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Mosul Journal of Nursing is an international,quarterly, peer reviewed,open access scientific journal that seeks to promote the development and exchange of knowledge that is directly relevant to all spheres of nursing practice. Journal content includes clinical topics, integrative or systematic literature reviews, research, and practice improvement initiatives that provide nurses globally with implications for translation of new knowledge into practice. The journal welcomes studies that aim to evaluate and understand complex health care interventions and health policies and which employ the...
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Effect of cochlear implants in chidren on parental mental health in Mousl city

Ahmed Abdulla Aziz Alsamady

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 60-71
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162876

Cochlear implant is one of the treatments for deafness.      
child cochlear, purpsive sample their children have (CI) from hearing and speech rehabilitation centers in Mousl city. During  a peroid 10 january 2018  to 28 february 2019. The instrument depended in the study was  28-GHQ self- administered technique . The GHQ-28 is divided into four categories: somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and depression.
This questionnaire includes information about the operated child such as gender, age, date of birth, and also information about the parents, such as their age, job and family background
.Data were analyzed in several steps. First descriptive statistics, which include frequency
and percentages. The second step, which include inferential statistics Chi-Square test) ,the probability level depend in the present study  was p<0.05
the study concluded Mother and father were affected by psychological symptoms.
the study recommended Preparing a comprehensive extension program that is suitable for the size of the problem experienced by parents and families through psychological, social and financial support programs, participation of specialists and professionals, families of children with hearing. disabilities, and the development of suitable solutions for themdeveloping a child's language helps parents get rid of their anxiety, Provide advanced rehabilitation centers within the governorate and be more than a center rehabilitation and training of staff  working in the centers of rehabilitation,  Make the parents communicate fully with the manufacturers of the cochlear and make the center of the company in each province, providing the spare tools for planting Working on the opening of specialized centers for cochlear implantation to reduce cost.

Spatial and spatial analysis of the distribution of scools in the centerof Nineveh province

shaymaa Riyadh alnime; Radhwan Hussein Ibrahim

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 72-90
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.162888

The study examined the statistical analysis of educational services in Mosul city. The importance of this study is that it dealt with most important aspect of the society in which the process of progress and prosperity of education. The study relied on analytical descriptive method in analyzing the data collected from the concerned authorities e.g. Nineveh Directorate of Education by using the SPSS and GPS maps for the purpose of providing a good image of the distribution of a better place that may help decision-makers to find appropriate steps to develop the educational services. The study found that the percentage of male schools did not reach the percentage of female schools. The study also found that the number of schools in the right side of Mosul city is not proportional to the percentage of students numbers, and the percentage of teachers numbers are not suitable with the number of pupils, in contrast with the schools in the left side, which all these ratios are almost appropriate with the reality. The study recommended the need for attention by the concerned authorities to study the trends of population growth by selecting the best locations for new schools and the need to create a database for each educational institution and presented on the web pages of all schools and directorates of education.

Knowledge, attitudes and practices for dialysis nursing staff regarding personal protection means from hospital acquired in Mousl hospital

Aayed ali Bny Uoda

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 91-99
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.163661

Background: This study intended to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding standard precautions concerning Hospital acquired protection (HAIs) among hemodialysis nurses in hemodialysis centers in Mosul
Methods: A descriptive study was carried out during the period from 18th  of February 2019until 14th of February 2019. A non – probability purposive sample consisting of 25 nurses.
Results: there were a total of 25 hemodialysis nurses in hemodialysis centers in Mosul. All agreed to participate in the study. Although72% of the nurses knew that their hands could be a source of infection associated with health care, only 36% of the nursing staff washed their hands before contacting another    used 92% by the nursing staff when contacting the patient in the dialysis unit and 40% of nursing staff also wore masks when contacting patient.
Gloves were actually used by 98% of the nurses. 46% of the nurses were usually wearing masks when contacting a patient. Books and journals were the main source of information about (HAI) among 52% of the nurses.
conclusions: The nurses' knowledge of healthcare-related illnesses did not fulfill this purpose because some of the nursing staff did not adhere to personal hygiene practices.
Recommendations: the necessary training programs for nurses in hemodialysis centers on the promotion of hygiene standards and optimal use of personal protection against hospital infection .
Keyword: Knowledge, attitude , practices , nursing staff, dialysis, hospital acquired, infections

