About Journal

Mosul Journal of Nursing is an international,quarterly, peer reviewed,open access scientific journal that seeks to promote the development and exchange of knowledge that is directly relevant to all spheres of nursing practice. Journal content includes clinical topics, integrative or systematic literature reviews, research, and practice improvement initiatives that provide nurses globally with implications for translation of new knowledge into practice. The journal welcomes studies that aim to evaluate and understand complex health care interventions and health policies and which employ the...
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Knowledge of Mothers regarding Premature Baby Care in Mosul city

Salwa Hazim AL-Mukhtar; Mohammed faris Abdulghani

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 108-118
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.165620

Background: Premature babies, those born very early, often have complicated and medical problems. Typically, complications of prematurity are varying. The premature baby has a higher risk of complications. The baby will likely need a more extended hospital stay in a special nursery unit at the hospital, depending on how much care requires. Mother is faced with numerous challenges by experiencing a premature birth; therefore, knowing about the mother's efforts and knowledge regarding premature infants. The present study was carried out to explore the mothers' knowledge regarding prematurely born infants.
Patients and methods: This survey was conducted amongst 100 mothers visiting the Al Khansa Hospital and Ibn Al-Atheer, both hospital, specialized in the maternity and pediatric. The collection of data was done for the period of 15th November 2019 until 28th February 2020. A questionnaire form consisting of multiple-choice questions about knowledge about infant premature health was distributed to the volunteer mothers. The data was compiled and analyzed statistically. A Chi-Squair was used in data analysis resulted.
Results: Inthe present study, 53% of mothers scored 50 or less (poor knowledge), showing inadequate knowledge about infant premature health. Mother’s knowledge about infant premature health showed a significant positive correlation with her education, the order of childbirth, age at childbirth, and socioeconomic status (P-value<0.001).
Conclusion: The present study concludes that mothers have inadequate knowledge of premature infant health. Factors like mother's education, birth order of the child, mother's age at childbirth, and her socioeconomic status are related to the mother's knowledge
Keywords: mother knowledge, care of the baby, premature baby

Effectiveness of an Educational Program on Nurses Knowledge toward Leukemic Patients at Kirkuk Oncology Center in Kirkuk City

Shelan Hasan Abdullah; Khalida Mohammed Khudhur

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 119-126
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.165698

Objective:  To evaluate the effectiveness of an education program on nurses knowledge toward leukemia in Kirkuk Oncology center
Methodology: Quasi-experimental study carried out among 30 nurses at oncology center, the data collected by using questionnaire consisted of 43 items.
Results: 70% of the study group at age (20-29) years, 50% of them were males and females, Graduate Nursing Institute. They had low level of knowledge at pretest the grand mean was (1.25) and at posttest the level of knowledge improve to moderate level (1.6) after implementation of an educational program.
Conclusion: Nurses had un adequate knowledge about leukemia. Therefore it is need to identify the gap of knowledge and initiate training session to improve their information.
Recommendations: nurses had un adequate knowledge about leukemia. Therefore it is need to identify the gap of knowledge and initiate training session to improve their information.
Key words: effectiveness- education program- nurses knowledge- leukemic patients.

Assessing the risk factors for cytomegalovirus and prediction the relationship between abortion and virus in Kirkuk City Hospitals

Salwa Hazim Ghailan; Samira Shokir Mohammed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 127-141
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.166078

Background: Cytomegalovirus belongs to the Herpesviridae family of subfamily Betahrpesvirnae. CMV is one of the major causes of perinatal and congenital viral infection. Also can cause spontaneous abortion in pregnant women in the first trimester of gestation.
Objective: To identify the relationship between CMV and women’s demographic variables of age, parity, occupation, residence and socioeconomic status etc. To determine the prevalence rate of CMV in aborted women in the 1st trimester. To assess the relationship between abortion and CMV. To determine anti CMV IgM and IgG in women after abortion. To find out the consequences of risk factorsof CMV on fetus and maternal.
Methodology: A descriptive correlational design was used in this study. Data were collected from three maternity hospitals in Kirkuk city. A convenience sample of (100) aborted women in the first trimester of gestation were selected in this study, who were admitted in maternity hospitals. A questionnaire designed about assess the risk factors for cytomegalovirus and prediction the relationship between abortion and virus. Assessment tool was constructed by the researcher after extensive review of previous studies and relevant literature. The study instrument consists of two main parts; part one was Demographic data for. And the part two include (Test result and Risk factors for cytomegalovirus on pregnant women). The data were
described statistically and analyzed through the use of descriptive and inferential statistical analysis procedures
Results: The prevalence rate of CMV IgG seropositivity was reported (37%), while the prevalence rate of CMV IgM seropositive results was lower (1%). The majority of the study sample was within middle age group (26 – 36 years, live in urban areas, housewives, Barely
Sufficient economic status and Consanguineous). There is significant correlation of CMV and (abortion, stillbirths, Age at Menarche, Regularity of Menstrual Cycle, Age at Married, Interval between last pregnancy & present Pregnancy, Causes of Abortion, Number of Para,
Type of Previous Delivery to Present Delivery, IgG & IgM Test Results).
Conclusion: CMVI showed significant effects on the abortion rates among pregnant women in the first trimester of gestation. In this study the socio-economic status of the tested women has no significant effects on the rates of anti-CMV IgG and IgM seropositive results.
 Keywords: Cytomegalovirus, prevalence rate of CMV, anti-CMV IgG and IgM, risk factors of CMV

