About Journal

Mosul Journal of Nursing is an international,quarterly, peer reviewed,open access scientific journal that seeks to promote the development and exchange of knowledge that is directly relevant to all spheres of nursing practice. Journal content includes clinical topics, integrative or systematic literature reviews, research, and practice improvement initiatives that provide nurses globally with implications for translation of new knowledge into practice. The journal welcomes studies that aim to evaluate and understand complex health care interventions and health policies and which employ the...
Read More ...

Association between Digital Addiction and Eating Behaviors for Preschool Children

Ahmed Sabah Neamat; Adraa Hussein Shawq; Wasnaa Jomaa Mohammed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176928

Background: Eating habits are formed at an early age and the control of screen time is mostly the responsibility of the parents, the involvement of parents in the use of Technology resources and kids' eating patterns should be explored. According to the recommendations of American Academy of Pediatrics the children's watching time be limited to 1–2 hours per day and that no television or other screens be permitted in their bedrooms.
Objective(s): The aim of this study is to detect the association between digital addiction and Eating Behaviors for preschool children.
Methodology: A descriptive (Cross-Sectional Design) study was conducted on preschooler’s parents by using the instrument of the study, the study was carried out through different governmental kindergartens at Al-Russafa and Al-Karkh Districts in Baghdad City through period from November 1st, 2021, to March 7th 2022. The accessible population included the preschooler’s parents whom their children attended to Government kindergartens. Non-probability, convenient sample of (200) child and parents is selected; (100) participant from Al-Rusafa District Government Kindergartens and (100) participant from Al-Karkh District Government Kindergartens.
Results: The results indicates that 50.5% of preschool children show fair level of eating behavior, and the mean score was (43.84±7.239).
Conclusion: Half of study sample on fair level of eating behavior. High significant association between digital addiction and eating behavior of preschool children.
Recommendations: Encourage parents' guidance and supervision for limited digital screen and content for their children by using special supervisor programs.

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PATIENT'S RESPONSES TO THE MOTIVATIONAL INTERVIEWING AND THEIR DEMOGRAPHIC AND MEDICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR PATIENT UNDERGOING HEMODIALYSIS

Rassoul Abdulzahra Mankih; Ala`a Hassan Mirza Hussain

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 7-15
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176929

Aims: The study aimed to find out the relationship between a response of patients to the motivational interviewing and their demographic and medical characteristic.
Methods: A formal case –series design study, clinical trial was conducted on (30) patients undergoing haemodialysis at Haemodialysis Unit of Al-Sadder hospital, Missan, Iraq.The participants were selected through purposive(non-probability) sample. The participant received five sessions of motivational interviewing. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) was completed by the participants before and after the intervention. Data was collected through the use of the Arabic version of HPL-II questionnaire the data was collected in a unified self-report questionnaire. Data were analysed by using descriptive statistics, including Frequency, Percentage, Mean of score, Standard Deviation.
Results: The results presented that there was association between patients’ response with demographic characteristics, but no association with medical status.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the patients of the study are of low socioeconomic class with ignorance their disease, motivational interviewing are important for adherence to medical therapy.

Evaluation Nurses’ Practices During Intravenous Canulation for Children in the Emergency Units

Kadhum Jawad Kadhum; Serwan Jafar Bakey

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 16-21
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176930