The Relation Between Stress Level and Nutritional Status Among Primary School Pupils in Mosul City

bayda abdulrazzaq yahya; Tameem Thamir Mayouf

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 100-108
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.163811

Background and Aim : Stress is now considered a common problem in children, it has been liked with both increased  and decreased dietary intake. The study aimed to identify the relationship between stress level and nutritional status among primary school pupils in Mosul City.
Materials and Methods : A cross-sectional study has been designed for a sample of children consist of (200) pupils from the primary schools in Mosul City, aged (10-13) years old. The study has been conducted from 1st of January to 30th of April 2019. Data were collected through the interview of the children which included the height and weight measurement which done in the classroom and then the questionnaire about demographic characteristics, stress level and dietary  intake were distributed for them to be answered by the one of child's parents. The data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis that included frequency, percentage and Chi square .
Results : The study indicated that the 78.5% of the children were 10-12 years old, 44.5% of them from moderate economic status , also show there are significant relationship between stress level and increase of weight, costumed saturated oils, meat, carbohydrate, low fruit and low vegetable intake at P-value=0.05.
Conclusion : This study found consistent association between stress level and unhealthy dietary intake. Pupils with higher stress had higher consumption of fat and sugar which lead to obesity .
Recommendations : Pay attention to the child by the family and school, reduce the psychological stress, he has by addressing his social problems and enhancing his self-confidence .
Key words : Stress level , Nutritional status, Dietary intake, Obesity.

Effect Of Job Stress On Job Satisfaction Among Nursing Staff In Sulimani Mental Health Hospitals

Kamal Jummah Ameen; Saman Anwar Faraj

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 109-119
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.164132

Background: Job stress is regarded as a harmful factor for both employees and organizations, which negatively affects the effectiveness of employees and efficiency of organizational performance.
Many of occupations are exposed to different types of stress in the work place environment. One of these occupations is nursing, which occupies essential role and vital parts of the effectiveness of health care system.
Objective: To investigate the relationship between the effect of job stress on job satisfaction for nurses.
Method: A descriptive study was conducted among nursing staff in mental health hospitals in Sulaimani. The process of the necessary data collection began from 25th May - 10th July 2016 and was obtained through self-report convenient sample of (75) nurses. They distributed in three hospitals Soz Mental Hospital, Shahid Salahi Muhandis Hospital and Mental Health Center / Teaching Hospital by using questionnaire were divided into three parts: First, socio-demographic characteristics consisted of eight items. Second, Expanded Nursing Stress Scale (ENSS). This consisted of (57) items ranged in nine sub scales. Third, Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS), which included 36 items in nine subscales. Descriptive data and inferential data were used for analysis. validity of the questionnaire was determined through panel of (11) experts in the different fields and work settings.
Results: The analysis of the data figured out that total average job stress among nursing staff at the mental hospitals was "Occasionally stressful- frequently stressful". The subscale death and dying from job stress took the highest level. Nursing staff had job satisfaction, subscale payment (salary) from job satisfaction took the lowest level. There were significant statistical relationships between level of job stress subscales and demographic characteristics except training course dimension. There was no statistical significant correlation between total ENSS and total JSS.
Conclusions: The death of the patients played an important role in perceiving job stress. The lack and delay in salary were a major factor of decreasing job satisfaction, although the level of job stress among nurses does not highly recorded. Also, most of the nurses were satisfied with their work.
Key words : Stress level , Job Satisfaction, Nursing Staff In Mental Health center

Nurses’ Knowledge about Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation in Mosul City

Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed; Nasir Mufaq Youns; Ahmed Ali Hussein

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 49-53
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160051