Laparoscopic and open varicocelectomies advantages and disadvantages with subsequent Fertility recovery results

suhel Mawlood Najjar

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 142-146
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.166199

Background and Objectives:
With laparoscopic varicocelectomy (LVV) invention, controversial ideas are developed regarding choosing the preferable method for surgical management of varicocele; accordingly, various comparative studies are required to evaluate safer and more productive technique. This study is aimed in observation of validity of both laparoscopic and inguinal open methods and their efficiency in producing fruitful male fertility progression.
Cases and methods:
This study is performed in a period of one-year (2017-2018), during which (60) cases of infertility due to varicocele pathophysiological consequences collected by simple random method. Of these (32) cases were laparoscopically managed (Group 1) and the other (28) cases managed by open inguinal method (Group 2). In these patients the basal spermatic analysis performed the parameters were below normal values.  The presences of varicoceles were proved clinically and by ultrasound Doppler studies. The varicocelectomy operations for non-fertile purposes were excluded from study. The follow up carried on two monthly intervals for next (6) months by clinical examinations, US and BSA. Statistically SPSS version package 24 is used; presented data are used.
Results:
The included ages were (24 to 43) years. In (51) cases only left side and in (9) cases were bilateral (VV). Postoperative follow up showed an acute rising of motility and quality of sperms after 4-8 weeks period among laparoscopic group and reached minimum normal level at the end of 24 weeks and 9 (28.13%) cases achieved conception in the first year. In the 
opened group the changes were slow and remained for 24 weeks to achieve wanted normal parameters and 11 (39.3%) cases achieved conception. Laparoscopic group operative duration was (42±5) minutes for unilateral and (60±8) minutes for bilateral, while in open group operation duration was (35± 5) minutes for unilateral and (50±5) minutes in bilateral. Regarding postoperative complications in laparoscopic group were; less painful, less disabling, least trauma, scars and complications.
Conclusions:
The laparoscopic varicocelectomy is promising method of treating varicocele for abnormal sperm parameters, uni or bilateral same ports approachability for especially in subclinical varicoceles.  LVV was safer than open method from various points of but longer operation duration. However open group conceptive outcomes observed more beneficial than LVV.
Key words; varicocelectomy- inguinal - Laparoscopic.  Fertility.    

Awareness of pain among Nurses

Abd-Alrahman Hussein Salih; Refai Yassein Al-Hussein; Ahmed Abd-Allah Al-Sabaawi

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 147-153
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.166258

Nurses have a key role in effective pain management, the nurse's accurate assessment, prompt intervention and adaptation of pain relief measures are necessary for positive patient outcomes.  This cross-sectional study carried out to highlight awareness of pain for its' importance to nurses. A convenience sample of (107) nurse selected randomly from four teaching hospitals in Nineveh Governorate through the period "December/2009-March/2010". Knowledge and Attitude Survey regarding Pain tool had been used n collecting data from the subjects which was self-administered through interview with each subject in the workplace. The main findings were; "Mean scores of correct answers= 15.65 ± 2.52, Total= 57.63, Percentage= 57.63%, Range= 40.74% - 85.19%", the workplace scores statistical significant differences with awareness as a ward or as a hospital working in. The study concluded that overall awareness was good as a total or as domains except patients' behavior domain while it recommended to include the educational curriculum by pharmacological area, patient assessment and integration of knowledge about pain into daily practice.
Keywords: Awareness, Pain, Nurse.

Nursing Quality Monitoring In Pediatric Surgery Center In Al-Khansa Teaching Hospital

Abdulrhman Hussein Salih AL-Hadeedi

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 154-164
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.166259

