Keywords : Quality of Life


Avin Anwar Mahmood; Muhammad Rashid Amen

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2022, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 16-26
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2022.170454

Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. During and after treatments, breast cancer patients may vulnerable for problems and in need of support. Receiving social support may reduce patients’ stress, help to cope with the situation, and improve patients' quality of life.
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess perceived social support, quality of life, and explore the association between them in a sample of females' breast cancer.
Methodology: Three hundred Forty-Two patients with breast cancer who visited the outpatient clinic at Hiwa Hospital in Sulaimani City were recruited to the current cross-sectional study. The data was collected at least 3 months post-chemotherapy, the direct interview was used to fill a questionnaire that includes participants' characteristics, source of social support, types of treatment, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support to assess perceived social support, and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC QLQ C-30, EORTC QLQ BR-23) to assess patients' quality of life.  Statistic Package of Social Science 24 software was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Participants' mean age was (42.65 ± 7.71), total social support score was (52.68 ± 20.09) on a scale of (12 to 84), about half (47.4%) received it moderately. The family was the highest source of social support (19.89 ± 7.80). Global health state score was (68.52 ± 19.80), emotional was the most affected functional subscale (52.10 ± 29.60). Regarding the symptom’s subscale, the financial deficit (55.95 ± 33.07) was the most disrupted symptom followed by fatigue (43.60 ± 21.16). Furthermore, sex function (32.99 ± 28.79) was a more impaired aspect among breast cancer-specific functions, and hair loss (59.84 ± 41.37) was the most symptom reported by the patients. Moreover, perceived social support is associated and correlated with participants' quality of life, (p ˂ 0.05).
Conclusion: Kurdish breast cancer patients perceived moderate social support, the global health status was moderate to good, most affected function was emotional and sex functions, financial deficit, fatigue, and hair loss were most disrupting symptoms. Social support enhanced patients’ QoL in term of enhancing functions and minimized symptoms.

Quality Of Life For Patients With Myocardial Infarction: Article Review

Nasih Abdulla Hossain Peerdwod

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2021, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 86-100
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2021.168281

Back ground and objective: Myocardial infarction is sudden blockage of coronary artery, result in damage to the surrounding heart muscle. Quality of life it’s a situation with wide variety, which is influenced Physical wellbeing, psychological condition, in a nuanced way, personal beliefs, social relations and relations with other persons in the environment. The aim of the study was to assess quality of life domains in patients with Myocardial Infarction.           
Method: A literature search and selection of peer-reviewed and professional journal publications were conducted, Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Zanco J. Med. Sci, The Medical Journal of Basrah University, Medico-legal Update, Arch Argent Pediatr. Were found in  PubMed, and Google Scholar databases to capture a comprehensive list of peer-reviewed studies published between 2007 and 2020.
Results: The present article review concluded that the  study showed most of the participant age were (53-65) years, and more than half of them were males, illiterate, married and mostly came from urban with half of the patients were retired.
Most of the patients were smoker, have family history of myocadiac infarction with high level of cholesterol, mostly have hypertension and diabetes mellitus.
The present study revealed that quality of life affected in patient with myocardial infarction. There were very highly significant association between patients age, education, occupation and Quality of Life Domains.
Conclusion: significant relationship between myocardial infarction and age groups (53-65) years, males, illiterate, married, smoker, have family history of myocardial infarction with high level of cholesterol, mostly have hypertension and diabetes mellitus.
Keyword : Quality Of Life , Myocardial ,  infarction patients

Impact of using electronic games on psychological domain of adolescents quality of life in Kirkuk secondary schools

Huda Faeeq Mohammed; Eqbal Ghanim Ali

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, Pages 196-202
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.167035

Objectives: to identify the impact of using electronic games on psychological domain of adolescents quality of life and find out relationship between socio demographic variables and psychological domain
Methods: A descriptive study conducted among 300 adolescents using electronic games and the data collected by using questionnaire contain the sociodemographic characteristics and 9 items related to psychological domains.
Results: most of adolescents whom using electronic games were males and at age between (15-16) years and most of them from moderate level of socioeconomic status. They had poor level of psychological status when evaluated, the mean was (1.82).
Conclusion: increase using of video games had negative effect on quality of life (psychological domain).
Recommendation: it’s important to follow up of adolescents quality of life and encourage them to using physical activity and social relationship and decrease using the video games
Key words: Impact, Using electronic games, Psychological domain, Adolescents, Quality of life

