Keywords : nurses

Assessment of Injection Safety Practice among nurses at Primary Health Care Centers in Mosul

Suha jabir Abdul- Lateef; Mahmood H . Sulaiman; Mohamed S . Jasim

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 45-51
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160082

Background: safe injection practice is the practice that does not harm both health workers and recipient and not produce harmful waste products.
Aim: To determine the injection safety practice among nurses at primary health care centers in Mosul city.
Materials and method: a descriptive study was carried out to include a random sample of 45 nurses selected from 12 primary health care centers of both sides of the city left and right, tool of study depend on observational check list and interview questionnaire.
Results: The study diagnosed both safe and unsafe injection practices which were performed by nurses at their setting of work. Safe practice significantly performed as single use of syringes, using a lot of sizes of syringes, dispose syringes to safety box, close safety box tightly, send safety boxes to buried and incinerated safety boxes, avoid changing safety boxes, specify a team to follow up safety injection measures, continuing education and training on safety injection. Unsafe practice also diagnosed as: don`t washing hands after injection, don`t using gloves when they have skin lesion, filling safety boxes to the top, dispose vials and ampoules to safety box. Poor vaccination coverage with hepatitis (B) vaccine among nurses. The study also found the only significant measures after exposure to needle stick injury were washing hands and notify about the exposure.
Conclusion: The distribution of the nurses in the sample according to age, shows that the majority of them in 40-49 years of age. Presence of male nurses more evident than female, most of them have long work period of twenty-one years and more, the majority of the participant were graduated from nursing school. The study diagnosed both safe and unsafe practices.
Recommendation The study recommends for: improving awareness of both patients and nurses to decrease over use of injection and on achievement of safety, improve vaccination coverage with hepatitis B vaccine and make it obligatory for all health care workers.

Assessment of Job Stress among Nurses Working in Akre Teaching Hospitals

Mohanned Khaleel Abdullah; Zikri Mahmood Mirza; Shevan Younis Othman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 19-29
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.160079

Background and Aim: The phenomenon of Job Stress remains a reality that touches on different areas of work with inequality. Sources and levels of pressure from one field to another, particularly affecting the humanitarian field as it has proved. Many studies compare careers, under the study of job stress in particular the fields of teaching and nursing as they involve a number of tasks and responsibilities relationships.The study aimed to identify the relationship between job stress and nurses’ demographical characteristics.
Materials and Method: Aquantives descriptive study was applied study to determine job stress for nurses in Akre teaching hospitals in Dohuk city. About 75 nurses participants from two hospitals, Gulan General Teaching Hospital and from Akre General Emergency Teaching Hospital were chosen randomly. A questionnaire is constructed by researchers is divided into two sections, the 1st section is the demographical characteristics of nurses and the 2nd section consists of 23 items about job stress.
Results: The study shows that high percentage of the study population where less than 30 years old and most of them married and male the findings show that 61.3% of nurses where graduated from medical instituted. the study revealed that 61.3% of the sample had less than seven years of experience. The finding displayed that there is a significant difference between job stress among nurs’s age, years experience, Position, Marital status and Salary, While there is no significant difference in relation to Education levels ,Setting, Gender and Hospital..
Conclusion: The results revealed that the young, single and new employed with low salaries nurses suffer from job stress more than the older, married, wide experienced senior nurses. And all the sample have follow almost the same curriculum and instructions to deal with stress in the hospitals.
Recommendations: The researchers reommnded for improving the working conditions of workers in sectors of a humanitarian nature, including a sector education and nursing sector so that their employees can provide better services .