A descriptive analytical study was conducted through out the period between the first of November 2005 to the first of August 2006 in order to assess the practice of the nursing staff in the Pediatric Surgery Center in AL-Khansa' Teaching Hospital in Mosul. The sample of study included all the nursing staff working in the Pediatric Surgery Center (20 nurses). After directing an open-end question to (13) professionals medical staff and nurses working in the center to address the nursing activities carried out in center wards, the most common nursing activities were selected (Dressing, Intravenous infusion, placing intravenous cannula, checking axillary temperature, and intravenous drug administration). The reliability of the observational tool was determined through the application of test-retest technique and computation of Pearson Correlation Coefficient (r=0.93), the content validity of tool is determined through a panel of experts. The finding of study indicated that (95%) of nursing staff were males, and (10%)were graduates of Nursing College, while the remaining nurses graduated equally from Secondary School and Nursing Institute. The analysis of variance of study subject showed no-significant differences according to age, marital status, training session, level of education, and work in special department. When reviewing the mean of scores of the steps for all the procedures, it showed that the basic steps of each nursing procedure which may be shared among all procedures fluctuated among excellent, acceptable and weak measures with strong tendency to weakness. The study concluded that there are intense shortage in nursing staff, threatening of the feministic nursing staff, and continuous learning and training programs were not active and dependency on low nursing educational levels. The study recommended the necessity of staff to be highly qualified through activation of continuous learning and training, also the center should be provided by a sufficient number of nursing staff especially females, and the activation of nursing job description is necessary. Key word : QUALITY ، MONITORING ، PEDIATRIC ، SURGERY

Assessment of School Phobia Among Elementary Students in Nineveh Governorate

taha Khudhur Ali; Rifaie Yaseen Hameed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 165-176
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.166982

School phobia is one of the most common symptoms among children in the elementary stage, which affects their psychological, social and scientific formation, as the child expresses his fear of coming to this strange environment and reflects this in a set of psychological and physical symptoms.
A descriptive study design carried out to assess school phobia among elementary school students in Nineveh Governorate during the period from September 1, 2019 to August 10, 2020. The sample of the study consisted of (806) elementary school pupils selected randomly from many elementary schools from inside and outside Mosul city which selected by stratified method. Data were gathered by a structured questionnaire based on previous studies and sources related to the research topic. It composed of two main parts; Demographic data and expected reasons or causes behind the phenomenon of the study. Its validity was checked through the opinions of (16) experts, and its reliability was measured by applying it to (50) students who were excluded from the main sample of the research, its value was (0.71). Data were collected through personal interview with each pupil in order to address the causes of the fear from the school, while the pupils’ commitment to the school and absenteeism from it was checked by reviewing each pupil’s file in the school. The interview was carried out by the researcher himself or by one of the teams of teachers assisting the researcher after their approval and engagement if the study. The study found a positive relationship between fear of school and fear from colleagues. The study concluded that there are large numbers of pupils in the schools, also in comparing with the numbers of teachers. High rate of absenteeism from the school among females. The study recommends building more schools in the governorate, establishing an educational and psychological counselling programs to deal with the phenomenon of fear, refusal and truancy from the school.  Also, the school administrations, personnel and teachers should create an appropriate school atmosphere based on dealing with pupils equally without differences, caring for them and follow up their academic levels, as well as working to control the school's surroundings and prevent any transgression and bullying among pupils and create the spirit of intimacy, love and cooperation among them.

Risk Factors for Congenital Heart Disease Among Infants In Mosul City

Qusay Ahmed Attia; Riyadh Abdulatif Al-Obeidi

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 176-185
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.167033

Background: Congenital Heart Disease(CHD) is a problem of the heart's structure with its function at birth and it is the most common congenital anomaly . Etiology of congenital heart diseases are often unknown . However, many cases of CHD may result from genetic factors, environmental stimuli as well as chromosomal abnormalities  . Our study aimed to assess the degree of association of suggestive risk factors with the occurrence of congenital heart disease in infants at pediatric teaching hospitals ,in Mosul .
Materials and Methods  : A case-control prospective study  was carried out at pediatric teaching hospitals in Mosul city (Ibn Al Atheer and Al Khansaa Hospitals)on infant   ≤ 12 month of age with congenital heart diseases, who attended the pediatric cardiology units during 3 months from November 2019 to February 2020. To collect the data, a questionnaire was performed through interviews with parents of enrolled infant n= 557 (cases n= 272,controls n=285).
Results :   Residence of rural area , poverty , housewife mothers , parental low level of education ,  parental consanguinity, use of contraceptive measures, gestational diabetes, prematurity , low birth weight ,twins and caesarean section  have  significant associations with the occurrence of CHD .
Conclusions: Significant association were found between  prematurity ,low birth weight, twins, caesarian section,  positive family history for CHD, low parental education and poverty, and  the development of CHD.
Key words : Congenital heart disease, risk factors, infants, parents .

Impact of Instruction Booklet on Nurses Knowledge Regard Hepatitis B & C Among Children in Mosul City

Omar Khairuldeen Khalid; Mazin Mahmoud Fawzi

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 186-194
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.167034

