Keywords : Nursing

Quality of life for Internally Displaced Teenagers in Rania City

Sana'a Hassan Abdulsahib; Blend B Ameen; Mahmmod A Mahmmod

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 20-28
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162122

Aims of the study: To determine the quality of life domains and the level of quality of life for internally displaced teenage students in Rania city. And to find out the relationship between the quality life domains and some of their sociodemographic characteristics of the sample such as age, level of education of students, and family income.
Methodology: A descriptive study, using the assessment approach was conducted on Internally Displaced teenage students from the 2nd of August 2015 to the 3rd of February 2016. To achieve the objectives of the study, non-probability sample of (165) students selected for the study. A questionnaire was adapted from the world health organization quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), a questionnaire (1), for the purpose of the study. The WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire contains two items from the overall quality of life and general Health with (24) items of satisfaction that divided into four domains: Physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environmental health. Each item is rated on a 5-point Likert scale. Each item of the WHOQOL-BREF scored from 1 to 5 on a response scale. A pilot study was carried out on (10) students for the study questionnaire's reliability through the use of stability (test-retest method). A panel of (5) experts was involved in the determination of the questionnaire's content validity. Data were analyzed through the application of the descriptive statistical data analysis approach (frequency, percentage, mean of scores) and inferential statistical data analysis approach (Pearson correlation coefficient and chi-square).
Result: The study indicated that the majority of the students are aged between (14-16) years old, (77%) of family are nuclear.  Concerning the students' educational level (39.4%), of them was in 3rd class in secondary school. Also the study shows (42.4%), of family income are sufficient, and the majority of the samples were displaced from Al-Anbar province (87.3%). Regarding receiving help from the Iraqi government, the majority of them did not receive help from the Iraqi government. The findings of the study indicated that quality of life was affected by physical, and environmental domain. Age, level of education of students, and family income had significant relationship with quality of life domains.
Conclusion: The quality of life of female teenagers displaced persons affected by their displaced, especially (environmental domain, physical domain, and psychological domain).
Recommendation: Establishing a humanitarian program helps to raise their Qol of displaced persons in all dimensions. Organize a plan of action by the Iraqi government with Iraqi civil society organizations (internal and external organizations) to support teenagers displaced people in all domains of quality of life
Keyword: Quality of life, Teenagers, internal displacement.