Background and Objectives: Resuscitation in hospitals and health care facilities, refers to prompt actions aimed to prevent death and providing the best possible chances for human survival. The study aims to assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to identify the relationship between nurses' knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation and some demographic variables (age, gender, educational level, work place and years of experience).
Material and method: A descriptive study design was adapted to assess the knowledge of the nurses regarding CPR. The sample of the study consist of (122) nurses, (26) female, and (96) male who works in Iben-Sena and Al-Zahrawe teaching hospitals in Mosul City. The sample of the study was selected in the simple random method. Data were collected by using a questionnaire throughout an interview technique. The questionnaire consists of two parts, Part one consists of (5 items) includes some demographic data including age, gender, educational level, work place and previous experience. Part two consists of (23 items) include questions that assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Data were analyzed and calculated by using SPSS program.
Results: The nurses' knowledge score regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation record low, (27.942%), and standard deviation (0.609).
Conclusion: The present study reveals that the nurses have poor knowledge regarding the CPR techniques and there are no significant difference between nurses' knowledge about cardio pulmonary resuscitation with demographic characteristics except work place and gender.

Assessment of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Akre Teaching Hospitals

Mohanned Khaleel Abdullah; Zikri Mahmood Mirza; Shevan Younis Othman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 19-29
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160079

Background and Aim: The phenomenon of Job Stress remains a reality that touches on different areas of work with inequality. Sources and levels of pressure from one field to another, particularly affecting the humanitarian field as it has proved. Many studies compare careers, under the study of job stress in particular the fields of teaching and nursing as they involve a number of tasks and responsibilities relationships.The study aimed to identify the relationship between job stress and nurses’ demographical characteristics.
Materials and Method: Aquantives descriptive study was applied study to determine job stress for nurses in Akre teaching hospitals in Dohuk city. About 75 nurses participants from two hospitals, Gulan General Teaching Hospital and from Akre General Emergency Teaching Hospital were chosen randomly. A questionnaire is constructed by researchers is divided into two sections, the 1st section is the demographical characteristics of nurses and the 2nd section consists of 23 items about job stress.
Results: The study shows that high percentage of the study population where less than 30 years old and most of them married and male the findings show that 61.3% of nurses where graduated from medical instituted. the study revealed that 61.3% of the sample had less than seven years of experience. The finding displayed that there is a significant difference between job stress among nurs’s age, years experience, Position, Marital status and Salary, While there is no significant difference in relation to Education levels ,Setting, Gender and Hospital..
Conclusion: The results revealed that the young, single and new employed with low salaries nurses suffer from job stress more than the older, married, wide experienced senior nurses. And all the sample have follow almost the same curriculum and instructions to deal with stress in the hospitals.
Recommendations: The researchers reommnded for improving the working conditions of workers in sectors of a humanitarian nature, including a sector education and nursing sector so that their employees can provide better services .

Effect of cochlear implants in chidren on parental mental health in Mousl city

Ahmed Abdulla Aziz Alsamady

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 60-71
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162876

Cochlear implant is one of the treatments for deafness.      
child cochlear, purpsive sample their children have (CI) from hearing and speech rehabilitation centers in Mousl city. During  a peroid 10 january 2018  to 28 february 2019. The instrument depended in the study was  28-GHQ self- administered technique . The GHQ-28 is divided into four categories: somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction and depression.
This questionnaire includes information about the operated child such as gender, age, date of birth, and also information about the parents, such as their age, job and family background
.Data were analyzed in several steps. First descriptive statistics, which include frequency
and percentages. The second step, which include inferential statistics Chi-Square test) ,the probability level depend in the present study  was p<0.05
the study concluded Mother and father were affected by psychological symptoms.
the study recommended Preparing a comprehensive extension program that is suitable for the size of the problem experienced by parents and families through psychological, social and financial support programs, participation of specialists and professionals, families of children with hearing. disabilities, and the development of suitable solutions for themdeveloping a child's language helps parents get rid of their anxiety, Provide advanced rehabilitation centers within the governorate and be more than a center rehabilitation and training of staff  working in the centers of rehabilitation,  Make the parents communicate fully with the manufacturers of the cochlear and make the center of the company in each province, providing the spare tools for planting Working on the opening of specialized centers for cochlear implantation to reduce cost.