Background: Hepatitis (HBV & HCV)  a worldwide public health problem distressing millions of people annually.  Millions of people are living with viral hepatitis & other millions are at risk.  About ((1.3) million deaths annually result of acute hepatitis infection related liver cancer & cirrhosis. Therefore, the nurse's knowledge regard HBV & HCV influences the nature & quality of care that is given to the patient.
Objectives:  The study targeted to assess the nurse's knowledge regarding viral hepatitis B & C, evaluate the efficiency of information booklet on nurse's knowledge about viral hepatitis B & C & learn the connection between the scores of post  test & demographic variables selected.
Subjects & methods: A pre experimental design of the study method was adopted, one group pre & post test. The study was conducted between 70 nurses conveniently selected from pediatric hospitals in Mosul city. Content validity was determined by presenting the items to a panel of scientific experts.
Results: Pretest was conducted & the information booklet was distributed. The post test was implemented after 14 day. The data analyzed by using differential & inferential statistics. The mean score of pre-test knowledge (11.1571) the mean score of post-test knowledge (20.2857) was apparently greater than the pre-test, recommending that the information booklet was impact in increasing the knowledge of the nurse's regarding HBV & HCV. The mean enhancement in the knowledge was (9.1286) among pre-test & post-test knowledge score of the nurse's was found to be high significant. Conclusion the mean knowledge of post-test score is statistical significant higher than the mean knowledge of pre-test score so information booklet was effective.
Recommendations: The study recommends that self-learning module was highly impact in increase of nurse's knowledge about HBV & HCV in pediatric hospitals in Mosul city.
Key words: HBV & HCV, Effectiveness of  Information booklet, Nurse's knowledge.

Impact of using electronic games on psychological domain of adolescents quality of life in Kirkuk secondary schools

Huda Faeeq Mohammed; Eqbal Ghanim Ali

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 195-201
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.167035

Objectives: to identify the impact of using electronic games on psychological domain of adolescents quality of life and find out relationship between socio demographic variables and psychological domain
Methods: A descriptive study conducted among 300 adolescents using electronic games and the data collected by using questionnaire contain the sociodemographic characteristics and 9 items related to psychological domains.
Results: most of adolescents whom using electronic games were males and at age between (15-16) years and most of them from moderate level of socioeconomic status. They had poor level of psychological status when evaluated, the mean was (1.82).
Conclusion: increase using of video games had negative effect on quality of life (psychological domain).
Recommendation: it’s important to follow up of adolescents quality of life and encourage them to using physical activity and social relationship and decrease using the video games
Key words: Impact, Using electronic games, Psychological domain, Adolescents, Quality of life

Can Collegians' Mental Health Beliefs Determine Their Readiness to Seek Mental Health Services? A Descriptive Predictive Study

Roaa Majed Dawood; Mohammed Baqer Habeeb Abd Ali

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 202-212
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.167036

A descriptive predictive design was used to guide this study, which mainly aims to identify students' readiness to seek mental health services (MHS).  The study was conducted at different universities across Iraq by an online survey.  The study included a convenience sample of 460 university students.  Data were collected through using a self-reported online survey for the period from October 28th, 2019 to March 30th, 2020. The study instrument includes the sociodemographic sheet and the Mental Health Belief Model Assessment, which assesses the six constructs of the HBM: Perceived Susceptibility, Perceived Severity, Perceived Benefits, Perceived Barriers, Self-Efficacy, and Fears. The study results revealed that less than a fifth reported that they experienced a mental health problem (n = 72; 15.7%). There are associations between students’ Perceived Severity of MDs, their families’ socioeconomic status, and their readiness to seek mental health services (r = .015; .008) respectively. The researchers recommend that there is a need to establish community-based health education activities that focus on raising the public’s awareness of the extreme importance of seeking mental health services. Moreover, mental health professionals in Iraq need to launch as many mental health education activities as possible to consolidate the public’s rapport and trust with them.
Keywords: Mental Disorders- Mental Health- College students- Stigma- Mental Health Beliefs-Mental health services

Family Caregivers Burden and Coping strategies for Patient With Schizophrenia in Mosul City

Lara Kifah Noori; Safeya Adeeb Ebrahim

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 112-121
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.167118

Background, The family, remains the primary source of care for the patient with schizophrenia, having a patient with schizophrenia in a family also affects the roles and interactions within the family.
Objectives: The objectives of the present study are to study the demographical data of the caregivers and to identify coping strategies and burden in family caregivers of schizophrenic patients as well as the effect of such a burden on the quality of health caring provided by family caregivers.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was done on 105  family caregivers of schizophrenic patients, the study was carried out from 15th October 2019 through 30th  July 2020. The data were collected through the use of Caregiver Burden Scale and Coping Strategies Scale through the interview with relatives of the patient. This study was conducted in psychiatry consultant and psychiatric lounges in Ibn Sina Teaching Hospital in Mosul city.  The study Instrument consists of four parts; was the demographic data for the patient,  part two demographic data for the caregivers,  part three use the Caregiver Burden Scale, and part four use the coping scale.
Results : The mean age of the caregivers (26-36) years. Most of the caregivers were male. The economic level of caregivers did not influence the burden score. Caregivers reported their family burden the overall total score is (55), which mean a moderate to severe burden according to the caregiver burden scale(41-60), which represent (74.3%) of the caregivers.
Conclusion : The study concludedthe mean of burden was moderate to severe. There were significant differences between females and males; females had a higher subjective burden and males had a higher objective burden. No significant differences were found between participants according to their age in all burden types. 
Recommendations : The study recommended psychiatric nursing intervention should be focused on the need of the caregivers and an emphasis placed on community care for mentally ill patients as well as family intervention. Mental health professionals should increase attention to the caregivers in addition to the patients and develop more programs for families; they should be provided social support, especially by healthcare professionals, and they should also be provided psychoeducation. Further studies should examine the association between patients’ characteristics and level of burden, and to explore models of family interventions.
Key words : Caregivers Burden , Coping strategies, Schizophrenia