Background: Increasing risks and complications with IV cannulation making this issue a research focus of several authors around the world. In addition, it was reported that emerged complications with IV cannulation could be phlebitis, infiltration, extravasation, infection, and pain.
Aims of the study: This study aimed to evaluate nurses’ practices during intravenous canulation for children in the emergency units.
Methodology: A mixed method research design was used in this study specifically (Convergent parallel: Quantitative and qualitative approach).  The study was initiated from October 15th, 2021, through June 28th, 2022. A non-probability (Purposive) sample was selected of 25 nurses who work at Alzahraa teaching hospital. The data was collected using a previously prepared questionnaire and official agreement to use the study questionnaire was obtained from the original author. Descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages, mean, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (contingency coefficient) were used in the data analysis.
Results: Findings declared by most of nurses that they have practice deficit about pediatric cannulation, especially at the first time of their work.  Participant 7 said that “even though we got knowledge about IV cannulation during our education journey in nursing college, but it is not enough to be proficient to perform this procedure as an expert.  We have limited knowledge and practices about performing procedures in pediatric patients who are different from adult patients”.
Conclusion: The study concluded that Several themes were emerged from nurses’ responses to the main research question “What are the barriers that confronting nurses' practices during insertion of intravenous cannula to children in emergency room?  The major themes were nurses’ related barriers; organization’s related barriers; patients’ related barriers; and opportunities and solutions for barriers.
Recommendations: Efforts from the ministry of Health in Iraq should be targeted toward supplying pediatric emergency nurses with all facilities that assist their work focusing on availability of IV viewer.

Nursing Faculty Members’ Perception Regarding Wearing Mask and Accepting Coronavirus Vaccines

Sameerah Mohammed Saeed; Mohammed Baqer Al-Jubouri

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 22-32
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176932

The COVID-19 pandemic is posing significant public-health issues. Broad adoption of preventative measures such as masking and vaccination is required to keep the pandemic under control. As nursing faculty play an important role in the future of nursing, their perception regarding wearing mask and taking vaccine can be crucial in preventive measures regarding COVID-19. The study aims to assess the perception of nursing faculty regarding wearing mask and coronavirus vaccines.  A descriptive correlational design was used to guide this study. A total of 76 nursing faculty members in six colleges of nursing at six different universities in Iraq were selected by convenience sampling.  Each faculty member received a questionnaire and consent form to be signed.   from February 1, 2022 to February 24, 2022. The sampling method was applied in this study using a non-probability purposive method. Data were collected from faculty using questionnaire distributed at the faculty member's offices consisted of demographic characteristics and 32 items about the Face Mask Perception Scale and 11 items about VAC-COVID-19 scale. The results indicated that the majority of faculty had a positive perception of wearing facial masks (n = 69; 90.8%). The results also revealed that the majority of faculty have somewhat sound perception of coronavirus vaccine (n = 67; 88.2%). In this study, we described nursing faculty members' perceptions of the mask use and coronavirus vaccines during COVID-19 pandemic. According to the findings, the organization of work of the faculty, and the efforts of them in this crisis are being very effective.

Association among Teenagers' Daily Type of Food, Sleep Pattern and Physical Exercise on Their Eating Disorders Behaviors

Baneen Jaleel Abd Al-ameer; Zaid W. Ajil Ajil

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 33-42
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176933

Background:  Health is a fundamental and active meaning in all people's habitual lives.  It is inspired via way of means of behavior, circumstances, attitudes, and beliefs in addition to social and bodily environment.  Industrialization, urbanization, monetary development, and marketplace inclusiveness have brought about a way of life alternative for the global population
Objectives: Find out the Association between Teenagers' daily type of food, sleep pattern, and physical exercise on their eating disorders behaviors
Methodology: A descriptive design study that uses comparative design was carried out throughout the present study. The study used Purposive sampling (Comparative Study).  The sample size was 500 students (male and female) from all secondary schools in Baghdad  at al-karkh sector
Results: There is a significant relationship between eating disorder behaviors and all the student's lifestyles, except with students' duration of physical exercise
Conclusions: There is no significant relationship between eating disorder behaviors and the duration of physical exercise, and there is a significant relationship between eating disorder behaviors with the type of food and sleep pattern
Recommendations: Educational programs should be designed to increase parents knowledge and teenagers’ awareness about etiology, types, signs and symptom, treatment of eating disorders and encouraging them to practice healthy eating behaviors by providing scientific booklet, publication and journal about eating disorders,