Quality of life for Internally Displaced Teenagers in Rania City

Sanaش hasn Abdulsahib; Blend barzan Ameen; Mahmmod aref Mahmmod

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 21-29
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162122

Aims of the study: To determine the quality of life domains and the level of quality of life for internally displaced teenage students in Rania city. And to find out the relationship between the quality life domains and some of their sociodemographic characteristics of the sample such as age, level of education of students, and family income.
Methodology: A descriptive study, using the assessment approach was conducted on Internally Displaced teenage students from the 2nd of August 2015 to the 3rd of February 2016. To achieve the objectives of the study, non-probability sample of (165) students selected for the study. A questionnaire was adapted from the world health organization quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), a questionnaire (1), for the purpose of the study. The WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire contains two items from the overall quality of life and general Health with (24) items of satisfaction that divided into four domains: Physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environmental health. Each item is rated on a 5-point Likert scale. Each item of the WHOQOL-BREF scored from 1 to 5 on a response scale. A pilot study was carried out on (10) students for the study questionnaire's reliability through the use of stability (test-retest method). A panel of (5) experts was involved in the determination of the questionnaire's content validity. Data were analyzed through the application of the descriptive statistical data analysis approach (frequency, percentage, mean of scores) and inferential statistical data analysis approach (Pearson correlation coefficient and chi-square).
Result: The study indicated that the majority of the students are aged between (14-16) years old, (77%) of family are nuclear.  Concerning the students' educational level (39.4%), of them was in 3rd class in secondary school. Also the study shows (42.4%), of family income are sufficient, and the majority of the samples were displaced from Al-Anbar province (87.3%). Regarding receiving help from the Iraqi government, the majority of them did not receive help from the Iraqi government. The findings of the study indicated that quality of life was affected by physical, and environmental domain. Age, level of education of students, and family income had significant relationship with quality of life domains.
Conclusion: The quality of life of female teenagers displaced persons affected by their displaced, especially (environmental domain, physical domain, and psychological domain).
Recommendation: Establishing a humanitarian program helps to raise their Qol of displaced persons in all dimensions. Organize a plan of action by the Iraqi government with Iraqi civil society organizations (internal and external organizations) to support teenagers displaced people in all domains of quality of life
Keyword: Quality of life, Teenagers, internal displacement.

Effect of Nutritional Health Program in Improving the Quality of Life-of Patients with Chronic Renal Failure in Hemodialysis Center of Duhok City

Miaad Hussein Kadhim; Alaa Noori Sarkees; Khalida Elias Georgies

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2016, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 35-40
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2016.160034

Background and aim: Patients with chronic kidney failure are vulnerable of cognitive impairment. That's why they become more users of pharmacological products and develop comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes. Therefore, nutritional therapy constantly considered a major feature of Chronic Kidney Failure management. So, the nutritional therapy aimed to attainment the control both metabolic and fluid as well as prevention and correction of signs, symptoms and complications of progressed Chronic Renal Failure. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the education nutritional health program in improving the quality of life of patients with chronic renal failure.
Materials and method: The present Quazi-experimental study was conducted in hemodialysis center and renal transplantation department in Azadi teaching hospital, from February 15, 2015 through March 1, 2016. The sample of the study was consisted of (30) Non-probability (purposive) patients with chronic renal failure. Data were collected through using questionnaire related to health education nutritional program before and after its application upon patients with chronic renal failure. Analysis of data performed through the application of descriptive data (Frequency and percentage) and inferential data of (T. test) employed statistical application.
Results: The findings of the study had revealed that the experimental group had benefited of the program as supported by their nutritional health-related knowledge improvement. Furthermore, the result indicated that the highly significant differences between pre and post educational intervention regarding patients level of physical and psychological quality of life.
Conclusion: The health education nutritional program was confirmed its effectiveness throughout the study, the findings can be interpreted so that the group had benefited from the health education nutritional program and evidenced improvement in their knowledge related to nutritional behavior and quality of life.
Recommendation: The study recommended that the Ministry of Health in Kurdistan Region of Iraq should sponsor the health education nutritional program to be applied by nephrology nurses in hemodialysis centers considering its potential addressing patients' specific needs and problems.