Awareness of health care staff regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals

Darya Yaseen Mustafa; Dhiaa Alrahman H. Abdullah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160083

Background: pregnant women may need medication to manage some of problems occurring during pregnancy. Some of medication considered safe and other unsafe, medical and nursing staff should aware of safe and unsafe medication to prevent further damage to the pregnant women.
Objectives: to assess healthcare worker awareness regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals.
Methodology: A quantitative design using descriptive study was carried out at Kirkuk city hospitals from 1st of October, 9117, up to the 1st of October, 9112. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (28) staff working in maternity units was used. A constructed questionnaire was used for the purpose of the study which consisted of two parts: the demographic data of the sample, and the awareness of healthcare worker regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy. The data were collected through the use of self-administration techniques they were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical data analysis.
Results: The findings of the study indicated that (81.06) of the samples were working in Kirkuk general hospital, (00.26) were between age group (91-92 years), (076) of the sample were nurses, (03.06) of them were having 1-0 years of experience, and (02.16) do not training in medication session.
Conclusions: most healthcare worker unaware of indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy.

Quality of Life of Diabetic Patients Type -2- in Urban and Rural Areas in Kirkuk City (Comparative Study

Abid Salih Kumait

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 38-45
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2014.162927

Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus has become representing one of the most challenging public
health problems of the 21st century. It is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood glucose levels
(hyperglycemia) which may arise from defects in the secretion of insulin, defects in insulin action, or both.
Diabetic patients suffering from worse quality of life in rural and urban area. Aims of the study were to
assess quality of life Type-2- of diabetic patients in rural and urban area , to identify the relationship
between some characteristics of diabetic patients and quality of life and comparison of quality of life of
diabetic patients between urban and rural area in Kirkuk city.
Material and Method: The non- experimental approach and descriptive design was used in this study . The
study was conducted at Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk city and Al-Hawija General Hospital at Al-
Hawija district during the period from 15th November 2012 to the 20th of June 2013 .Purposive sample
consists of (110) clients from urban area who visited Azadi Teaching Hospital and (110) clients from rural
area who visited Al-Hawija General Hospital . In order to collect the study information, a questionnaire was
constructed depending on the criteria of World Health Organization scale (WHO ) format that modified by
researcher and related literature. It composed of two parts , part one included ( 5 ) items which focused on
the client demographic characteristics such as (age, gender, marital status, residence , occupation , level of
education .Diabetes Mellitus Quality of life questionnaire is the instrument that consists of (5) domains. The
domains are Independence , daily physical activities , Psycho-social , beliefs , environmental and
circumstances. The overall questions includes (80 ) items. The questions were rated on (3) point- likert
scale. The score ranges between (0-240), never ( 1), sometimes (2), always (3).content validity was
determined by presenting the questionnaire to a panel of (10 ) experts.
Results: The data analysis shows that most of the type -2- diabetic patients were male in urban and rural
area and constituted (75.3% ) and ( 61.8 % ) respectively . In relation to the age , high percentage of the
sample were between age (55-64 ) years in urban and rural area and constituted (32.7% ) and (34.5 % )
respectively .Also the data analysis showed that there is a significant statistical association between health
related quality of life (HRQoL) items that are related to independency, daily physical activities, psychosocial
aspects ,beliefs and environmental circumstances. Also the study concluded that health problems of
diabetic patients related to quality of life differs in sub domains have mild effects on the quality of life of
patients with diabetic in rural than urban area .
Conclusions: The socio demographic characteristic of quality of life of type 2- diabetic clients (age,
gender, marital status, level of education, jobs ) are different in effects on independency, daily physical
activities, psycho-social aspects, beliefs and environment Quality of life of diabetic patients type -2- more
impact in rural than urban area.
Key words: Quality of Life, Diabetic Patients Type -2-, Urban, Rural

Prevalence of Mobile Phone Addiction among Students in Institute Technical of Kut

Sameeha Naser Abed; Rawaa Kamel Abd; Israa Dawood Salim; Nadia Abdul Razzaq Jamal

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 33-38
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160048

