
the study recommended Preparing a comprehensive extension program that is suitable for the size of the problem experienced by parents and families through psychological, social and financial support programs, participation of specialists and professionals, families of children with hearing. disabilities, and the development of suitable solutions for themdeveloping a child's language helps parents get rid of their anxiety, Provide advanced rehabilitation centers within the governorate and be more than a center rehabilitation and training of staff  working in the centers of rehabilitation,  Make the parents communicate fully with the manufacturers of the cochlear and make the center of the company in each province, providing the spare tools for planting Working on the opening of specialized centers for cochlear implantation to reduce cost.

Spatial and spatial analysis of the distribution of scools in the centerof Nineveh province

shaymaa Riyadh alnime; Radhwan Hussein Ibrahim

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 72-90
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.162888

The study examined the statistical analysis of educational services in Mosul city. The importance of this study is that it dealt with most important aspect of the society in which the process of progress and prosperity of education. The study relied on analytical descriptive method in analyzing the data collected from the concerned authorities e.g. Nineveh Directorate of Education by using the SPSS and GPS maps for the purpose of providing a good image of the distribution of a better place that may help decision-makers to find appropriate steps to develop the educational services. The study found that the percentage of male schools did not reach the percentage of female schools. The study also found that the number of schools in the right side of Mosul city is not proportional to the percentage of students numbers, and the percentage of teachers numbers are not suitable with the number of pupils, in contrast with the schools in the left side, which all these ratios are almost appropriate with the reality. The study recommended the need for attention by the concerned authorities to study the trends of population growth by selecting the best locations for new schools and the need to create a database for each educational institution and presented on the web pages of all schools and directorates of education.

Assessment of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Akre Teaching Hospitals

Mohanned Khaleel Abdullah; Zikri Mahmood Mirza; Shevan Younis Othman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 19-29
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160079

Background and Aim: The phenomenon of Job Stress remains a reality that touches on different areas of work with inequality. Sources and levels of pressure from one field to another, particularly affecting the humanitarian field as it has proved. Many studies compare careers, under the study of job stress in particular the fields of teaching and nursing as they involve a number of tasks and responsibilities relationships.The study aimed to identify the relationship between job stress and nurses’ demographical characteristics.
Materials and Method: Aquantives descriptive study was applied study to determine job stress for nurses in Akre teaching hospitals in Dohuk city. About 75 nurses participants from two hospitals, Gulan General Teaching Hospital and from Akre General Emergency Teaching Hospital were chosen randomly. A questionnaire is constructed by researchers is divided into two sections, the 1st section is the demographical characteristics of nurses and the 2nd section consists of 23 items about job stress.
Results: The study shows that high percentage of the study population where less than 30 years old and most of them married and male the findings show that 61.3% of nurses where graduated from medical instituted. the study revealed that 61.3% of the sample had less than seven years of experience. The finding displayed that there is a significant difference between job stress among nurs’s age, years experience, Position, Marital status and Salary, While there is no significant difference in relation to Education levels ,Setting, Gender and Hospital..
Conclusion: The results revealed that the young, single and new employed with low salaries nurses suffer from job stress more than the older, married, wide experienced senior nurses. And all the sample have follow almost the same curriculum and instructions to deal with stress in the hospitals.
Recommendations: The researchers reommnded for improving the working conditions of workers in sectors of a humanitarian nature, including a sector education and nursing sector so that their employees can provide better services .

Quality of Life of Diabetic Patients Type -2- in Urban and Rural Areas in Kirkuk City (Comparative Study

Abid Salih Kumait

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 38-45
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2014.162927

Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus has become representing one of the most challenging public
health problems of the 21st century. It is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood glucose levels
(hyperglycemia) which may arise from defects in the secretion of insulin, defects in insulin action, or both.
Diabetic patients suffering from worse quality of life in rural and urban area. Aims of the study were to
assess quality of life Type-2- of diabetic patients in rural and urban area , to identify the relationship
between some characteristics of diabetic patients and quality of life and comparison of quality of life of
diabetic patients between urban and rural area in Kirkuk city.
Material and Method: The non- experimental approach and descriptive design was used in this study . The
study was conducted at Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk city and Al-Hawija General Hospital at Al-
Hawija district during the period from 15th November 2012 to the 20th of June 2013 .Purposive sample
consists of (110) clients from urban area who visited Azadi Teaching Hospital and (110) clients from rural
area who visited Al-Hawija General Hospital . In order to collect the study information, a questionnaire was
constructed depending on the criteria of World Health Organization scale (WHO ) format that modified by
researcher and related literature. It composed of two parts , part one included ( 5 ) items which focused on
the client demographic characteristics such as (age, gender, marital status, residence , occupation , level of
education .Diabetes Mellitus Quality of life questionnaire is the instrument that consists of (5) domains. The
domains are Independence , daily physical activities , Psycho-social , beliefs , environmental and
circumstances. The overall questions includes (80 ) items. The questions were rated on (3) point- likert
scale. The score ranges between (0-240), never ( 1), sometimes (2), always (3).content validity was
determined by presenting the questionnaire to a panel of (10 ) experts.
Results: The data analysis shows that most of the type -2- diabetic patients were male in urban and rural
area and constituted (75.3% ) and ( 61.8 % ) respectively . In relation to the age , high percentage of the
sample were between age (55-64 ) years in urban and rural area and constituted (32.7% ) and (34.5 % )
respectively .Also the data analysis showed that there is a significant statistical association between health
related quality of life (HRQoL) items that are related to independency, daily physical activities, psychosocial
aspects ,beliefs and environmental circumstances. Also the study concluded that health problems of
diabetic patients related to quality of life differs in sub domains have mild effects on the quality of life of
patients with diabetic in rural than urban area .
Conclusions: The socio demographic characteristic of quality of life of type 2- diabetic clients (age,
gender, marital status, level of education, jobs ) are different in effects on independency, daily physical
activities, psycho-social aspects, beliefs and environment Quality of life of diabetic patients type -2- more
impact in rural than urban area.
Key words: Quality of Life, Diabetic Patients Type -2-, Urban, Rural

Awareness of health care staff regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals

Darya Yaseen Mustafa; Dhiaa Alrahman H. Abdullah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160083

Background: pregnant women may need medication to manage some of problems occurring during pregnancy. Some of medication considered safe and other unsafe, medical and nursing staff should aware of safe and unsafe medication to prevent further damage to the pregnant women.
Objectives: to assess healthcare worker awareness regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals.
Methodology: A quantitative design using descriptive study was carried out at Kirkuk city hospitals from 1st of October, 9117, up to the 1st of October, 9112. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (28) staff working in maternity units was used. A constructed questionnaire was used for the purpose of the study which consisted of two parts: the demographic data of the sample, and the awareness of healthcare worker regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy. The data were collected through the use of self-administration techniques they were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical data analysis.
Results: The findings of the study indicated that (81.06) of the samples were working in Kirkuk general hospital, (00.26) were between age group (91-92 years), (076) of the sample were nurses, (03.06) of them were having 1-0 years of experience, and (02.16) do not training in medication session.
Conclusions: most healthcare worker unaware of indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy.

Nurses’ Knowledge about Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation in Mosul City

Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed; Nasir Mufaq Youns; Ahmed Ali Hussein

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 49-53
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160051

Background and Objectives: Resuscitation in hospitals and health care facilities, refers to prompt actions aimed to prevent death and providing the best possible chances for human survival. The study aims to assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to identify the relationship between nurses' knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation and some demographic variables (age, gender, educational level, work place and years of experience).
Material and method: A descriptive study design was adapted to assess the knowledge of the nurses regarding CPR. The sample of the study consist of (122) nurses, (26) female, and (96) male who works in Iben-Sena and Al-Zahrawe teaching hospitals in Mosul City. The sample of the study was selected in the simple random method. Data were collected by using a questionnaire throughout an interview technique. The questionnaire consists of two parts, Part one consists of (5 items) includes some demographic data including age, gender, educational level, work place and previous experience. Part two consists of (23 items) include questions that assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Data were analyzed and calculated by using SPSS program.
Results: The nurses' knowledge score regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation record low, (27.942%), and standard deviation (0.609).
Conclusion: The present study reveals that the nurses have poor knowledge regarding the CPR techniques and there are no significant difference between nurses' knowledge about cardio pulmonary resuscitation with demographic characteristics except work place and gender.

Quality of life for Internally Displaced Teenagers in Rania City

Sana'a Hassan Abdulsahib; Blend B Ameen; Mahmmod A Mahmmod

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 20-28
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162122

Aims of the study: To determine the quality of
life domains and the level of quality of life for
internally displaced teenage students in Rania
city. And to find out the relationship between
the quality life domains and some of their
sociodemographic characteristics of the sample
such as age, level of education of students, and
family income.
Methodology:
Methodology: A descriptive study, using the
assessment approach was conducted on
Internally Displaced teenage students from the
2
nd of August 2015 to the 3rd of February
2016. To achieve the objectives of the study,
non-probability sample of (165) students
selected for the study. A questionnaire was
adapted from the world health organization
quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), a
questionnaire
(1), for the purpose of the study.
The WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire contains
two items from the overall quality of life and
general Health with (24) items of satisfaction
that divided into four domains: Physical health,
psychological health, social relationships, and
environmental health. Each item is rated on a
5-point Likert scale. Each item of the
WHOQOL-BREF scored from 1 to 5 on a
response scale. A pilot study was carried out
on (10) students for the study questionnaire's
reliability through the use of stability (testretest method). A panel of (5) experts was
involved in the determination of the
questionnaire's content validity. Data were
analyzed through the application of the
descriptive statistical data analysis approach
(frequency, percentage, mean of scores) and
inferential statistical data analysis approach




