Keywords : Social Support


ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SOCIAL SUPPORT AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN PATIENTS WITH BREAST CANCER AT HIWA CANCER HOSPITAL IN SULAIMANI CITY/IRAQ

Avin Anwar Mahmood; Muhammad Rashid Amen

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2022, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 16-26
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2022.170454

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. During and after treatments, breast cancer patients may vulnerable for problems and in need of support. Receiving social support may reduce patients’ stress, help to cope with the situation, and improve patients' quality of life.
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess perceived social support, quality of life, and explore the association between them in a sample of females' breast cancer.
Methodology: Three hundred Forty-Two patients with breast cancer who visited the outpatient clinic at Hiwa Hospital in Sulaimani City were recruited to the current cross-sectional study. The data was collected at least 3 months post-chemotherapy, the direct interview was used to fill a questionnaire that includes participants' characteristics, source of social support, types of treatment, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support to assess perceived social support, and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC QLQ C-30, EORTC QLQ BR-23) to assess patients' quality of life.  Statistic Package of Social Science 24 software was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Participants' mean age was (42.65 ± 7.71), total social support score was (52.68 ± 20.09) on a scale of (12 to 84), about half (47.4%) received it moderately. The family was the highest source of social support (19.89 ± 7.80). Global health state score was (68.52 ± 19.80), emotional was the most affected functional subscale (52.10 ± 29.60). Regarding the symptom’s subscale, the financial deficit (55.95 ± 33.07) was the most disrupted symptom followed by fatigue (43.60 ± 21.16). Furthermore, sex function (32.99 ± 28.79) was a more impaired aspect among breast cancer-specific functions, and hair loss (59.84 ± 41.37) was the most symptom reported by the patients. Moreover, perceived social support is associated and correlated with participants' quality of life, (p ˂ 0.05).
Conclusion: Kurdish breast cancer patients perceived moderate social support, the global health status was moderate to good, most affected function was emotional and sex functions, financial deficit, fatigue, and hair loss were most disrupting symptoms. Social support enhanced patients’ QoL in term of enhancing functions and minimized symptoms.