Quality of life of Asthmatic Adult Patient’s in Kirkuk city

Rebaz Ismail Ali

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2015, Volume 3, Issue 2, Pages 55-61
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2015.162939

Background and objectives: Asthma is a life-long chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways, associated with variable structural changes, that affects all ages. Health related quality of life (HRQoL) has joined morbidity and mortality as a health outcome of interest in recent years. The study objected to assess quality of life for asthmatic patients and to predict the correlations among the domains of quality of life.
Materials and method: A descriptive study was conducted in Kirkuk General Hospital in Kirkuk city to assess the Quality of Life (QoL) asthmatic patients , and to identify the association between some characteristics of asthmatic patients such as (Age, Gender, Martial status, Level of education, Occupation and Severity of asthma ) and their quality of life. The study was initiated from 20 of June 2013 to 5th May 2014. Purposive sample consists of (70) patients with asthma were selected. For the purpose of data collection, a questionnaire was constructed instrument and literature reviews. It is composed of two parts, part one included (9) items that focused on the client demographic characteristics. Part two is composed of (5) items that contain of (98) items, data were collected through the use of interview. Of 3-likert scale option as: (1) for Always, (2) for Sometimes and (3) for Never. Content validity was determined by presenting the questionnaire to a panel of (8) experts.
Results: The findings of the study indicated that the sub-domain of sleep and rest as a part the physical domain, also the spiritual domain of the quality of life for patients had greatly affected.
Conclusion: The study concluded that found significant statistical of some of socio -demographics characteristic of asthma patients (Educational level and Severity of asthma ) with domains of the quality of life. Also, associations between the physical and spiritual domains
Recommendations: The study recommends to increase the number of specialized health related agencies and asthma units and to enhancing the community and social support of patients.
Keywords: Quality of Life, Adult Asthmatic patients.

Quality of Life of Diabetic Patients Type -2- in Urban and Rural Areas in Kirkuk City (Comparative Study

Abid Salih Kumait

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2014, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 38-45
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2014.162927

Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus has become representing one of the most challenging public
health problems of the 21st century. It is a metabolic disease characterized by high blood glucose levels
(hyperglycemia) which may arise from defects in the secretion of insulin, defects in insulin action, or both.
Diabetic patients suffering from worse quality of life in rural and urban area. Aims of the study were to
assess quality of life Type-2- of diabetic patients in rural and urban area , to identify the relationship
between some characteristics of diabetic patients and quality of life and comparison of quality of life of
diabetic patients between urban and rural area in Kirkuk city.
Material and Method: The non- experimental approach and descriptive design was used in this study . The
study was conducted at Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk city and Al-Hawija General Hospital at Al-
Hawija district during the period from 15th November 2012 to the 20th of June 2013 .Purposive sample
consists of (110) clients from urban area who visited Azadi Teaching Hospital and (110) clients from rural
area who visited Al-Hawija General Hospital . In order to collect the study information, a questionnaire was
constructed depending on the criteria of World Health Organization scale (WHO ) format that modified by
researcher and related literature. It composed of two parts , part one included ( 5 ) items which focused on
the client demographic characteristics such as (age, gender, marital status, residence , occupation , level of
education .Diabetes Mellitus Quality of life questionnaire is the instrument that consists of (5) domains. The
domains are Independence , daily physical activities , Psycho-social , beliefs , environmental and
circumstances. The overall questions includes (80 ) items. The questions were rated on (3) point- likert
scale. The score ranges between (0-240), never ( 1), sometimes (2), always (3).content validity was
determined by presenting the questionnaire to a panel of (10 ) experts.
Results: The data analysis shows that most of the type -2- diabetic patients were male in urban and rural
area and constituted (75.3% ) and ( 61.8 % ) respectively . In relation to the age , high percentage of the
sample were between age (55-64 ) years in urban and rural area and constituted (32.7% ) and (34.5 % )
respectively .Also the data analysis showed that there is a significant statistical association between health
related quality of life (HRQoL) items that are related to independency, daily physical activities, psychosocial
aspects ,beliefs and environmental circumstances. Also the study concluded that health problems of
diabetic patients related to quality of life differs in sub domains have mild effects on the quality of life of
patients with diabetic in rural than urban area .
Conclusions: The socio demographic characteristic of quality of life of type 2- diabetic clients (age,
gender, marital status, level of education, jobs ) are different in effects on independency, daily physical
activities, psycho-social aspects, beliefs and environment Quality of life of diabetic patients type -2- more
impact in rural than urban area.
Key words: Quality of Life, Diabetic Patients Type -2-, Urban, Rural