About Journal

Mosul Journal of Nursing is an international,quarterly, peer reviewed,open access scientific journal that seeks to promote the development and exchange of knowledge that is directly relevant to all spheres of nursing practice. Journal content includes clinical topics, integrative or systematic literature reviews, research, and practice improvement initiatives that provide nurses globally with implications for translation of new knowledge into practice. The journal welcomes studies that aim to evaluate and understand complex health care interventions and health policies and which employ the...
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Profile of patients with Multiple sclerosis in Mosul City

Mohammed Saleh Mohammed; Ali Neamat Sulaiman Alallaf

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1-5
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.164352

Background: This study was carried out to assess the prevalence of MS in Mosul City.
Methods: A retrospective study was applied in Mosul City for the period between (2020-2000). MS patient’s outpatient of Ibn-Sina Teaching hospital in Mosul City. Assessment of MS status: for the assessment of MS status the Kurtzke EDSS was used. EDSS was based on ten scores (0-10) and categorized the MS severity into three level; mild disability (EDSS, 0.0 to 3.5), moderate disability (EDSS, 4.0 to 6.5), and severe disability (EDSS, 7.0 to 9.5). Microsoft Excel file was used to analyzed the data, number, percentage, Mean and Standard deviation were computed analyze all demographic and clinical variables. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Mosul Health Directorate, at Mosul City –Iraq.
Results: the study found that the mean age of patients (34.7) among men and (32.9) among women. The mean age at onset is (28.9) among men and 27.9 among women. In relation to family history 89.8% of men and 93.9% of women don’t have positive family history with MS. The majority of patent have Relapsing- remitting.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the prevalence of MS has been steadily rising in the Mosul city over the past few decades.
Key words: profile, Multiple Sclerosis, Mosul

Prevalence of obesity and physical activity among primary school children in Erbil City/Iraq

Saad Jbraeil Sulaiman; Mouroge Hashim AlAni

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 6-17
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.164353

Background: As inactive lifestyles and a tendency for having a more comfortable life rise in the Iraqi population, obesity prevalence has become a major public health concern particularly among children in the Kurdistan Region Iraq. Moreover, obesity can result in an enormous burden to the economy and public health. Conducting educational programs of physical activity and modifying nutrition patterns among primary school children can be a preventive strategy. The present study was aimed at identifying the obesity prevalence rate and its risk factors among primary school children in Erbil, the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
Patients and methods: In a cross-sectional descriptive study, 400 children who were 6 to 13 years old were selected from primary schools in Erbil and studied from 2017 to 2019. A researcher-designed questionnaire was employed to gather required socioeconomic and sociodemographic data. For this purpose, face-to-face interviews were carried out with the children’s parents. Moreover, the UNICEF calibrated digital scale was used to measure the children’s weight, a portable stadiometer for their height, and their height and weight for their body mass index. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 22) was used to analyze the collected data.
Results: It was seen that 26% of the students were obese. All age groups and grades had an almost equal prevalence of obesity. Obesity was more prevalent among those students who were males, had child ranking of 1st or 2nd, whose parents lived together, whose parental education was illiterate or primary, whose mother was retired, and whose father was retired. Having an obese mother or father, eating more than 3 main meals per day, physical inactivity, and low socioeconomic status was found to be effective factors in causing children’s obesity. There was a significant relationship between children’s daily physical activity and nutritional status (p=0.000).
Conclusion: Obesity prevalence was higher among inactive primary school children who had an obese mother or father, ate more than 3 main meals per day and had low socioeconomic status. Daily physical activity of children was directly associated with a decrease in obesity prevalence in children.
Keywords: childhood obesity, physical activity, primary school students, daily meals

Nurses’ Knowledge about Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation in Mosul City

Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed; Nasir Mufaq Youns; Ahmed Ali Hussein

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 49-53
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160051