Knowledge of Mothers Towards Exclusive Breastfeeding in Erbil's Maternity Hospital

Masood Abdulkareem Abdulrahman; Zara Ahmed Saleh

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 122-134
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.167137

Abstract
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is defined as “an infant’s consumption of human milk with no supplementation of any type (no water, no nonhuman milk, and no foods) except for vitamins, minerals, and medications until six months. Mothers’ lack of knowledge and experience often results in difficulties in feeding especially when feeding the first time and it may result in the most frustrating experience for the mothers. The main aim of the study was to assess knowledge, towards breastfeeding among mothers attending Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil city.
Subjects and methods:  A cross-sectional design was used to achieve study objectives in Erbil Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil city, a non-random consecutive sampling method was adopted and the researcher was planned to involve one thousand mothers those were undergoing delivery regardless the type of delivery
Results: 73.7%  of mothers have Knowledge about the benefits of BF for mothers and her baby but they don’t have good information about EBF about, and 74.1% of mothers thought EBF meaning feeding baby with breast milk and water and 13.7 were EBF. Up to 62% of mothers know that first breastfeeding has to be initiated after 1 hour of child life, half of the mothers know that child needs 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding. There was a relation between mother occupation and education level.
Conclusion: Mothers have positive knowledge concerning breastfeeding initiation,  knowledge regarding the exclusivity of breastfeeding, and duration of breastfeeding. There was a significant statistical association between occupation status and educational level of mothers
Keywords: Knowledge, exclusive breastfeeding, Erbil maternity hospital

ASSESSMENTS 0F THE APPLICATION OF NURSING PROCESS IN SURGICAL WARDS

Munther Natheer AL-Fattah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 50-59
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162875

The nursing process is a  problem-solving framework that enables the nursing staff to plan their care for a patents and clients as an individual  or  group basis . This requires nurses to be accountable for the care that they prescribe with care deliver and to keep clear and accurate records of the discussions .Today, one’s ability to use the nursing process is governed by the standards for pre-registration  for any nursing education as outline.
The present study aimed at utilize the nursing process in Mosul teaching hospitals
The initial sample consisted of  (42) nurses  whose were   selected randomly  from surgical and emergency  units at Mosul teaching Hospitals .
the period of data collection for this  study was carried out  from 20-1-2019 until  20-2-2019 . in Ibn-Sina and AL-Jamhuori teaching hospitals.
The results shows a highly significant of all assessment for applications of nursing process at p. value (0.05) 
In conclusions of this study The nursing process it's very important to enhancing the quality of care especially at surgical field and The highly significant number for all elements of nursing process. Furthermore, the nursing staff cant not be able to make any management without nursing process.
Thus the researcher put some recommendations for the current study such as ;the nursing process case sheet should be putting in patient case folder  , to evaluate the patient and his health status systematically, the nursing staff  and health care team  must be educating to how could they using  nursing process and updating, surgical wards should be formulate a time table for all clients to guide them about their care as a schedules .The head of nursing staff  as a adviser must be enrolled with conferences and educations centers to discuss the implementation of nursing process .
Keywords: nursing care plan, recommender system, data mining.

Assessment of Nursing staff’s Knowledge and Practice regarding Care of Premature Babies in Mosul Teaching Hospitals

Qusay Norry Mohammed; Bakir Faris Alsawaf

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2016, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 70-73
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2016.160039

Background and aim: Premature is a live born infant delivered before 37 weeks from the first day of last menstrual period .It accounts for the largest number of admissions to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) . Premature infants can develop a range of problems because their organs are not mature enough. The proper nursing care of premature baby should be established by good nursing performances . The purpose of this study is to assess of nursing staff knowledge and practice regarding care of premature babies in Mosul Hospitals in the (Premature babies units).
Materials and method: A descriptive design carried throughout the period 2nd of December 2013 to March 2nd 2014 employing quantitative research methods to attain the results. The sample of the study was a non-probability purposive sampling which included all the nurses working in the premature units in these four Hospitals the sample consisted of (60) nurses (females).The data were analyzed using the statistical package for social science (SPSS) program version 17 throughout the application of descriptive statistic (frequency, mean, standard deviation and percentage) and inferential statistics (t-test and ANOVA-one way test).
Results: The findings of the study the Having diploma degree, being 40-49 years old, and more clinical experience Nurses in the Premature babies units increase neonatal nursing knowledge and practices.
Conclusions: There are significant differences between knowledge and practice of nursing staff about nursing care for premature babies with regard to age, level of education, and duration of work. Having diploma degree, being 40-49 years old, and more clinical experience in premature babies units increase neonatal nursing knowledge and practices. Recommendation: The study recommends preparing, Nurses should update their knowledge and practice through training courses and training programs for nursing care for premature baby in order to improve their skills and performing statistics by ministry of health of Iraq on the number of premature births in the country in order to reduce this phenomenon and finding appropriate solutions to the problems.

