Official Journal of the College of Nursing, University of Mosul

Welcome to the Mosul Journal of Nursing (MJN), your access to the latest research and insights in nursing and midwifery. MJN is an international, semiannual, peer-reviewed, open-access scientific journal committed to advancing nursing practice, policy, and research. Our mission is to promote the development and exchange of knowledge relevant to healthcare, empowering nurses and midwives worldwide.

MJN publishes various articles covering various topics, including research papers, reviews, letters, and guest-edited thematic issues.

  • Nursing and Midwifery practice.
  • Education and professional development.
  • Research methodology and evidence-based practice.
  • New roles and innovations in healthcare.
  • Systematic reviews and case studies.
  • Ethical and professional issues in nursing.
  • Healthcare management and sustainability.

We take pride in producing high-quality papers and ensuring their accessibility to researchers, practitioners, and policymakers worldwide. Authors who publish with MJN can expect our unwavering dedication to transparency, ethical standards, and editorial excellence.

Join us in shaping the future of nursing and midwifery. Explore our latest publications, submit your work, and become part of our vibrant community dedicated to advancing healthcare practice and knowledge.

Editor-in-chief Word
Embracing the Future of Nursing: A Call for Collaboration and Innovation

Radhwan Hussein Ibrahim

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 1-1

  Dear Readers, As we look ahead to the future of healthcare, it becomes increasingly evident that the demand for nursing professionals will continue to grow significantly. The global healthcare landscape is evolving rapidly, with technological advancements, an aging population, and complex healthcare ...  Read More ...

Public Titles
Empowering Healthcare: WHO / EMRO Impact on Advancing Nursing Practices in Iraq

Naeema Al-Gasseer

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 2-5

  This article explores the pivotal role played by the Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office of the World Health Organisation (WHO / EMRO) in addressing Iraq's complex healthcare challenges, explicitly focussing on the nursing sector. Iraq, marked by decades of conflict and political instability, struggles ...  Read More ...

Establishing Evidence-Based Practices in Settings with Limited Resources: Case Studies of Achievements

Salem Al Touby; Elaine Larson; Samar Noureddine; Roa Altaweli; Elham Al Nagshabandi; Nagla Abdel El Seesy; Nesreen Fathy; Fadma Abubakar; Radhwan Hussein Ibrahim

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 6-12

  Background: Health and midwifery education should focus on developing a solid basis of evidence-based methods, and optimal care practices adapted to the needs of different regions and cultures to improve the quality and scope of health care.Objectives: To illustrate success by establishing evidence-based ...  Read More ...

Review Articles
Exploring the Vital Role of Palliative Care Education and Training in Liberia and Indonesia: A Comprehensive Review of Literature

Moses Tende Stephens; Erna Rochmawati

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 13-29

  Background: The pressing need for improved palliative care education is starkly evident in countries like Liberia and Indonesia. Here, healthcare professionals are grappling with a lack of access to essential resources for their professional development. This review is thus crucial in its objective to ...  Read More ...

Review Articles
Exploring Anxiety Level among Nurses During COVID-Pandemic. A Systematic Review

Sandeep Poddar; Issa Hwedi Alkhamaiseh

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 30-49

  Background: This systematic review explores fear and anxiety levels among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic, alongside other mental health dimensions.Methods: A total of 18 selected studies were analyzed, focusing on tools like the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19) and the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress ...  Read More ...

Review Articles
Synthesizing Critical Thinking Proficiency in Nursing Education: A Systematic Review

Phatcharapon Tulyaku; Mona Gamal Mohamed; Ramya Kundayi Ravi; Priya Baby

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 50-61

  Objectives: This systematic review aimed to thoroughly examine the literature on developing critical thinking (CT) skills in nursing education. The review aimed to identify and summarize the components and definitions of CT as perceived by nursing educators, explore the various factors that influence ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
The Impact of Covid-19 Outbreaks on Adherence to Hand Hygiene in A Medical Teaching Hospital: A Case of Iran

Mahlagha Dehghan; Mahboobeh Maazallahi; Maryam Jabarpour; Jaffar Abbas

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 62-71

  Background: The new coronavirus is the cause of the COVID-19 pandemic, which began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Given its rapid transmission and high prevalence, hand hygiene and personal protective equipment in health centers are some of the recommended interventions to prevent the spread of this ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Self-Efficacy and its Correlations Among Patients on Hemodialysis:A Cross-Sectional study