Background and Objectives: Resuscitation in hospitals and health care facilities, refers to prompt actions aimed to prevent death and providing the best possible chances for human survival. The study aims to assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to identify the relationship between nurses' knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation and some demographic variables (age, gender, educational level, work place and years of experience).
Material and method: A descriptive study design was adapted to assess the knowledge of the nurses regarding CPR. The sample of the study consist of (122) nurses, (26) female, and (96) male who works in Iben-Sena and Al-Zahrawe teaching hospitals in Mosul City. The sample of the study was selected in the simple random method. Data were collected by using a questionnaire throughout an interview technique. The questionnaire consists of two parts, Part one consists of (5 items) includes some demographic data including age, gender, educational level, work place and previous experience. Part two consists of (23 items) include questions that assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Data were analyzed and calculated by using SPSS program.
Results: The nurses' knowledge score regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation record low, (27.942%), and standard deviation (0.609).
Conclusion: The present study reveals that the nurses have poor knowledge regarding the CPR techniques and there are no significant difference between nurses' knowledge about cardio pulmonary resuscitation with demographic characteristics except work place and gender.

Assessment of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Akre Teaching Hospitals

Mohanned Khaleel Abdullah; Zikri Mahmood Mirza; Shevan Younis Othman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 19-29
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160079

Background and Aim: The phenomenon of Job Stress remains a reality that touches on different areas of work with inequality. Sources and levels of pressure from one field to another, particularly affecting the humanitarian field as it has proved. Many studies compare careers, under the study of job stress in particular the fields of teaching and nursing as they involve a number of tasks and responsibilities relationships.The study aimed to identify the relationship between job stress and nurses’ demographical characteristics.
Materials and Method: Aquantives descriptive study was applied study to determine job stress for nurses in Akre teaching hospitals in Dohuk city. About 75 nurses participants from two hospitals, Gulan General Teaching Hospital and from Akre General Emergency Teaching Hospital were chosen randomly. A questionnaire is constructed by researchers is divided into two sections, the 1st section is the demographical characteristics of nurses and the 2nd section consists of 23 items about job stress.
Results: The study shows that high percentage of the study population where less than 30 years old and most of them married and male the findings show that 61.3% of nurses where graduated from medical instituted. the study revealed that 61.3% of the sample had less than seven years of experience. The finding displayed that there is a significant difference between job stress among nurs’s age, years experience, Position, Marital status and Salary, While there is no significant difference in relation to Education levels ,Setting, Gender and Hospital..
Conclusion: The results revealed that the young, single and new employed with low salaries nurses suffer from job stress more than the older, married, wide experienced senior nurses. And all the sample have follow almost the same curriculum and instructions to deal with stress in the hospitals.
Recommendations: The researchers reommnded for improving the working conditions of workers in sectors of a humanitarian nature, including a sector education and nursing sector so that their employees can provide better services .

Effect of cochlear implants in chidren on parental mental health in Mousl city

Ahmed Abdulla Aziz Alsamady

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 60-71
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162876

Cochlear implant is one of the treatments for deafness.      
child cochlear, purpsive sample their children have (CI) from hearing and speech rehabilitation centers in Mousl city. During  a peroid 10 january 2018  to 28 february 2019. The instrument depended in the study was  28-GHQ self- administered technique . The GHQ-28 is divided into four categories: somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and depression.
This questionnaire includes information about the operated child such as gender, age, date of birth, and also information about the parents, such as their age, job and family background
.Data were analyzed in several steps. First descriptive statistics, which include frequency
and percentages. The second step, which include inferential statistics Chi-Square test) ,the probability level depend in the present study  was p<0.05
the study concluded Mother and father were affected by psychological symptoms.
the study recommended Preparing a comprehensive extension program that is suitable for the size of the problem experienced by parents and families through psychological, social and financial support programs, participation of specialists and professionals, families of children with hearing. disabilities, and the development of suitable solutions for themdeveloping a child's language helps parents get rid of their anxiety, Provide advanced rehabilitation centers within the governorate and be more than a center rehabilitation and training of staff  working in the centers of rehabilitation,  Make the parents communicate fully with the manufacturers of the cochlear and make the center of the company in each province, providing the spare tools for planting Working on the opening of specialized centers for cochlear implantation to reduce cost.