The Relationship Between Food Habits, Eating Behavior, and Nutritional Knowledge of High School Female Students and Their Demographic Attributes

Ola Ne’amah Abd-Ulzahrah; Aysen Kamal Mohammed Noori

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 43-47
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176944

Background: The importance of promoting a balanced diet and physical activity in children and adolescents cannot be overstated because the habits that develop during these years tend to persist throughout adulthood.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between food habits, eating behavior, and nutritional knowledge of high school female students and their demographic attributes
Methodology: The descriptive correlational design, sometimes referred to as the simple correlational design, is a subtype of correlational study whose main goal is to analyze relationships between and among variables.
Results:The study results reveal that there is no statistically significant difference in their Self-Efficacy, barriers to change, nutritional knowledge, knowledge about food safety, and knowledge about food safety and behavior among the groups of grade.
Conclusion:Most do not eat breakfast.  Most have poor nutritional knowledge.  Most drink soft drinks (cola, orange, soda, iced tea, tonic water, etc.) between meals.  Most never practice physical activity.
Recommendations:There is a pressing for the community health nurses to collaborate with the directorates of education and schools’ administration to reactivate the physical activity lesson in the schools.

Assessment of Nurses' Knowledge and Practices Regarding Nursing Management for Patients on Hemodialysis at Kirkuk General Hospital / Iraq

ahmed amin mohammed; Younus Khdhur Baeez

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 48-58
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176945

Background: Hemodialysis is the most common method used to treat advanced chronic kidney failure, which considers the eighth cause of the top ten causes of death in Iraq with 4.1% of total death in 2020.
Objective: To assess nurses' knowledge and practices regarding nursing management for patients on hemodialysis at Kirkuk General Hospital / Iraq.
Methodology: A quantitative (descriptive and observational) design study was carried out at Kirkuk General from 7 February to 25 August 2022, A non-probability (purposive) sampling technique was utilized to collect data from 55 nurses who worked in the hemodialysis unit, and the data were collected through A questionnaire was designed and constructed by the researcher, Data analyzed using the statistical package of social science version 22.
Results: Most of the participants were 30-34 years old, female, and College graduates, 41.8% have more than 5 years of the experience dialysis unit, the results also showed no significant differences between the nurses’ knowledge and demographic characteristics of the nurses, while the result observed that strong relationship due to the significant level which was accounted at P
Conclusion: Most of the participants were of the female gender, of young ages, Nursing College graduates, about two third whose experience years in hospital increased than five years.
 Keywords: Assessment, Knowledge, Practice, Hemodialysis.

The Impact of Preoperative Education on Reducing Anxiety among Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery at Shahidan Qaladze Teaching Hospital in Kurdistan Region/Iraq

Aram Khdhir Ahmed; Nazar Ahmed Mahmood

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 59-68
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176947

Background: Preoperative anxiety is a common reaction experienced by patients who are admitted to the hospital for surgery. It can be described as an unpleasant state of tension or uneasiness that results from a patient's doubts or fears before an operation.
Aim: Examine the effect of an educational intervention for patients who are scheduled for a surgical operation on reducing their anxiety prior to the surgery.
Methods: This quasi-experimental/Static-group comparison design was used to on a purposive sample of 150 patients attending operation waiting room in Shahidan Qaladze Teaching Hospital from May 28 to July 27, 2022. Data were collected by direct interview. The patients were divided into two groups; the control and the educational group. 
Results: 150 participants were selectedpurposively, (75 control; 75 educational) group. Participants who received a preoperative education program experienced a greater decrease (30.906±6.959) in anxiety scores (Mean difference =14.146, 95% confidence interval 11.54 to 16.75; P-value < 0.001) compared with those who did not (45.053±9.043). More than half (65.3%) of the control group participants experienced severe preoperative anxiety while the majority (88%) of the intervention group who received the education program experienced mild anxiety as suggested by the S-STAI score.
Conclusions: The verbal education before surgery has a significant effect on reducing patients’ anxiety before they transfer to the operating room.