(Pearson
square).

correlation
coefficient
and
chi



Result: The study indicated that the majority
of the students are aged between (14-16) years
old, (77%) of family are nuclear. Concerning
the students' educational level (39.4%), of
them was in 3
rd class in secondary school. Also
the study shows (42.4%), of family income are
sufficient, and the majority of the samples
were displaced from Al-Anbar province
(87.3%). Regarding receiving help from the
Iraqi government, the majority of them did not
receive help from the Iraqi government. The
findings of the study indicated that quality of
life was affected by physical, and
environmental domain. Age, level of education
of students, and family income had significant
relationship with quality of life domains.
Conclusion: The quality of life of female
teenagers displaced persons affected by their
displaced, especially (environmental domain,
physical domain, and
psychological domain).



Utilization of Antenatal Care in Primary Health Centers in Mosul City

Thanoon Mohammed Thanoon

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 103-108
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160028

Background and aim: most women enter pregnancy period in apparent good health and achieve a normal pregnancy, and birth without complications. For a few women, however, suffer in the course of the pregnancy for reasons that are usually unclear antenatal care aims at preventing complications. The study aims to utilize health care services for pregnant women in primary health centers.
Materials and method: a cross sectional study was conducted and adopted in Al - Quds and Al – Hadbaa' primary health care centers, the data started to be gathered from 1st of September 2010 - 10th March 2011. To achieve the adjectives of the study, Accidently sample consist from (400) pregnant women were selected, the data were collected through using constructed checklistwhich consist from four parts ,the first is dealing with the pregnant information registration that include (5 item) , the second part is related to laboratory test which consist of (12 item), while the third part is about health education which include (13 items) and finally the last part is dealing with high risk problem that consist of (8 items). The validity and reliability test was done to ensure the consistency of study tool which the correlation coefficient is (86.4) with standard deviation about ( 0.43).
Results: the results of the study indicated the health services that introduce to pregnant women who attending to primary health care centers is applied in these centers ,the implementation of chart is highly performance with some variance of some result that related to investigation property and availability, finally the differences between two centers show significance by the health education in dealing with risk factor.
Conclusion: the present study concluded that there is a good implementing almost all aspects of the pregnant women health services management.
Recommendation: the researcher can conclude that the utilization of the pregnant women chart and application in strict way had the high impact on preventing pre and antenatal problem in pregnancy and training practice on it.

Assessment of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Akre Teaching Hospitals

Mohanned Khaleel Abdullah; Zikri Mahmood Mirza; Shevan Younis Othman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 19-29
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160079

Background and Aim: The phenomenon of Job Stress remains a reality that touches on different areas of work with inequality. Sources and levels of pressure from one field to another, particularly affecting the humanitarian field as it has proved. Many studies compare careers, under the study of job stress in particular the fields of teaching and nursing as they involve a number of tasks and responsibilities relationships.The study aimed to identify the relationship between job stress and nurses’ demographical characteristics.
Materials and Method: Aquantives descriptive study was applied study to determine job stress for nurses in Akre teaching hospitals in Dohuk city. About 75 nurses participants from two hospitals, Gulan General Teaching Hospital and from Akre General Emergency Teaching Hospital were chosen randomly. A questionnaire is constructed by researchers is divided into two sections, the 1st section is the demographical characteristics of nurses and the 2nd section consists of 23 items about job stress.
Results: The study shows that high percentage of the study population where less than 30 years old and most of them married and male the findings show that 61.3% of nurses where graduated from medical instituted. the study revealed that 61.3% of the sample had less than seven years of experience. The finding displayed that there is a significant difference between job stress among nurs’s age, years experience, Position, Marital status and Salary, While there is no significant difference in relation to Education levels ,Setting, Gender and Hospital..
Conclusion: The results revealed that the young, single and new employed with low salaries nurses suffer from job stress more than the older, married, wide experienced senior nurses. And all the sample have follow almost the same curriculum and instructions to deal with stress in the hospitals.
Recommendations: The researchers reommnded for improving the working conditions of workers in sectors of a humanitarian nature, including a sector education and nursing sector so that their employees can provide better services .