Awareness of health care staff regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals

Darya Yaseen Mustafa; Dhiaa Alrahman H. Abdullah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160083

Background: pregnant women may need medication to manage some of problems occurring during pregnancy. Some of medication considered safe and other unsafe, medical and nursing staff should aware of safe and unsafe medication to prevent further damage to the pregnant women.
Objectives: to assess healthcare worker awareness regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals.
Methodology: A quantitative design using descriptive study was carried out at Kirkuk city hospitals from 1st of October, 9117, up to the 1st of October, 9112. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (28) staff working in maternity units was used. A constructed questionnaire was used for the purpose of the study which consisted of two parts: the demographic data of the sample, and the awareness of healthcare worker regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy. The data were collected through the use of self-administration techniques they were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical data analysis.
Results: The findings of the study indicated that (81.06) of the samples were working in Kirkuk general hospital, (00.26) were between age group (91-92 years), (076) of the sample were nurses, (03.06) of them were having 1-0 years of experience, and (02.16) do not training in medication session.
Conclusions: most healthcare worker unaware of indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy.

Quality of Life of Diabetic Patients Type -2- in Urban and Rural Areas in Kirkuk City (Comparative Study

Abid Salih Kumait

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 38-45
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2014.162927

Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus has become representing one of the most challenging public
health problems of the 21st century. It is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood glucose levels
(hyperglycemia) which may arise from defects in the secretion of insulin, defects in insulin action, or both.
Diabetic patients suffering from worse quality of life in rural and urban area. Aims of the study were to
assess quality of life Type-2- of diabetic patients in rural and urban area , to identify the relationship
between some characteristics of diabetic patients and quality of life and comparison of quality of life of
diabetic patients between urban and rural area in Kirkuk city.
Material and Method: The non- experimental approach and descriptive design was used in this study . The
study was conducted at Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk city and Al-Hawija General Hospital at Al-
Hawija district during the period from 15th November 2012 to the 20th of June 2013 .Purposive sample
consists of (110) clients from urban area who visited Azadi Teaching Hospital and (110) clients from rural
area who visited Al-Hawija General Hospital . In order to collect the study information, a questionnaire was
constructed depending on the criteria of World Health Organization scale (WHO ) format that modified by
researcher and related literature. It composed of two parts , part one included ( 5 ) items which focused on
the client demographic characteristics such as (age, gender, marital status, residence , occupation , level of
education .Diabetes Mellitus Quality of life questionnaire is the instrument that consists of (5) domains. The
domains are Independence , daily physical activities , Psycho-social , beliefs , environmental and
circumstances. The overall questions includes (80 ) items. The questions were rated on (3) point- likert
scale. The score ranges between (0-240), never ( 1), sometimes (2), always (3).content validity was
determined by presenting the questionnaire to a panel of (10 ) experts.
Results: The data analysis shows that most of the type -2- diabetic patients were male in urban and rural
area and constituted (75.3% ) and ( 61.8 % ) respectively . In relation to the age , high percentage of the
sample were between age (55-64 ) years in urban and rural area and constituted (32.7% ) and (34.5 % )
respectively .Also the data analysis showed that there is a significant statistical association between health
related quality of life (HRQoL) items that are related to independency, daily physical activities, psychosocial
aspects ,beliefs and environmental circumstances. Also the study concluded that health problems of
diabetic patients related to quality of life differs in sub domains have mild effects on the quality of life of
patients with diabetic in rural than urban area .
Conclusions: The socio demographic characteristic of quality of life of type 2- diabetic clients (age,
gender, marital status, level of education, jobs ) are different in effects on independency, daily physical
activities, psycho-social aspects, beliefs and environment Quality of life of diabetic patients type -2- more
impact in rural than urban area.
Key words: Quality of Life, Diabetic Patients Type -2-, Urban, Rural

Assessment of Patients Knowledge about Gastritis at General Kirkuk Hospital in Kirkuk City

Qasim Hussein Mohammed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 49-54
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2015.160020