Mahboobeh Maazallahi; Mojgan Taebi; Abbass Hafezieh; Mahlagha Dehghan

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 72-83

  Background and Purpose: Promoting self-efficacy levels in hemodialysis patients is an effective method for improving their self-care and rehabilitation. Therefore, better estimating the factors that affect self-efficacy can help nurses find an appropriate method to promote self-efficacy. This study aimed ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Assessing Pregnant Women's Readiness for Pregnancy-Healthy Nutrition: A Trans-theoretical Model Approach

Rafah Abdulsalam; Yosra Hasni

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 84-91

  Background: Pregnant women undergo significant physiological changes, requiring careful nutrition and lifestyle attention. This study explores the readiness of primiparous women to adhere to healthy nutrition during pregnancy, utilizing the Trans-Theoretical Model of Change (TTM) as a theoretical framework. ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Prevalence of Asthma and Related Factors Among Adolescents

Ceyhun TÜRKMEN; Ahmad Mahdi Salih

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 92-102

  Objective: This research aims to evaluate the prevalence of asthma among adolescents and identify associated factors within health centers in Mosul, Iraq. Methods : A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in Mosul's health centers, including the Al-Sfina, Umm Al-Manasis, Al-Houd, and ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Management of Self-Care Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and its Relationship to their Quality of Life

Ali Maziad Zrek

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 103-109

  Background: In these unprecedented times, individuals with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) may face challenges in managing their self-care due to various factors that can negatively impact their quality of life. This can lead to a decline in their physical and mental health and affect different aspects ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Association Between Self-Reported Hearing Impairment and Diabetes Mellitus

Iman Ali Rasheed AL-khlan; Taner Akarsu

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 110-116

  Background: Hearing loss is a growing global health problem in the United States of America. It affects about ten to fifteen percent of most adult Americans and about 70 % of persons 70 years old. The burden of diabetes is expected to increase throughout the world as a result of people living longer ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Reasons for Preoperative Anxiety and Severity in Psychological Stress of Women Before Caesarean Section

Hadeel Fadel Farhoud; Hayder H AL-Hadrawi

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 117-136

  Background: Preoperative fear is a common and neutral response of human beings as expecting surgery even if the surgery is significantly needed. Several factors cause preoperative stress or anxiety, which affects the physical and psychological health of people. Study aim: This study aims to measure ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Enhancing Perineal Hygiene Awareness among Primiparous Women

Atiya Kareem Mohammed

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 137-143

  Background: Attention has grown surrounding perineal health self-care practices due to their perceived benefits in promoting postpartum recovery, alleviating discomfort, and preventing long-term problems.Objective: This study aimed to comprehensively explore the various aspects of awareness of perineal ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Analysis of Hematological and Biochemical Parameters in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis in Sulaymaniyah

Kaniaw Khafar; Meer Karim; Nma Qadr; Saya Noori; Savia Mohammed; Shady Salah

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 144-152

  Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic immune-mediated systemic inflammatory disease characterized by chronic synovial inflammation and hyperplasia, which drive joint erosion and damage, and a variety of systemic manifestations, which contribute to the overall burden of the disease, certain ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Knowledge of Nurses About Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation at the Emergency Teaching Hospital in Sulaimani City

Ghazi Hassan Mohammed; Yousif Yahya Hassan

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 153-159

  Background: Nurses are expected to use cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) techniques because they are skilled at caring for patients with life-threatening diseases.Aim: To assess nurses' knowledge of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to identify the relationship between nurses' knowledge of cardiopulmonary ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Nursing Evaluation of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients' Knowledge of Osteoporosis

Amer Muhasin Nasir

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 160-166

  Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the awareness of osteoporosis among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at the Center for Endocrine and Diabetes in Al-Nasiriyah City and to identify the relationship between demographic factors such as age, sex, educational level residency, and osteoporosis.Methods: ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Towards Water-pipe Smoking among Medical and Non-Medical University Students

Rebar Yahya Abdullah; Dilkhosh Shamal Ramadhan; Alaa Noori Sarkees; Arazoo Issa Tahir; Sara Jawad Kadhim

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 167-178

  Background: Waterpipe smoking is becoming a more popular method of tobacco consumption and is associated with short- and long-term health effects. WPS is rising worldwide, especially among university students. Thus, this study examined medical and nonmedical university students' waterpipe smoking knowledge, ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Exploring the Changes in Work Practices and Well-being of Critical Care Healthcare Professionals During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Qualitative Study

Wafaa Mahmoud AbdEl-Kader

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 179-195

  Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed unprecedented challenges to healthcare systems globally, impacting critical care healthcare professionals' work practices and well-being. This qualitative study aims to explore these changes in work practices and well-being during the pandemic, offering insights ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Knowledge of Women Regarding Menopause Phenomenon: A cross-sectional study