Assessment of Major Behavioral Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease among Patients Admitted to coronary care unit in Rania General Hospital

Shakhawan Ahmed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 69-78
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176948

     Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) occurs when decreases or stops blood flow to the heart muscles. This is resulting from the gradual narrowing of coronary arteries and atherosclerosis. Tobacco use, abnormal lipid profile, obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, physical inactivity, emotional distress, high alcohol consumption and reduction in the consumption of fruit and vegetables are the predominant risks of cardiovascular diseases such as CHD.
      The study aims to assess the behavioral risk factors for coronary heart disease among patients admitted to the coronary care unit.
 This is to identify the major behavioral risk factors for coronary heart disease in patients who admitted to the coronary care unit and to determine whether there are any relations between modifiable risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics of the data.
     This descriptive study of quantitative method was carried out, with a non-probability (convenience) sample of (50) Adults diagnosed with coronary heart disease and admitted to the coronary care unit in Rania general hospital.
     In the study, physical inactivity and smoking are the most common behaviors that worsen CHD among participants. Moreover, smoking behavior is increasingly detected in males. This study therefore, recommends that further studies on this topic need to be conducted. Public awareness should be raised toward unhealthy behaviors, in particular physical inactivity and smoking

ASSESSMENTS 0F THE APPLICATION OF NURSING PROCESS IN SURGICAL WARDS

Munther Natheer AL-Fattah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 53-62
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162875

The nursing process is a  problem-solving framework that enables the nursing staff to plan their care for a patents and clients as an individual  or  group basis . This requires nurses to be accountable for the care that they prescribe with care deliver and to keep clear and accurate records of the discussions .Today, one’s ability to use the nursing process is governed by the standards for pre-registration  for any nursing education as outline.
The present study aimed at utilize the nursing process in Mosul teaching hospitals
The initial sample consisted of  (42) nurses  whose were   selected randomly  from surgical and emergency  units at Mosul teaching Hospitals .
the period of data collection for this  study was carried out  from 20-1-2019 until  20-2-2019 . in Ibn-Sina and AL-Jamhuori teaching hospitals.
The results shows a highly significant of all assessment for applications of nursing process at p. value (0.05) 
In conclusions of this study The nursing process it's very important to enhancing the quality of care especially at surgical field and The highly significant number for all elements of nursing process. Furthermore, the nursing staff cant not be able to make any management without nursing process.
Thus the researcher put some recommendations for the current study such as ;the nursing process case sheet should be putting in patient case folder  , to evaluate the patient and his health status systematically, the nursing staff  and health care team  must be educating to how could they using  nursing process and updating, surgical wards should be formulate a time table for all clients to guide them about their care as a schedules .The head of nursing staff  as a adviser must be enrolled with conferences and educations centers to discuss the implementation of nursing process .
Keywords: nursing care plan, recommender system, data mining.

BLOOD TRANSFUSION KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES AMONG NURSES IN KIRKUK CITY HOSPITALS

Shelan Qahraman Shakor; Hewa Sattar Salih

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 14-24
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.164622

Background: Red blood cell transfusions are commonly used in palliative care to treat anemia or symptoms caused by anemia. In patients with advanced disease, there is little evidence of benefit to guide treatment decisions in the face of increased risk of harms. Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge and practices of nurses about blood transfusion for adult patients in Kirkuk city hospitals.
Methods: A purposive study design was conducted in the period from 1st June 2019 to 15th November 2019. the sample includes (80) nurses who were working at (Gynecology and obstetrics, General medicine, General surgery, intensive care unit, Oncology at Azadi teaching hospital, and Kirkuk general hospital.
Results: The number of nurses’ who included in the study was (35%) worked in Gynecology and obstetrics, (25%) worked in General medicine, General surgery, (10%) worked in the intensive care unit, (5%) Oncology, generally nurses had a low level of knowledge but showed best practice level.
Conclusions: The findings showed that the nurses' knowledge of blood transfusion was insufficient which could be detrimental to patient safety, also practice Was optimal in Kirkuk city hospitals
Recommendation: Nurses have the responsibility to update their knowledge and skills in carrying out blood transfusion. The tool developed in this study may be useful for educators and managers to identify gaps in knowledge and inform decisions to address them.
Keywords: Blood transfusion, Knowledge, Practice.