Background and aim: The mobile phones have considerably the new epidemic of this century .It is a two edge sword, it has both the positive and negative consequences. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of mobile phone addiction among students in institute technical of Kut, and also to determine significant demographic associations.
Materials and method: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was performed using a self-administered questionnaire on a sample of 380 randomly selected students. A survey was carried out in the 1st of April to the 1st of July 2017. Data analysis by using the Minitab, version 18.
Results: About 66% of the students were females. The overall prevalence of mobile phone addiction was 60% in studying students (35.37% among male and 64.63% among female), with large increases in both sexes aged less or equal twenty years (59.21%). There is no significant relationship between gender and demographic characteristics and there was no any significant relationship between demographic factors ) gender, residence, marital status, and employment status) with mobile phone addiction, while was a significant association between mobile phone addiction and age groups.
Conclusions: Overall female had more effects of mobile phone usage compared to male. Statistically significant difference was also observed for mobile phone addiction and age groups. There is a no significant relationship between demographic factors, gender, residence, marital status, and employment status with mobile phone use.
Recommendations: The recommendations of the present study are necessary to develop a mobile phone addiction preventive measure and controlling the mobile phone use. In addition to implementing effective education and intervention strategies such as behavior modification, the promotion of healthier free-time activities, and providing a healthy living environment around youths. Counseling programs are recommended for raising awareness of families concerning mobile phone use.

Assessment of Patients Knowledge about Gastritis at General Kirkuk Hospital in Kirkuk City

Qasim Hussein Mohammed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 49-54
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2015.160020

Background and aim: Gastritis (inflammation of the gastric or stomach mucosa) is a common GI problem. Gastritis may be acute, lasting several hours to a few days, or chronic, resulting from repeated exposure to irritating agents or recurring episodes of acute gastritis). The aim of the study to assessment of patient Knowledge regarding gastritis at General Kirkuk Hospital in Kirkuk city.
Materials and method: descriptive study was carried out on gastritis patients at General Kirkuk hospital in Kirkuk city from the beginning from (10th of June 2013 to5th May 2014) in order to assess knowledge concerning gastritis ,non- probability sampling convenience sample of (50) patients .The data was collected through the application of constructed questionnaire with consist of three parts and were used (SPSS). The Data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistical the frequencies (F), percentage (%), and mean of score.
Results : (74%) of the samples (35>) years old, (76%) of them were male, (54%) of the samples were illiterate, (62%) of them were house wife, (88%) of the samples were married, 40%) of them were (4-6) Working hour per day , 32%) of them have history of hypertension,(72%) of the sample had no family history of gastritis, (66%) of them no smoker, (78%) of them had continuous stress.
Conclusion: type of the patients gender the highest age that having gastritis is (female), almost highest rate of the sample revealed illiterate of the patient. Majority of the sample show housewife occupational of patient. Almost majority of the sample showed that most of patient was married, The highest rate of patient who having gastritis was complain from chronic disease. The majority of samples were having continuous stress, The highest rate of patient was having good knowledge about medical treatment instruct the people about avoiding taking any medication without physician order.
Recommendation: Advice the people to take healthy diet and avoid irritant food, and decrease stress.

Assessment of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Akre Teaching Hospitals

Mohanned Khaleel Abdullah; Zikri Mahmood Mirza; Shevan Younis Othman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 19-29
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160079

Background and Aim: The phenomenon of Job Stress remains a reality that touches on different areas of work with inequality. Sources and levels of pressure from one field to another, particularly affecting the humanitarian field as it has proved. Many studies compare careers, under the study of job stress in particular the fields of teaching and nursing as they involve a number of tasks and responsibilities relationships.The study aimed to identify the relationship between job stress and nurses’ demographical characteristics.
Materials and Method: Aquantives descriptive study was applied study to determine job stress for nurses in Akre teaching hospitals in Dohuk city. About 75 nurses participants from two hospitals, Gulan General Teaching Hospital and from Akre General Emergency Teaching Hospital were chosen randomly. A questionnaire is constructed by researchers is divided into two sections, the 1st section is the demographical characteristics of nurses and the 2nd section consists of 23 items about job stress.
Results: The study shows that high percentage of the study population where less than 30 years old and most of them married and male the findings show that 61.3% of nurses where graduated from medical instituted. the study revealed that 61.3% of the sample had less than seven years of experience. The finding displayed that there is a significant difference between job stress among nurs’s age, years experience, Position, Marital status and Salary, While there is no significant difference in relation to Education levels ,Setting, Gender and Hospital..
Conclusion: The results revealed that the young, single and new employed with low salaries nurses suffer from job stress more than the older, married, wide experienced senior nurses. And all the sample have follow almost the same curriculum and instructions to deal with stress in the hospitals.
Recommendations: The researchers reommnded for improving the working conditions of workers in sectors of a humanitarian nature, including a sector education and nursing sector so that their employees can provide better services .

