Keywords : organ transplantation

Ethical and Legal Considerations in Organ Donation and Transplantation: an Analysis of the Key Benefits and Drawbacks

Awat Jamal Hasan; Hadeel Abdulelah Ibrahim; Hasan Qader Sofihussein; Heshu Rahman Rahman

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2021, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 122-130
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2021.168293

In human life, organ donation and transplantation is one of the most significant importance to extend functional life and support quality of life. Also, this process is not related exclusively to medical teams, but relates to general society because the sources for this process are only human due to ethical and legal issues. The process requires ethical and legal consideration, because it presents many challenges and risks to society and the medical community. The aim of this paper is to consider the advantages of transplantation for human life. It considers the controversy surrounding the ethical and legal considerations, from the concept of brain death (brain-dead donor) and the market for human organs (living donor). The operation of organ donation and transplantation are very complex and sensitive because it directly relates to human life. There should be more careful observation and diagnosis by the medical team during the donation process and the transplantation process.
Keywords: Ethical consideration, organ donation, organ transplantation, benefits, drawbacks.