Effect Of Job Stress On Job Satisfaction Among Nursing Staff In Sulimani Mental Health Hospitals

Kamal Jummah Ameen; Saman Anwar Faraj

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 109-119
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.164132

Background: Job stress is regarded as a harmful factor for both employees and organizations, which negatively affects the effectiveness of employees and the efficiency of organizational performance.
Many occupations are exposed to different types of stress in the workplace environment. One of these occupations is nursing, which occupies essential roles and vital parts of the effectiveness of the health care system.
Objective: To investigate the relationship between the effect of job stress on job satisfaction for nurses.
Method: A descriptive study was conducted among nursing staff in mental health hospitals in Sulaimani. The process of the necessary data collection began from 25th May - 10th July 2016 and was obtained through a self-report convenient sample of (75) nurses. They distributed in three hospitals Soz Mental Hospital, Shahid Salahi Muhandis Hospital, and Mental Health Center / Teaching Hospital by using questionnaires were divided into three parts: First, socio-demographic characteristics consisted of eight items. Second, Expanded Nursing Stress Scale (ENSS). This consisted of (57) items ranged in nine subscales. Third, Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS), which included 36 items in nine subscales. Descriptive data and inferential data were used for analysis. the validity of the questionnaire was determined through a panel of (11) experts in the different fields and work settings.
Results: The analysis of the data figured out that total average job stress among nursing staff at the mental hospitals was "Occasionally stressful- frequently stressful". The subscale death and dying from job stress took the highest level. Nursing staff had job satisfaction, subscale payment (salary) from job satisfaction took the lowest level. There were significant statistical relationships between the level of job stress subscales and demographic characteristics except for the training course dimension. There was no statistically significant correlation between total ENSS and total JSS.
Conclusions: The death of the patients played an important role in perceiving job stress. The lack and delay in salary were a major factor in decreasing job satisfaction, although the level of job stress among nurses does not highly record. Also, most of the nurses were satisfied with their work.
Keywords: Stress level, Job Satisfaction, Nursing Staff In Mental Health center

Assessment of Nursing staff’s Knowledge and Practice regarding Care of Premature Babies in Mosul Teaching Hospitals

Qusay Norry Mohammed; Bakir Faris Alsawaf

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2016, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 70-73
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2016.160039

Background and aim: Premature is a live born infant delivered before 37 weeks from the first day of last menstrual period .It accounts for the largest number of admissions to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) . Premature infants can develop a range of problems because their organs are not mature enough. The proper nursing care of premature baby should be established by good nursing performances . The purpose of this study is to assess of nursing staff knowledge and practice regarding care of premature babies in Mosul Hospitals in the (Premature babies units).
Materials and method: A descriptive design carried throughout the period 2nd of December 2013 to March 2nd 2014 employing quantitative research methods to attain the results. The sample of the study was a non-probability purposive sampling which included all the nurses working in the premature units in these four Hospitals the sample consisted of (60) nurses (females).The data were analyzed using the statistical package for social science (SPSS) program version 17 throughout the application of descriptive statistic (frequency, mean, standard deviation and percentage) and inferential statistics (t-test and ANOVA-one way test).
Results: The findings of the study the Having diploma degree, being 40-49 years old, and more clinical experience Nurses in the Premature babies units increase neonatal nursing knowledge and practices.
Conclusions: There are significant differences between knowledge and practice of nursing staff about nursing care for premature babies with regard to age, level of education, and duration of work. Having diploma degree, being 40-49 years old, and more clinical experience in premature babies units increase neonatal nursing knowledge and practices. Recommendation: The study recommends preparing, Nurses should update their knowledge and practice through training courses and training programs for nursing care for premature baby in order to improve their skills and performing statistics by ministry of health of Iraq on the number of premature births in the country in order to reduce this phenomenon and finding appropriate solutions to the problems.