Background and aim: Gastritis (inflammation of the gastric or stomach mucosa) is a common GI problem. Gastritis may be acute, lasting several hours to a few days, or chronic, resulting from repeated exposure to irritating agents or recurring episodes of acute gastritis). The aim of the study to assessment of patient Knowledge regarding gastritis at General Kirkuk Hospital in Kirkuk city.
Materials and method: descriptive study was carried out on gastritis patients at General Kirkuk hospital in Kirkuk city from the beginning from (10th of June 2013 to5th May 2014) in order to assess knowledge concerning gastritis ,non- probability sampling convenience sample of (50) patients .The data was collected through the application of constructed questionnaire with consist of three parts and were used (SPSS). The Data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical the frequencies (F), percentage (%), and mean of score.
Results : (74%) of the samples (35>) years old, (76%) of them were male, (54%) of the samples were illiterate, (62%) of them were house wife, (88%) of the samples were married, 40%) of them were (4-6) Working hour per day , 32%) of them have history of hypertension,(72%) of the sample had no family history of gastritis, (66%) of them no smoker, (78%) of them had continuous stress.
Conclusion: type of the patients gender the highest age that having gastritis is (female), almost highest rate of the sample revealed illiterate of the patient. Majority of the sample show housewife occupational of patient. Almost majority of the sample showed that most of patient was married, The highest rate of patient who having gastritis was complain from chronic disease. The majority of samples were having continuous stress, The highest rate of patient was having good knowledge about medical treatment instruct the people about avoiding taking any medication without physician order.
Recommendation: Advice the people to take healthy diet and avoid irritant food, and decrease stress.

Prevalence of Mobile Phone Addiction among Students in Institute Technical of Kut

Sameeha Naser Abed; Rawaa Kamel Abd; Israa Dawood Salim; Nadia Abdul Razzaq Jamal

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 33-38
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160048

Background and aim: The mobile phones have considerably the new epidemic of this century .It is a two edge sword, it has both the positive and negative consequences. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of mobile phone addiction among students in institute technical of Kut, and also to determine significant demographic associations.
Materials and method: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was performed using a self-administered questionnaire on a sample of 380 randomly selected students. A survey was carried out in the 1st of April to the 1st of July 2017. Data analysis by using the Minitab, version 18.
Results: About 66% of the students were females. The overall prevalence of mobile phone addiction was 60% in studying students (35.37% among male and 64.63% among female), with large increases in both sexes aged less or equal twenty years (59.21%). There is no significant relationship between gender and demographic characteristics and there was no any significant relationship between demographic factors ) gender, residence, marital status, and employment status) with mobile phone addiction, while was a significant association between mobile phone addiction and age groups.
Conclusions: Overall female had more effects of mobile phone usage compared to male. Statistically significant difference was also observed for mobile phone addiction and age groups. There is a no significant relationship between demographic factors, gender, residence, marital status, and employment status with mobile phone use.
Recommendations: The recommendations of the present study are necessary to develop a mobile phone addiction preventive measure and controlling the mobile phone use. In addition to implementing effective education and intervention strategies such as behavior modification, the promotion of healthier free-time activities, and providing a healthy living environment around youths. Counseling programs are recommended for raising awareness of families concerning mobile phone use.

Effectiveness of an Education Program on Nurses knowledge concerning in Nursing Management for patients with Third degree and bundle branch block in Kirkuk Teaching Hospitals

Abid Salih Kumait AL-Jumaily MSc adult nursing; Khalidah Mohammed Khudur

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 7-19
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160084

Background and Objectives: Heart block is a disease or acquired condition that causes a fault within the heart's natural pacemaker due to some kind of obstruction (or "block") in the electrical conduction system of the heart.Nurses play an important role in maintaining the health and well-being of patients. Aims of the study was to assess the effectiveness of nursing education program on nursing knowledge concerning in nursing management toward third degree and bundle branch block in Kirkuk's teaching hospitals and to identifying the relationship between the nurses' knowledge and their demographic characteristics such as ( age ,gender and education level)
Material and Method :A descriptive study design (quasi experimental study )was carried out at Azadi teaching hospital and Kirkuk general hospital in Kirkuk city for nursing staff who worked at CCU ,RCU unit , emergency unit and internal medicine unit ,from February up to May, 8102. A non – probability (purposive) sample was selected and composed of (21) Nurses (male and female) .Nurses was divided into two groups, study group consisted of (01) nurses exposed to the nursing educational program and control group consisted of (01) nurses were not exposed to the program from Azadi Teaching Hospital and Kirkuk General Hospital in Kirkuk city. The program and instruments were constructed by the researcher for the purpose of the study .The questionnaire was constructed for the purpose of the study which consisted of three parts: the first part include the demographic data (5 ) items (age, gender,residencr , Educational achievement and marital status.The second about training in cardiac care (8) items ( work place and name of training in cardiac care . The third part consist from (02 ) items of general knowledge toward management of third degree of heart block and bundle branch block of heart block. The (SPSS) ver. (8821) was used for data analysis. Mean, SD, and ANCOVA test, compare means were used to analyze the collected data. Level of significance was the threshold at p<1215
Results: There were 01 nurses included in the study. Relative to "Gender" 82(55255) from sample were female are more illustrated, since, also the study shows the high percent of nursese were at age between (81-23 years) and constitute 25(25255) and most of "Age Groups", are focused at the first two groups since .(5825% ) .Also the results shows (%5215) were female. With regard toresidence 82(51215) were living in urban areas, The study findings indicated that there were highly significant differences between pre and post tests in the study group in overall main domains related to nurses' knowldg abou management of third degree heart block and bundle branch block
Conclusion: The study concluded that the effectiveness of educational program regarding nurses' nurses' knowldg abou management of third degree heart block and bundle branch block .