Effectiveness of an Education Program on Nurses knowledge concerning in Nursing Management for patients with Third degree and bundle branch block in Kirkuk Teaching Hospitals

Abid Salih Kumait AL-Jumaily MSc adult nursing; Khalidah Mohammed Khudur

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 7-19
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160084

Background and Objectives: Heart block is a disease or acquired condition that causes a fault within the heart's natural pacemaker due to some kind of obstruction (or "block") in the electrical conduction system of the heart.Nurses play an important role in maintaining the health and well-being of patients. Aims of the study was to assess the effectiveness of nursing education program on nursing knowledge concerning in nursing management toward third degree and bundle branch block in Kirkuk's teaching hospitals and to identifying the relationship between the nurses' knowledge and their demographic characteristics such as ( age ,gender and education level)
Material and Method :A descriptive study design (quasi experimental study )was carried out at Azadi teaching hospital and Kirkuk general hospital in Kirkuk city for nursing staff who worked at CCU ,RCU unit , emergency unit and internal medicine unit ,from February up to May, 8102. A non – probability (purposive) sample was selected and composed of (21) Nurses (male and female) .Nurses was divided into two groups, study group consisted of (01) nurses exposed to the nursing educational program and control group consisted of (01) nurses were not exposed to the program from Azadi Teaching Hospital and Kirkuk General Hospital in Kirkuk city. The program and instruments were constructed by the researcher for the purpose of the study .The questionnaire was constructed for the purpose of the study which consisted of three parts: the first part include the demographic data (5 ) items (age, gender,residencr , Educational achievement and marital status.The second about training in cardiac care (8) items ( work place and name of training in cardiac care . The third part consist from (02 ) items of general knowledge toward management of third degree of heart block and bundle branch block of heart block. The (SPSS) ver. (8821) was used for data analysis. Mean, SD, and ANCOVA test, compare means were used to analyze the collected data. Level of significance was the threshold at p<1215
Results: There were 01 nurses included in the study. Relative to "Gender" 82(55255) from sample were female are more illustrated, since, also the study shows the high percent of nursese were at age between (81-23 years) and constitute 25(25255) and most of "Age Groups", are focused at the first two groups since .(5825% ) .Also the results shows (%5215) were female. With regard toresidence 82(51215) were living in urban areas, The study findings indicated that there were highly significant differences between pre and post tests in the study group in overall main domains related to nurses' knowldg abou management of third degree heart block and bundle branch block
Conclusion: The study concluded that the effectiveness of educational program regarding nurses' nurses' knowldg abou management of third degree heart block and bundle branch block .

Awareness of health care staff regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals

Darya Yaseen Mustafa; Dhiaa Alrahman H. Abdullah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160083

Background: pregnant women may need medication to manage some of problems occurring during pregnancy. Some of medication considered safe and other unsafe, medical and nursing staff should aware of safe and unsafe medication to prevent further damage to the pregnant women.
Objectives: to assess healthcare worker awareness regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals.
Methodology: A quantitative design using descriptive study was carried out at Kirkuk city hospitals from 1st of October, 9117, up to the 1st of October, 9112. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (28) staff working in maternity units was used. A constructed questionnaire was used for the purpose of the study which consisted of two parts: the demographic data of the sample, and the awareness of healthcare worker regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy. The data were collected through the use of self-administration techniques they were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical data analysis.
Results: The findings of the study indicated that (81.06) of the samples were working in Kirkuk general hospital, (00.26) were between age group (91-92 years), (076) of the sample were nurses, (03.06) of them were having 1-0 years of experience, and (02.16) do not training in medication session.
Conclusions: most healthcare worker unaware of indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy.

Evaluation of Socio-Economic Factors Related to Helicobacter Pylori Infection in Duhok City

Mohammed Haydar Musa; Jihan Noori Hussein

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 20-25
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2016.160032

Background and aim: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) are found in half the population of the world. Its prevalence is highly variable in relation to geography, ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic factors-high in developing countries and lower in the developed world. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among patients in Duhok, and to identify factors associated with of Helicobacter pylori among patients in Duhok.
Materials and method: A cross-sectional study was carried out throughout the present study among patients who attending to Duhok gastroenterology and hepatology center. The study included (80) samples of nurses for the period from 10th January to 5th December 2015.The study revealed that there were significant statistical results related to income, residency, water source and blood group to be considered as a risk factor of H. pylori infection.
Results: The study revealed that there were no significant statistical results related to age to be considered as a risk factor at (p<0.05). Among the 80 patients who completed data, the highest positive result was found in the age group of 20-30 years (68.18.7%) while the highest negative result was found in the age group of 50-60yr (42.86%).
Conclusion: There were significant difference between H. pylori infection and some variables like (age, sex, married status, level of education and smoking and coffee consumption and years of experience).