ASSESSMENTS 0F THE APPLICATION OF NURSING PROCESS IN SURGICAL WARDS

Munther Natheer AL-Fattah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 53-62
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162875

The nursing process is a  problem-solving framework that enables the nursing staff to plan their care for a patents and clients as an individual  or  group basis . This requires nurses to be accountable for the care that they prescribe with care deliver and to keep clear and accurate records of the discussions .Today, one’s ability to use the nursing process is governed by the standards for pre-registration  for any nursing education as outline.
The present study aimed at utilize the nursing process in Mosul teaching hospitals
The initial sample consisted of  (42) nurses  whose were   selected randomly  from surgical and emergency  units at Mosul teaching Hospitals .
the period of data collection for this  study was carried out  from 20-1-2019 until  20-2-2019 . in Ibn-Sina and AL-Jamhuori teaching hospitals.
The results shows a highly significant of all assessment for applications of nursing process at p. value (0.05) 
In conclusions of this study The nursing process it's very important to enhancing the quality of care especially at surgical field and The highly significant number for all elements of nursing process. Furthermore, the nursing staff cant not be able to make any management without nursing process.
Thus the researcher put some recommendations for the current study such as ;the nursing process case sheet should be putting in patient case folder  , to evaluate the patient and his health status systematically, the nursing staff  and health care team  must be educating to how could they using  nursing process and updating, surgical wards should be formulate a time table for all clients to guide them about their care as a schedules .The head of nursing staff  as a adviser must be enrolled with conferences and educations centers to discuss the implementation of nursing process .
Keywords: nursing care plan, recommender system, data mining.

Nurses’ Knowledge about Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation in Mosul City

Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed; Nasir Mufaq Youns; Ahmed Ali Hussein

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 49-53
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160051

Background and Objectives: Resuscitation in hospitals and health care facilities, refers to prompt actions aimed to prevent death and providing the best possible chances for human survival. The study aims to assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to identify the relationship between nurses' knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation and some demographic variables (age, gender, educational level, work place and years of experience).
Material and method: A descriptive study design was adapted to assess the knowledge of the nurses regarding CPR. The sample of the study consist of (122) nurses, (26) female, and (96) male who works in Iben-Sena and Al-Zahrawe teaching hospitals in Mosul City. The sample of the study was selected in the simple random method. Data were collected by using a questionnaire throughout an interview technique. The questionnaire consists of two parts, Part one consists of (5 items) includes some demographic data including age, gender, educational level, work place and previous experience. Part two consists of (23 items) include questions that assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Data were analyzed and calculated by using SPSS program.
Results: The nurses' knowledge score regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation record low, (27.942%), and standard deviation (0.609).
Conclusion: The present study reveals that the nurses have poor knowledge regarding the CPR techniques and there are no significant difference between nurses' knowledge about cardio pulmonary resuscitation with demographic characteristics except work place and gender.

Knowledge, attitudes and practices for dialysis nursing staff regarding personal protection means from hospital acquired in Mousl hospital

Aayed ali Bny Uoda

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 92-99
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.163661