Nurses’ Perception about Patients’ Safety Culture in Mosul City

Tameem Thamir Mayouf

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 54-59
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160052

Background and Aim: Perception of patients’ safety cultures is fundamental in the process of improving patient care. The presence of many disciplines in healthcare organizations has necessitated the inclusion of the viewpoints of all workers from managers to technicians. The study aimed to assess the nurses’ perception about patient's safety culture.
Materials and method: cross sectional (descriptive) design was selected for this study, 125 nurses was participated in the study who work in different health departments: wards, emergency unit, intensive care units, operating room. The study was carried out from (1st November 2013 to 10th April 2014), Likert-type response scales was adopted to measure the nurses’ perception about patient safety, which consist of two parts, part one covered the demographic data for nurses (Age, Gender, educational level, years of experiences, work time and workplace). Part two; assessed the nurses’ perception, consists of four sections covered work area, supervisor relationship, communications and frequency of events reported.
Results: The findings indicated that nurses were more positive about overall perceptions of safety, teamwork within units and supervisor expectations and actions promoting, while 69.6% of event reporting, and 55.6% for communication dimensions was negatively response among nurses’ perception. Nurses’ age, educational level and workplace, were not significantly associated with their perception regarding overall perceptions of patient safety dimension, only nurses’ age was significantly associated with their perception regarding frequency of event reporting.
Conclusion: The majority of nurses hadpositive responses toward teamwork within units. While most of the sample has negative responses toward frequency of events reporting, about half of nurses has positive responses to patient safety culture toward; overall perception of safety, communications openness, non-punitive responses to errors and staffing dimensions.
Recommendation: the study recommended to encourage the reporting action, which can prevent certain errors from happening and improve patient's safety concept in nurses.

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) of Voluntary Blood Donation among Nurses in Mosul Teaching Hospital

Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed; Ahmed Ali Hussein; Nasir Mufaq Youns

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 24-32
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160047

Background and aim : blood can save millions of lives. The requirement of blood and blood products in a country depends on the population, health care structure, prevalence of conditions requiring regular transfusions, such as hemophilia and thalassemia etc., availability of surgical centers using modern sophisticated techniques, and awareness amongst clinicians regarding the judicious use of blood. The study aimed to assess of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) of Voluntary Blood Donation among nurses at the Mosul Teaching Hospital.
Materials and Method: Cross-sectional design was applied in this study that aimed to assessment of knowledge, Attitude, and practice of voluntary blood donation among nurses in Mosul Teaching Hospital. Random sample consists of (152) nurses (99 )Male , ( 53) Female , and the sample age range (median age) 18–60 (26.3±) years. Data were collected from first December 2013 extended from First February 2014.Data were collected from all Mosul Teaching Hospital (Ibn-Sena Teaching Hospital, AL-ZahraweeTeahing Hospital, AL-Salm Teaching Hospital,Ibn-AtherTeahing Hospital and Al-KhansaTeahing Hospital). An interview technique, method was used for data collection and data were analyzed as Frequency, percentage and Chi-Squire.
Results: The results of the study show that the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice(KAP) of Voluntary Blood Donation among nurses in Mosul Teaching Hospital is good knowledge toward blood donation (81.4%), positive attitude about (78.2%),but there were practices of blood donation correct (56.7%)
Conclusion: The study concluded that the Nurses in hospitals have good knowledge of voluntary donation and a positive attitude towards donation, but there were disparities in their practices of blood donation.
Recommendation: The study recommended there is an urgent need to create and strengthen programs for motivation, recruitment and retention of voluntary blood Donors in our country.

Assessment of Nursing staff’s Knowledge and Practice regarding Care of Premature Babies in Mosul Teaching Hospitals

Qusay Norry Mohammed; Bakir Faris Alsawaf

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 70-73
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2016.160039