Assessment of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Akre Teaching Hospitals

Mohanned Khaleel Abdullah; Zikri Mahmood Mirza; Shevan Younis Othman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 19-29
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160079

Background and Aim: The phenomenon of Job Stress remains a reality that touches on different areas of work with inequality. Sources and levels of pressure from one field to another, particularly affecting the humanitarian field as it has proved. Many studies compare careers, under the study of job stress in particular the fields of teaching and nursing as they involve a number of tasks and responsibilities relationships.The study aimed to identify the relationship between job stress and nurses’ demographical characteristics.
Materials and Method: Aquantives descriptive study was applied study to determine job stress for nurses in Akre teaching hospitals in Dohuk city. About 75 nurses participants from two hospitals, Gulan General Teaching Hospital and from Akre General Emergency Teaching Hospital were chosen randomly. A questionnaire is constructed by researchers is divided into two sections, the 1st section is the demographical characteristics of nurses and the 2nd section consists of 23 items about job stress.
Results: The study shows that high percentage of the study population where less than 30 years old and most of them married and male the findings show that 61.3% of nurses where graduated from medical instituted. the study revealed that 61.3% of the sample had less than seven years of experience. The finding displayed that there is a significant difference between job stress among nurs’s age, years experience, Position, Marital status and Salary, While there is no significant difference in relation to Education levels ,Setting, Gender and Hospital..
Conclusion: The results revealed that the young, single and new employed with low salaries nurses suffer from job stress more than the older, married, wide experienced senior nurses. And all the sample have follow almost the same curriculum and instructions to deal with stress in the hospitals.
Recommendations: The researchers reommnded for improving the working conditions of workers in sectors of a humanitarian nature, including a sector education and nursing sector so that their employees can provide better services .

ASSESSMENTS 0F THE APPLICATION OF NURSING PROCESS IN SURGICAL WARDS

Munther Natheer AL-Fattah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 50-59
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162875

The nursing process is a  problem-solving framework that enables the nursing staff to plan their care for a patents and clients as an individual  or  group basis . This requires nurses to be accountable for the care that they prescribe with care deliver and to keep clear and accurate records of the discussions .Today, one’s ability to use the nursing process is governed by the standards for pre-registration  for any nursing education as outline.
The present study aimed at utilize the nursing process in Mosul teaching hospitals
The initial sample consisted of  (42) nurses  whose were   selected randomly  from surgical and emergency  units at Mosul teaching Hospitals .
the period of data collection for this  study was carried out  from 20-1-2019 until  20-2-2019 . in Ibn-Sina and AL-Jamhuori teaching hospitals.
The results shows a highly significant of all assessment for applications of nursing process at p. value (0.05) 
In conclusions of this study The nursing process it's very important to enhancing the quality of care especially at surgical field and The highly significant number for all elements of nursing process. Furthermore, the nursing staff cant not be able to make any management without nursing process.
Thus the researcher put some recommendations for the current study such as ;the nursing process case sheet should be putting in patient case folder  , to evaluate the patient and his health status systematically, the nursing staff  and health care team  must be educating to how could they using  nursing process and updating, surgical wards should be formulate a time table for all clients to guide them about their care as a schedules .The head of nursing staff  as a adviser must be enrolled with conferences and educations centers to discuss the implementation of nursing process .
Keywords: nursing care plan, recommender system, data mining.