Effectiveness of an Education Program on Nurses knowledge concerning in Nursing Management for patients with Third degree and bundle branch block in Kirkuk Teaching Hospitals

Abid Salih Kumait AL-Jumaily MSc adult nursing; Khalidah Mohammed Khudur

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 7-19
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160084

Background and Objectives: Heart block is a disease or acquired condition that causes a fault within the heart's natural pacemaker due to some kind of obstruction (or "block") in the electrical conduction system of the heart.Nurses play an important role in maintaining the health and well-being of patients. Aims of the study was to assess the effectiveness of nursing education program on nursing knowledge concerning in nursing management toward third degree and bundle branch block in Kirkuk's teaching hospitals and to identifying the relationship between the nurses' knowledge and their demographic characteristics such as ( age ,gender and education level)
Material and Method :A descriptive study design (quasi experimental study )was carried out at Azadi teaching hospital and Kirkuk general hospital in Kirkuk city for nursing staff who worked at CCU ,RCU unit , emergency unit and internal medicine unit ,from February up to May, 8102. A non – probability (purposive) sample was selected and composed of (21) Nurses (male and female) .Nurses was divided into two groups, study group consisted of (01) nurses exposed to the nursing educational program and control group consisted of (01) nurses were not exposed to the program from Azadi Teaching Hospital and Kirkuk General Hospital in Kirkuk city. The program and instruments were constructed by the researcher for the purpose of the study .The questionnaire was constructed for the purpose of the study which consisted of three parts: the first part include the demographic data (5 ) items (age, gender,residencr , Educational achievement and marital status.The second about training in cardiac care (8) items ( work place and name of training in cardiac care . The third part consist from (02 ) items of general knowledge toward management of third degree of heart block and bundle branch block of heart block. The (SPSS) ver. (8821) was used for data analysis. Mean, SD, and ANCOVA test, compare means were used to analyze the collected data. Level of significance was the threshold at p<1215
Results: There were 01 nurses included in the study. Relative to "Gender" 82(55255) from sample were female are more illustrated, since, also the study shows the high percent of nursese were at age between (81-23 years) and constitute 25(25255) and most of "Age Groups", are focused at the first two groups since .(5825% ) .Also the results shows (%5215) were female. With regard toresidence 82(51215) were living in urban areas, The study findings indicated that there were highly significant differences between pre and post tests in the study group in overall main domains related to nurses' knowldg abou management of third degree heart block and bundle branch block
Conclusion: The study concluded that the effectiveness of educational program regarding nurses' nurses' knowldg abou management of third degree heart block and bundle branch block .

Evaluation of Socio-Economic Factors Related to Helicobacter Pylori Infection in Duhok City

Mohammed Haydar Musa; Jihan Noori Hussein

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 20-25
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2016.160032

Background and aim: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) are found in half the population of the world. Its prevalence is highly variable in relation to geography, ethnicity, age, and socioeconomic factors-high in developing countries and lower in the developed world. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among patients in Duhok, and to identify factors associated with of Helicobacter pylori among patients in Duhok.
Materials and method: A cross-sectional study was carried out throughout the present study among patients who attending to Duhok gastroenterology and hepatology center. The study included (80) samples of nurses for the period from 10th January to 5th December 2015.The study revealed that there were significant statistical results related to income, residency, water source and blood group to be considered as a risk factor of H. pylori infection.
Results: The study revealed that there were no significant statistical results related to age to be considered as a risk factor at (p<0.05). Among the 80 patients who completed data, the highest positive result was found in the age group of 20-30 years (68.18.7%) while the highest negative result was found in the age group of 50-60yr (42.86%).
Conclusion: There were significant difference between H. pylori infection and some variables like (age, sex, married status, level of education and smoking and coffee consumption and years of experience).