Nurses’ Knowledge about Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation in Mosul City

Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed; Nasir Mufaq Youns; Ahmed Ali Hussein

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 49-53
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160051

Background and Objectives: Resuscitation in hospitals and health care facilities, refers to prompt actions aimed to prevent death and providing the best possible chances for human survival. The study aims to assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to identify the relationship between nurses' knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation and some demographic variables (age, gender, educational level, work place and years of experience).
Material and method: A descriptive study design was adapted to assess the knowledge of the nurses regarding CPR. The sample of the study consist of (122) nurses, (26) female, and (96) male who works in Iben-Sena and Al-Zahrawe teaching hospitals in Mosul City. The sample of the study was selected in the simple random method. Data were collected by using a questionnaire throughout an interview technique. The questionnaire consists of two parts, Part one consists of (5 items) includes some demographic data including age, gender, educational level, work place and previous experience. Part two consists of (23 items) include questions that assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Data were analyzed and calculated by using SPSS program.
Results: The nurses' knowledge score regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation record low, (27.942%), and standard deviation (0.609).
Conclusion: The present study reveals that the nurses have poor knowledge regarding the CPR techniques and there are no significant difference between nurses' knowledge about cardio pulmonary resuscitation with demographic characteristics except work place and gender.

Assessment of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Akre Teaching Hospitals

Mohanned Khaleel Abdullah; Zikri Mahmood Mirza; Shevan Younis Othman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2018, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 20-32
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160079

Background and Aim: The phenomenon of Job Stress remains a reality that touches on different areas of work with inequality. Sources and levels of pressure from one field to another, particularly affecting the humanitarian field as it has proved. Many studies compare careers, under the study of job stress in particular the fields of teaching and nursing as they involve a number of tasks and responsibilities relationships.The study aimed to identify the relationship between job stress and nurses’ demographical characteristics.
Materials and Method: Aquantives descriptive study was applied study to determine job stress for nurses in Akre teaching hospitals in Dohuk city. About 75 nurses participants from two hospitals, Gulan General Teaching Hospital and from Akre General Emergency Teaching Hospital were chosen randomly. A questionnaire is constructed by researchers is divided into two sections, the 1st section is the demographical characteristics of nurses and the 2nd section consists of 23 items about job stress.
Results: The study shows that high percentage of the study population where less than 30 years old and most of them married and male the findings show that 61.3% of nurses where graduated from medical instituted. the study revealed that 61.3% of the sample had less than seven years of experience. The finding displayed that there is a significant difference between job stress among nurs’s age, years experience, Position, Marital status and Salary, While there is no significant difference in relation to Education levels ,Setting, Gender and Hospital..
Conclusion: The results revealed that the young, single and new employed with low salaries nurses suffer from job stress more than the older, married, wide experienced senior nurses. And all the sample have follow almost the same curriculum and instructions to deal with stress in the hospitals.
Recommendations: The researchers reommnded for improving the working conditions of workers in sectors of a humanitarian nature, including a sector education and nursing sector so that their employees can provide better services .

BLOOD TRANSFUSION KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES AMONG NURSES IN KIRKUK CITY HOSPITALS

Shelan Qahraman Shakor; Hewa Sattar Salih

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 14-24
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.164622

Background: Red blood cell transfusions are commonly used in palliative care to treat anemia or symptoms caused by anemia. In patients with advanced disease, there is little evidence of benefit to guide treatment decisions in the face of increased risk of harms. Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge and practices of nurses about blood transfusion for adult patients in Kirkuk city hospitals.
Methods: A purposive study design was conducted in the period from 1st June 2019 to 15th November 2019. the sample includes (80) nurses who were working at (Gynecology and obstetrics, General medicine, General surgery, intensive care unit, Oncology at Azadi teaching hospital, and Kirkuk general hospital.
Results: The number of nurses’ who included in the study was (35%) worked in Gynecology and obstetrics, (25%) worked in General medicine, General surgery, (10%) worked in the intensive care unit, (5%) Oncology, generally nurses had a low level of knowledge but showed best practice level.
Conclusions: The findings showed that the nurses' knowledge of blood transfusion was insufficient which could be detrimental to patient safety, also practice Was optimal in Kirkuk city hospitals
Recommendation: Nurses have the responsibility to update their knowledge and skills in carrying out blood transfusion. The tool developed in this study may be useful for educators and managers to identify gaps in knowledge and inform decisions to address them.
Keywords: Blood transfusion, Knowledge, Practice.

