Keywords : awareness

Awareness of health care staff regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals

Darya Yaseen Mustafa; Dhiaa Alrahman H. Abdullah

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160083

Background: pregnant women may need medication to manage some of problems occurring during pregnancy. Some of medication considered safe and other unsafe, medical and nursing staff should aware of safe and unsafe medication to prevent further damage to the pregnant women.
Objectives: to assess healthcare worker awareness regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy at Kirkuk city hospitals.
Methodology: A quantitative design using descriptive study was carried out at Kirkuk city hospitals from 1st of October, 9117, up to the 1st of October, 9112. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (28) staff working in maternity units was used. A constructed questionnaire was used for the purpose of the study which consisted of two parts: the demographic data of the sample, and the awareness of healthcare worker regarding indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy. The data were collected through the use of self-administration techniques they were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical data analysis.
Results: The findings of the study indicated that (81.06) of the samples were working in Kirkuk general hospital, (00.26) were between age group (91-92 years), (076) of the sample were nurses, (03.06) of them were having 1-0 years of experience, and (02.16) do not training in medication session.
Conclusions: most healthcare worker unaware of indicated and contraindicated medication during pregnancy.

Mother Awareness Regarding Oral Contraceptive Pills in Family Planning Center in Kirkuk City

Elham Saeed Shaker; Salwa Hazim Al Mukhtar

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 87-96
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.160026

Background and aim: The family planning involves choosing if and when to have children. It includes contraception, the prevention of pregnancy as well as methods to achieve pregnancy this method used by couples having difficulty attaining pregnancy. In addition, using contraceptives has been shown to promote a woman’s sense of autonomy and increase her ability to make decisions in other areas of her life This study aims at identifying mother's awareness regarding to oral contraceptive pills in Kirkuk city, as well as to find a relationship between women's knowledge and attitude with some socio- demographic characteristics such as (mother's age, level of education, occupation, number of children, socioeconomic status, medical data, miscarriage and parity).
Materials and method: A descriptive study Probability (Purposive sample) consists of 500 women who attended the typical primary health care centers in Kirkuk city, for a period from November, 1st , 2013 to October, 1st, 2014. Constructed questionnaire designed to questioned women's about oral contraceptive pills, The data were collected through the use of the interview. They were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistical data analysis (ANOVA).
Results: The findings of the study indicated that (37%) were in the age group (35 and above), and (37.7%) of the sample were graduating from primary school, (78.2%) of them were a housewife, (59.2%) of the sample had barely sufficient monthly income. The study indicated that (41%) have (1-3) children, and (59.6%) had no history of chronic disease.
Conclusion: Further studies include samples from rural areas and compare their awareness to the urban women regarding family planning methods.
Recommendations: the study found a high awareness regarding to oral contraceptive pills among women. In addition, a significant relationship was found between level of education, number of children and awareness regarding to oral contraceptive pills.

Awareness of the Thalassemic Patients’ Parents toward Thalassemia in Kirkuk City

Yousif Abdulmuhsin Salih

Mosul Journal of Nursing, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 58-62
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2014.162929

Background and objectives:- Thalassemia is a blood disorder passed down through families (inherited) in
which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen.
The disorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia. Hemoglobin is made
of two proteins: Alpha globin and beta globin. Thalassemia occurs when there is a defect in a gene that helps
control production of one of these proteins. There are two main types of thalassemia Alpha thalassemia
occurs when a gene or genes related to the alpha globin protein are missing or changed (mutated) ,it’s occur
most commonly in persons from southeast Asia, the Middle East, China, and in those of African descent.
.Beta thalassemia occurs when similar gene defects affect production of the beta globin protein and it’s occur
in persons of Mediterranean origin, and to a lesser extent, Chinese, other Asians, and African Americans.
There are many forms of thalassemia. Each type has many different subtypes. Both alpha and beta
thalassemia include the following two forms the first is Thalassemia major(Cooley's anemia ) while the
second is Thalassemia minor patients must inherit the defective gene from both parents to develop
thalassemia major while Thalassemia minor occurs if the patients receive the defective gene from only one
parent. Persons with this form of the disorder are carriers of the disease and usually do not have symptoms
(DeBaun, MR et al. 2011 ). This study aims to assess the thalassemic children’s parents awareness toward
Materials and method: a Descriptive study have been carried out in Kirkuk Governorate / Al-Azadi
teaching hospital ,which the nursing and medical care are provide to thalassemic children from
September / 2012 to august 2013 .
Results: The results of the study showed that Most of the sample is female in age (30 and more) years old.
Most of the samples’ (56%) level of education is read and write while only 6% have bachelor degree .The
result indicated that most of the sample (60%) have three or more children in their family in addition most
of them(72%) have only one child incidence by thalassemia, while only (2%) of them have three child with
incidence of thalassemia. the study indicated that the parents have high rates (66%),(64%)(90%),(72%) of
acceptable level in knowledge related to definition, singes and symptoms, the transmission method and
classification of thalassemia to alpha and beta. The finding also showed that the parents have high rate of
unacceptable level in knowledge regarding the genetic factor that causes the disease (62%),carriers in
thalassemia (78%),the genetic role in disease transmission (78%),the causes of each of α and β types of
thalassemia(60%), Pathophysiology (94%), diagnosis methods (74%) and treatment of minor
thalassemia(70%) .
Recommendations: Based on the result of, the investigator recommends Educational program for the
parents and families of the children who experienced blood disease including thalassemia. Establishing a
special consulting unites for the families of blood disease children’s to answer their questions. Encourage the
parents of these children to work as a volunteer in the consulting unites to help the new diagnosed cases of
thalassemia and their parent to be oriented with their new situations. Provide a Socioeconomic supports to
thalassemic patients and to their families.
Keywords: awareness, thalassemia, patients' parents, Kirkuk city