Keywords : Breast self-examination

Practicing Breast Self-Examination Related Knowledge among Women at General Hospitals in Duhok City

Kawther Mahmood Galary; Rebar Yahya Abdullah; Robar Anwar Majid

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 97-105
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.164725

Background and aims: Despite the consideration that the Breast Cancer is a preventable cancer, it's still known as the most common cancer among women worldwide. Early detection of it is performed by a medical and self-screening procedure which is Breast Self-Examination (BSE). It makes women more "breast aware", which in turn may lead to an earlier diagnosis of BC. The aims of the study are to assess the level of women’s knowledge regarding practicing BSE, and identify the main reasons regarding practicing BSE.

Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among 200 women attending General Hospitals in Duhok city at the time of data collection 28 January to 10 March 2020. A structured questionnaire was used by researchers to gather the data related to socio-demographic, the knowledge of practicing BSE, the reasons for practicing BSE.

Results: Among all women who were interviewed, about (28.5%) practiced BSE , among those women who had practiced  BSE, (16.5%) of them had irregular BSE, 6.5% of the woman who had practiced it monthly, about (82.5%) of women had a poor knowledge regarding practicing BSE correctly, very little of them had good practicing BSE knowledge (2%). The main reason for doing it was getting information from mass media in (14%).

Conclusions: The majority of women had low knowledge level about practicing BSE. Effective media and providing health education are required to improve the level of awareness toward it. The professional healthcare provider should be contributing to knowledge transfer whenever the opportunity arises.
Keywords: breast self-examination, Breast Cancer, Knowledge, Practice

Assessment of Female Nursing Students knowledge and practice about Breast Self-Examination in Mosul University

Suha J. Abdul- Lateef; Marwa Shabaan

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 29-35
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162123

Background and aim: Breast self-examination is a screening method and valuable tool used in an attempt to detect early breast cancer among women.The study aimed to assess the level of knowledge and practice  of nursing female students about breast self-examination in Mosul university.
Materials and method: A descriptive study design was adopted in the study. A systemic random sample of 100 female nursing student were selected in this descriptive study, they  collected  as25 student from each of the under graduated  teaching classes , the study conducted  in a period  from  October 2017 to the  end of march  2018. Data  were collected by using a questionnaire constructed to meet the study objective, it is consisted from five parts, the first one concerned with socio demographic data, second part represent personal history of the participants, third part reflect knowledge and practice of them about breast self-examination that reflect their awareness toward this subjectfourth part identify the source of their knowledge and practice, last part demonstrate the main barriers and limitations caused failure in conducting this examination.
Results: The study founded that 46% of the sample were at 20- 21years old,  91% of them from urban residence, about 66% of the sample having healthy nutritional habits, history of hormonal and menstrual disturbance was found among 30% of the sample, about 73% of female nursing students aware of breast cancer risk that represented by their knowledge  about breast self-examination, but only 23% of them conducting the examination regularly, this is due to their feeling  of wellness and also because of absence of obligation in conducting the examination.
Conclusion: the majority of study sample were  from (20-21) age group, with urban residence Two third of the sample having healthy balance diet, while about one third of sample experience hormonal and menstrual disturbance.   
Recommendation The study recommend for improvement of the practical aspects of breast self-examination via improvement of the teaching curriculum and through mass media
 Key Words : Breast self-examination,  knowledge ,practice  , Breast cancer 

Nurses Knowledge toward Breast Cancer in Azady Teaching Hospital

Younis Khider Baez

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2014, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 46-50
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2014.162928

Background and Objectives: Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. A
malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread
(metastasize) to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get
it, too. The aim of the present study is to assess nurses knowledge’s towards breast cancer in Azady
teaching hospital as well as to find out the relation ship between nurses genders and their knowledge
Material and Method: A descriptive study of a quantitative design were carried out at Azadi teaching
hospital from 1st of July, 2012, up to the 16th of April, 2013. A non-probability (purposive) sample of
(100) nurses were selected from nurses who working in Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk city.
Developed questionnaire was constructed for the purpose of the study which contain (42) items: the
demographic data and knowledge of the nurses. The data were collected through the use of interview.
They were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis (frequency , percentage) and
inferential statistical data analysis (chi-square).
Results: The findings of the study indicated that most of the nurses were in age group between (23-27),
female, have (1-5) years of employment, graduated from medical institute, have not taken classes
about breast cancer
Conclusion: The study concluded that the nurses had good knowledge regarding general information of
breast cancer, breast self examination, signs and symptoms and treatment of breast cancers while there
knowledge regarding the risk factors of breast cancer were reasonable to some extent.
Key words: Breast cancer, Malignant tumor, Metastasize, Breast self-examination, cancer cells.