ASSESSMENTS 0F THE APPLICATION OF NURSING PROCESS IN SURGICAL WARDS

Munther Natheer AL-Fattah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 50-59
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162875

The nursing process is a  problem-solving framework that enables the nursing staff to plan their care for a patents and clients as an individual  or  group basis . This requires nurses to be accountable for the care that they prescribe with care deliver and to keep clear and accurate records of the discussions .Today, one’s ability to use the nursing process is governed by the standards for pre-registration  for any nursing education as outline.
The present study aimed at utilize the nursing process in Mosul teaching hospitals
The initial sample consisted of  (42) nurses  whose were   selected randomly  from surgical and emergency  units at Mosul teaching Hospitals .
the period of data collection for this  study was carried out  from 20-1-2019 until  20-2-2019 . in Ibn-Sina and AL-Jamhuori teaching hospitals.
The results shows a highly significant of all assessment for applications of nursing process at p. value (0.05) 
In conclusions of this study The nursing process it's very important to enhancing the quality of care especially at surgical field and The highly significant number for all elements of nursing process. Furthermore, the nursing staff cant not be able to make any management without nursing process.
Thus the researcher put some recommendations for the current study such as ;the nursing process case sheet should be putting in patient case folder  , to evaluate the patient and his health status systematically, the nursing staff  and health care team  must be educating to how could they using  nursing process and updating, surgical wards should be formulate a time table for all clients to guide them about their care as a schedules .The head of nursing staff  as a adviser must be enrolled with conferences and educations centers to discuss the implementation of nursing process .
Keywords: nursing care plan, recommender system, data mining.

Assessment of Patients Knowledge about Gastritis at General Kirkuk Hospital in Kirkuk City

Qasim Hussein Mohammed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2015, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 49-54
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2015.160020

Background and aim: Gastritis (inflammation of the gastric or stomach mucosa) is a common GI problem. Gastritis may be acute, lasting several hours to a few days, or chronic, resulting from repeated exposure to irritating agents or recurring episodes of acute gastritis). The aim of the study to assessment of patient Knowledge regarding gastritis at General Kirkuk Hospital in Kirkuk city.
Materials and method: descriptive study was carried out on gastritis patients at General Kirkuk hospital in Kirkuk city from the beginning from (10th of June 2013 to5th May 2014) in order to assess knowledge concerning gastritis ,non- probability sampling convenience sample of (50) patients .The data was collected through the application of constructed questionnaire with consist of three parts and were used (SPSS). The Data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical the frequencies (F), percentage (%), and mean of score.
Results : (74%) of the samples (35>) years old, (76%) of them were male, (54%) of the samples were illiterate, (62%) of them were house wife, (88%) of the samples were married, 40%) of them were (4-6) Working hour per day , 32%) of them have history of hypertension,(72%) of the sample had no family history of gastritis, (66%) of them no smoker, (78%) of them had continuous stress.
Conclusion: type of the patients gender the highest age that having gastritis is (female), almost highest rate of the sample revealed illiterate of the patient. Majority of the sample show housewife occupational of patient. Almost majority of the sample showed that most of patient was married, The highest rate of patient who having gastritis was complain from chronic disease. The majority of samples were having continuous stress, The highest rate of patient was having good knowledge about medical treatment instruct the people about avoiding taking any medication without physician order.
Recommendation: Advice the people to take healthy diet and avoid irritant food, and decrease stress.

ASSESSMENTS 0F THE APPLICATION OF NURSING PROCESS IN SURGICAL WARDS

Munther Natheer AL-Fattah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 50-59
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162875

The nursing process is a  problem-solving framework that enables the nursing staff to plan their care for a patents and clients as an individual  or  group basis . This requires nurses to be accountable for the care that they prescribe with care deliver and to keep clear and accurate records of the discussions .Today, one’s ability to use the nursing process is governed by the standards for pre-registration  for any nursing education as outline.
The present study aimed at utilize the nursing process in Mosul teaching hospitals
The initial sample consisted of  (42) nurses  whose were   selected randomly  from surgical and emergency  units at Mosul teaching Hospitals .
the period of data collection for this  study was carried out  from 20-1-2019 until  20-2-2019 . in Ibn-Sina and AL-Jamhuori teaching hospitals.
The results shows a highly significant of all assessment for applications of nursing process at p. value (0.05) 
In conclusions of this study The nursing process it's very important to enhancing the quality of care especially at surgical field and The highly significant number for all elements of nursing process. Furthermore, the nursing staff cant not be able to make any management without nursing process.
Thus the researcher put some recommendations for the current study such as ;the nursing process case sheet should be putting in patient case folder  , to evaluate the patient and his health status systematically, the nursing staff  and health care team  must be educating to how could they using  nursing process and updating, surgical wards should be formulate a time table for all clients to guide them about their care as a schedules .The head of nursing staff  as a adviser must be enrolled with conferences and educations centers to discuss the implementation of nursing process .
Keywords: nursing care plan, recommender system, data mining.