Background: This study intended to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding standard precautions concerning Hospital acquired protection (HAIs) among hemodialysis nurses in hemodialysis centers in Mosul
Methods: A descriptive study was carried out during the period from 18th  of February 2019until 14th of February 2019. A non – probability purposive sample consisting of 25 nurses.
Results: there were a total of 25 hemodialysis nurses in hemodialysis centers in Mosul. All agreed to participate in the study. Although72% of the nurses knew that their hands could be a source of infection associated with health care, only 36% of the nursing staff washed their hands before contacting another    used 92% by the nursing staff when contacting the patient in the dialysis unit and 40% of nursing staff also wore masks when contacting patient.
Gloves were actually used by 98% of the nurses. 46% of the nurses were usually wearing masks when contacting a patient. Books and journals were the main source of information about (HAI) among 52% of the nurses.
conclusions: The nurses' knowledge of healthcare-related illnesses did not fulfill this purpose because some of the nursing staff did not adhere to personal hygiene practices.
Recommendations: the necessary training programs for nurses in hemodialysis centers on the promotion of hygiene standards and optimal use of personal protection against hospital infection .
Keyword: Knowledge, attitude , practices , nursing staff, dialysis, hospital acquired, infections

Assessment of Patients Knowledge about Gastritis at General Kirkuk Hospital in Kirkuk City

Qasim Hussein Mohammed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2015, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 49-54
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2015.160020

Background and aim: Gastritis (inflammation of the gastric or stomach mucosa) is a common GI problem. Gastritis may be acute, lasting several hours to a few days, or chronic, resulting from repeated exposure to irritating agents or recurring episodes of acute gastritis). The aim of the study to assessment of patient Knowledge regarding gastritis at General Kirkuk Hospital in Kirkuk city.
Materials and method: descriptive study was carried out on gastritis patients at General Kirkuk hospital in Kirkuk city from the beginning from (10th of June 2013 to5th May 2014) in order to assess knowledge concerning gastritis ,non- probability sampling convenience sample of (50) patients .The data was collected through the application of constructed questionnaire with consist of three parts and were used (SPSS). The Data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical the frequencies (F), percentage (%), and mean of score.
Results : (74%) of the samples (35>) years old, (76%) of them were male, (54%) of the samples were illiterate, (62%) of them were house wife, (88%) of the samples were married, 40%) of them were (4-6) Working hour per day , 32%) of them have history of hypertension,(72%) of the sample had no family history of gastritis, (66%) of them no smoker, (78%) of them had continuous stress.
Conclusion: type of the patients gender the highest age that having gastritis is (female), almost highest rate of the sample revealed illiterate of the patient. Majority of the sample show housewife occupational of patient. Almost majority of the sample showed that most of patient was married, The highest rate of patient who having gastritis was complain from chronic disease. The majority of samples were having continuous stress, The highest rate of patient was having good knowledge about medical treatment instruct the people about avoiding taking any medication without physician order.
Recommendation: Advice the people to take healthy diet and avoid irritant food, and decrease stress.

CAN LOW DOSE OF ISOTRETINOIN CAUSE DEPRESSION

Kasim S. Al-Chalabi; Haitham B. Fathi; Mohammed N. Al-Mallah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 60-67
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.164621

Background: Depressive symptoms may associate with the daily recommended dose of Isotretinoin for nodulocystic acne. Does reduce the dose will reduce the incidence of depressive symptoms is still not clearly understood.
Study objective: To compare the types and frequency of depressive symptoms among patients with nodulocystic acne receiving three different low doses of isotretinoin (10mg daily, 20mg every other day, and 20mg daily).  
Study design: Open randomized clinical trial.
 Study setting: Dermatology clinic at Ibn Sina teaching hospital
Patients & methods: 169 patients with severe nodulocystic acne were randomly assigned to one of three isotretinoin regimen groups as follows: 10 mg daily (n=46), 20mg alternate day (n=58), and 20 mg daily (n=65). After a month of treatment, the patient assessed for degree of improvement of acne and incidence of depressive symptoms
Results: The frequencies of depressive symptoms irrespective to the group were as follows: crying in 36 (21.3%), anger in 35 (20.7%), sleep disturbance in 32 (18.9%), isolation in 29 (17.1%), and sadness in 20 (11.8%) of patients. The frequency of crying, anger, and sadness was significantly rose with an increased dose of isotretinoin from 10mg to 20mg daily (p-value equal to 0.02, 0.02, and 0.001 respectively). The summated depressive symptoms rose from (0.52 symptoms) in 10 mg daily to (1.19 symptoms) in 20 mg daily dose and the difference was statistically significant.
Conclusion: Depressive symptoms increased gradually with an increased dose of isotretinoin and reducing the dose to the least effective dose is mandatory.
Key Words: isotretinoin, dose regimen, depression, nodulocystic acne.