Background and aim: Premature is a live born infant delivered before 37 weeks from the first day of last menstrual period .It accounts for the largest number of admissions to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) . Premature infants can develop a range of problems because their organs are not mature enough. The proper nursing care of premature baby should be established by good nursing performances . The purpose of this study is to assess of nursing staff knowledge and practice regarding care of premature babies in Mosul Hospitals in the (Premature babies units).
Materials and method: A descriptive design carried throughout the period 2nd of December 2013 to March 2nd 2014 employing quantitative research methods to attain the results. The sample of the study was a non-probability purposive sampling which included all the nurses working in the premature units in these four Hospitals the sample consisted of (60) nurses (females).The data were analyzed using the statistical package for social science (SPSS) program version 17 throughout the application of descriptive statistic (frequency, mean, standard deviation and percentage) and inferential statistics (t-test and ANOVA-one way test).
Results: The findings of the study the Having diploma degree, being 40-49 years old, and more clinical experience Nurses in the Premature babies units increase neonatal nursing knowledge and practices.
Conclusions: There are significant differences between knowledge and practice of nursing staff about nursing care for premature babies with regard to age, level of education, and duration of work. Having diploma degree, being 40-49 years old, and more clinical experience in premature babies units increase neonatal nursing knowledge and practices. Recommendation: The study recommends preparing, Nurses should update their knowledge and practice through training courses and training programs for nursing care for premature baby in order to improve their skills and performing statistics by ministry of health of Iraq on the number of premature births in the country in order to reduce this phenomenon and finding appropriate solutions to the problems.

Assessment of Night-Shift Effects on Nurses' Health in Intensive Care Units in Some Hospitals of Nineveh Governorate

Rami Ramadhan Allawa

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 9-12
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2014.162922

Background and Objectives: Iraqi hospitals needs the services of nurses throughout the 24 hours including night time, and it is very necessary to study the impacts of night work on nurses in many aspects such as physical health and work performance for those nurses. The nurses' health who working at night shift is essential issue that it should be have to take in considered. The night shift work may have a negative impact on the individual's health and ability to function, thus affecting the services provided. Therefore the study aimed to assess the effect of night shift on nurses in intensive care units at some hospitals of Nineveh governorate. Materials and Method: A descriptive study was conducted at five hospitals, which are Al-Salam hospital, Al-jumhory hospital, Ibn-Sena hospital, Al-hamdania hospital, and General Mosul hospital, (50) male and female nurses were chosen, A constructed questionnaire was used to collect the data from the 1st January 2013 to 1st March 2013. Data were analyze by using descriptive and inferential statistical (percentage, frequency, and chi-square). Results: The results reveal that there are significant relationship between the working at night shift and exposure of the nurses to some problems such as sleep disorders (32%), muscle strain (64%), persistent tiredness (32%), and exposure to needle stick injury (30%). Conclusion: the study concluded that nurses of all ages and of both gender are exposed to the risks of night shift work and these risks have negative impact on nurse's health. The majority of the nurses
complained of a number of problems when working on night shift such as muscle strain, sleep disorders, tiredness, and occupational injuries. Key Words: night shift, intensive care units, nurses

Nurses Knowledge about Dressing Process in Surgical Wards in Mosul Hospitals

Myasar Mohsin Azeez Ali Al-Healy

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 22-26
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2013.162913

Background and aim: Dressing is a covering or bandage applied to a wound, Bleeding cases, Open fractures and superficial burns to protect it, prevent the complication and the patient's dressings need to be changed regularly. The study aimed to identify the level of knowledge about Dressing Process among nurses and to examine the relationship between demographic characteristics of the nurses and their Knowledge with regard to Dressing Process. Materials and Method: This descriptive study design as a quantitative approach was adopted through
the period from 1st of August - 2011 to the 1st of September - 2012. The sample of the study included (140) nurses working in two hospitals in Mosul city in the center of Nineveh Governorate. In order to collect the data, a questionnaire was constructed depending on the previous studies and related literatures. Content validity of the questionnaire was determined by presenting the questionnaire to a panel of (15) experts and the reliability of the study was determined by applying the tool to (20) nurses in Ibn-Sina Teaching Hospital, while Person's Correlation Coefficient was ( r = 0.83; P.< 0.05 ). Results: The data analysis showed that there were significant statistical relationships among some categories of knowledge regarding Dressing Process with the attributes of the sample.
Conclusion: The study concluded that knowledge of dressing process acceptable, while gender and enrollment in training sessions had an obvious association with nurses' knowledge. Keywords: Nurses, Knowledge, Dressing, Surgical Wards.