Renas Mohammed Khidhir; Mona Gamal Mohamed; Sirwan Khalid Ahmed; Ramya Kundayi Ravi; Nilda Ogsimer

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 196-209

   Background: Menopause causes overwhelming physiological, emotional, and social dysfunction that has an impact on women's health. Women may experience compromised bodily functioning if they are unable to identify and report any adverse effects promptly. Many changes affect health, including vaginal ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
Insights into Clinical Learning: Examining the Nursing Process as a Framework for Nursing Student Development - A Qualitative Study

Rahaf Akel Rajjoub; Salwa Hazim AlMukhtar

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 210-217

  Background: Clinical learning is crucial to nursing education, providing students with opportunities to develop essential skills and competencies. The nursing process is a systematic framework guiding nurses in delivering patient-centered care.Objective: This qualitative study explores nursing student ...  Read More ...

Case Studies
Managing a Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU) with Limited Pressure Relief: A Multi-Disciplinary Team Approach: Case Study

Mohammed Faris Abdulghnai; Youisf Qasim Dawood

Volume 12, Issue 1 , January 2024, Page 218-220

  This case presentation aims to underscore the challenges faced in providing adequate pressure relief for a patient with a diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) due to resource limitations. A 49-year-old active diabetic woman, wearing inappropriate footwear, regularly visits the local community clinic for two months. ...  Read More ...

Effect Of Job Stress On Job Satisfaction Among Nursing Staff In Sulimani Mental Health Hospitals

Kamal Jummah Ameen; Saman Anwar Faraj

Volume 7, Issue 2 , August 2019, , Page 109-119

  Background: Job stress is regarded as a harmful factor for both employees and organizations, which negatively affects the effectiveness of employees and the efficiency of organizational performance. Many occupations are exposed to different types of stress in the workplace environment. One of these occupations ...  Read More ...


Shelan Qahraman Shakor; Hewa Sattar Salih

Volume 8, Issue 1 , March 2020, , Page 14-24

  Background: Red blood cell transfusions are commonly used in palliative care to treat anemia or symptoms caused by anemia. In patients with advanced disease, there is little evidence of benefit to guide treatment decisions in the face of increased risk of harms. Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge ...  Read More ...


Munther Natheer AL-Fattah

Volume 7, Issue 1 , June 2019, , Page 53-62

  The nursing process is a  problem-solving framework that enables the nursing staff to plan their care for a patents and clients as an individual  or  group basis . This requires nurses to be accountable for the care that they prescribe with care deliver and to keep clear and accurate records ...  Read More ...

Assessment of Nursing staff’s Knowledge and Practice regarding Care of Premature Babies in Mosul Teaching Hospitals

Qusay Norry Mohammed; Bakir Faris Alsawaf

Volume 4, Issue 2 , June 2016, , Page 70-73

  Background and aim: Premature is a live born infant delivered before 37 weeks from the first day of last menstrual period .It accounts for the largest number of admissions to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) . Premature infants can develop a range of problems because their organs are not mature enough. ...  Read More ...

Prevalence of obesity and physical activity among primary school children in Erbil City/Iraq

Saad Jbraeil Sulaiman; Mouroge Hashim AlAni

Volume 8, Issue 1 , March 2020, , Page 1-13

  Background: As inactive lifestyles and a tendency for having a more comfortable life rise in the Iraqi population, obesity prevalence has become a major public health concern particularly among children in the Kurdistan Region Iraq. Moreover, obesity can result in an enormous burden to the economy and ...  Read More ...

Original Articles
The Use of Mobile Devices Among Children Aged Under 5 Years in the Kurdistan Region-Iraq: A Cross-Sectional Study

Bahar Mohammad Salih Ismail; Rebar Yahya Abdullah; Kawthar Zubair Mala; Arazoo Issa Tahir; Dilkhosh Shamal Ramadhan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 July 2024

  BACKGROUND: The use of mobile devices by young children has become increasingly common in today's homes. The study aimed to explore the usage of mobile devices among children aged 1-60 months in contemporary households in Kurdistan Region, Iraq. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was adapted from ...  Read More ...


Munther Natheer AL-Fattah

Volume 7, Issue 1 , June 2019, , Page 53-62

  The nursing process is a  problem-solving framework that enables the nursing staff to plan their care for a patents and clients as an individual  or  group basis . This requires nurses to be accountable for the care that they prescribe with care deliver and to keep clear and accurate records ...  Read More ...

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College of Nursing-University of Mosul

Prof. Dr. Radhwan Hussein Ibrahim

Frequency: Semiannual

Print ISSN: 2311-8784

Online ISSN: 2663-0311

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