Assessment of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Akre Teaching Hospitals

Mohanned Khaleel Abdullah; Zikri Mahmood Mirza; Shevan Younis Othman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2018, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 23-33
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160079

Background and Aim: The phenomenon of Job Stress remains a reality that touches on different areas of work with inequality. Sources and levels of pressure from one field to another, particularly affecting the humanitarian field as it has proved. Many studies compare careers, under the study of job stress in particular the fields of teaching and nursing as they involve a number of tasks and responsibilities relationships.The study aimed to identify the relationship between job stress and nurses’ demographical characteristics.
Materials and Method: Aquantives descriptive study was applied study to determine job stress for nurses in Akre teaching hospitals in Dohuk city. About 75 nurses participants from two hospitals, Gulan General Teaching Hospital and from Akre General Emergency Teaching Hospital were chosen randomly. A questionnaire is constructed by researchers is divided into two sections, the 1st section is the demographical characteristics of nurses and the 2nd section consists of 23 items about job stress.
Results: The study shows that high percentage of the study population where less than 30 years old and most of them married and male the findings show that 61.3% of nurses where graduated from medical instituted. the study revealed that 61.3% of the sample had less than seven years of experience. The finding displayed that there is a significant difference between job stress among nurs’s age, years experience, Position, Marital status and Salary, While there is no significant difference in relation to Education levels ,Setting, Gender and Hospital..
Conclusion: The results revealed that the young, single and new employed with low salaries nurses suffer from job stress more than the older, married, wide experienced senior nurses. And all the sample have follow almost the same curriculum and instructions to deal with stress in the hospitals.
Recommendations: The researchers reommnded for improving the working conditions of workers in sectors of a humanitarian nature, including a sector education and nursing sector so that their employees can provide better services .

ASSESSMENTS 0F THE APPLICATION OF NURSING PROCESS IN SURGICAL WARDS

Munther Natheer AL-Fattah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 53-62
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162875

The nursing process is a  problem-solving framework that enables the nursing staff to plan their care for a patents and clients as an individual  or  group basis . This requires nurses to be accountable for the care that they prescribe with care deliver and to keep clear and accurate records of the discussions .Today, one’s ability to use the nursing process is governed by the standards for pre-registration  for any nursing education as outline.
The present study aimed at utilize the nursing process in Mosul teaching hospitals
The initial sample consisted of  (42) nurses  whose were   selected randomly  from surgical and emergency  units at Mosul teaching Hospitals .
the period of data collection for this  study was carried out  from 20-1-2019 until  20-2-2019 . in Ibn-Sina and AL-Jamhuori teaching hospitals.
The results shows a highly significant of all assessment for applications of nursing process at p. value (0.05) 
In conclusions of this study The nursing process it's very important to enhancing the quality of care especially at surgical field and The highly significant number for all elements of nursing process. Furthermore, the nursing staff cant not be able to make any management without nursing process.
Thus the researcher put some recommendations for the current study such as ;the nursing process case sheet should be putting in patient case folder  , to evaluate the patient and his health status systematically, the nursing staff  and health care team  must be educating to how could they using  nursing process and updating, surgical wards should be formulate a time table for all clients to guide them about their care as a schedules .The head of nursing staff  as a adviser must be enrolled with conferences and educations centers to discuss the implementation of nursing process .
Keywords: nursing care plan, recommender system, data mining.