Knowledge, attitudes and practices for dialysis nursing staff regarding personal protection means from hospital acquired in Mousl hospital

Aayed ali Bny Uoda

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 91-99
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.163661

Background: This study intended to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding standard precautions concerning Hospital acquired protection (HAIs) among hemodialysis nurses in hemodialysis centers in Mosul
Methods: A descriptive study was carried out during the period from 18th  of February 2019until 14th of February 2019. A non – probability purposive sample consisting of 25 nurses.
Results: there were a total of 25 hemodialysis nurses in hemodialysis centers in Mosul. All agreed to participate in the study. Although72% of the nurses knew that their hands could be a source of infection associated with health care, only 36% of the nursing staff washed their hands before contacting another    used 92% by the nursing staff when contacting the patient in the dialysis unit and 40% of nursing staff also wore masks when contacting patient.
Gloves were actually used by 98% of the nurses. 46% of the nurses were usually wearing masks when contacting a patient. Books and journals were the main source of information about (HAI) among 52% of the nurses.
conclusions: The nurses' knowledge of healthcare-related illnesses did not fulfill this purpose because some of the nursing staff did not adhere to personal hygiene practices.
Recommendations: the necessary training programs for nurses in hemodialysis centers on the promotion of hygiene standards and optimal use of personal protection against hospital infection .
Keyword: Knowledge, attitude , practices , nursing staff, dialysis, hospital acquired, infections

Assessment of Hematological parameters of Young Male with Hookah Smoking in Rania City

Osamah Awad Ahmed; Barzan Mohammed Mohammed Ameen; Riyadh Zainadin Mawlood

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2016, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 49-55
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2016.160036

Background and aim: Hookah smoking is one of the major causes of cancer and cardiovascular diseases leading to millions of premature deaths each year all over the world. Scientists have identified about 4,000 different substances in tobacco all of which have certain degree of toxic effects, at least 43 of them known carcinogens. The aim of this study is to assess the extent of adverse effect of shisha on hematological parameters in male population of Rania City in Iraq.
Materials and Method: experimental study a purposive (non probability) sample of fifty-five male subjects participated in this study. The method of the study is the following; shisha smoker (n= 30) and non-smoker (n= 25). Fresh peripheral blood samples from healthy adult non-smokers and smokers (males) are collected and analyzed for Red Blood Cells (RBC) count, hemoglobin (Hb) content, packed cell volume PCV , MCV, MCH ,MCHC and RDW, total and differential leucocytes (WBC) counts and total platelets count and its parameters by using fully automatic hematological analyzer.
Results: The smokers of shisha have non-significantly higher level of Hb, HCT, RBCs, WBC count, LYM and platelets counts and its parameters while NUET is insignificantly down in smoker. However, MXD and MCHC are significantly lower in cigarette smokers than that of non-smokers. The present study clarifies that age have no significant effect on hematological parameters except LYM NUET, MID and MCV in smokers. The study shows that the duration of smoking has no significant effect on hematological parameters except LYM and NUET. The current result reveals number of smoking weekly has no significant effect on hematological parameters except NUET.
Conclusion: The study concludes that smoking alters hematological parameter that is injurious to health.

Prevalence of Mobile Phone Addiction among Students in Institute Technical of Kut

Sameeha Naser Abed; Rawaa Kamel Abd; Israa Dawood Salim; Nadia Abdul Razzaq Jamal

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 33-38
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160048

Background and aim: The mobile phones have considerably the new epidemic of this century .It is a two edge sword, it has both the positive and negative consequences. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of mobile phone addiction among students in institute technical of Kut, and also to determine significant demographic associations.
Materials and method: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was performed using a self-administered questionnaire on a sample of 380 randomly selected students. A survey was carried out in the 1st of April to the 1st of July 2017. Data analysis by using the Minitab, version 18.
Results: About 66% of the students were females. The overall prevalence of mobile phone addiction was 60% in studying students (35.37% among male and 64.63% among female), with large increases in both sexes aged less or equal twenty years (59.21%). There is no significant relationship between gender and demographic characteristics and there was no any significant relationship between demographic factors ) gender, residence, marital status, and employment status) with mobile phone addiction, while was a significant association between mobile phone addiction and age groups.
Conclusions: Overall female had more effects of mobile phone usage compared to male. Statistically significant difference was also observed for mobile phone addiction and age groups. There is a no significant relationship between demographic factors, gender, residence, marital status, and employment status with mobile phone use.
Recommendations: The recommendations of the present study are necessary to develop a mobile phone addiction preventive measure and controlling the mobile phone use. In addition to implementing effective education and intervention strategies such as behavior modification, the promotion of healthier free-time activities, and providing a healthy living environment around youths. Counseling programs are recommended for raising awareness of families concerning mobile phone use.