Volume 11, Issue 1, Winter and Spring 2023, Page 1-150

Association between Digital Addiction and Eating Behaviors for Preschool Children

Ahmed Sabah Neamat; Adraa Hussein Shawq; Wasnaa Jomaa Mohammed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176928

Background: Eating habits are formed at an early age and the control of screen time is mostly the responsibility of the parents, the involvement of parents in the use of Technology resources and kids' eating patterns should be explored. According to the recommendations of American Academy of Pediatrics the children's watching time be limited to 1–2 hours per day and that no television or other screens be permitted in their bedrooms.
Objective(s): The aim of this study is to detect the association between digital addiction and Eating Behaviors for preschool children.
Methodology: A descriptive (Cross-Sectional Design) study was conducted on preschooler’s parents by using the instrument of the study, the study was carried out through different governmental kindergartens at Al-Russafa and Al-Karkh Districts in Baghdad City through period from November 1st, 2021, to March 7th 2022. The accessible population included the preschooler’s parents whom their children attended to Government kindergartens. Non-probability, convenient sample of (200) child and parents is selected; (100) participant from Al-Rusafa District Government Kindergartens and (100) participant from Al-Karkh District Government Kindergartens.
Results: The results indicates that 50.5% of preschool children show fair level of eating behavior, and the mean score was (43.84±7.239).
Conclusion: Half of study sample on fair level of eating behavior. High significant association between digital addiction and eating behavior of preschool children.
Recommendations: Encourage parents' guidance and supervision for limited digital screen and content for their children by using special supervisor programs.


Rassoul Abdulzahra Mankih; Ala`a Hassan Mirza Hussain

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 7-15
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176929

Aims: The study aimed to find out the relationship between a response of patients to the motivational interviewing and their demographic and medical characteristic.
Methods: A formal case –series design study, clinical trial was conducted on (30) patients undergoing haemodialysis at Haemodialysis Unit of Al-Sadder hospital, Missan, Iraq.The participants were selected through purposive(non-probability) sample. The participant received five sessions of motivational interviewing. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) was completed by the participants before and after the intervention. Data was collected through the use of the Arabic version of HPL-II questionnaire the data was collected in a unified self-report questionnaire. Data were analysed by using descriptive statistics, including Frequency, Percentage, Mean of score, Standard Deviation.
Results: The results presented that there was association between patients’ response with demographic characteristics, but no association with medical status.
Conclusion: The study concluded that the patients of the study are of low socioeconomic class with ignorance their disease, motivational interviewing are important for adherence to medical therapy.

Evaluation Nurses’ Practices During Intravenous Canulation for Children in the Emergency Units

Kadhum Jawad Kadhum; Serwan Jafar Bakey

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 16-21
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176930

Background: Increasing risks and complications with IV cannulation making this issue a research focus of several authors around the world. In addition, it was reported that emerged complications with IV cannulation could be phlebitis, infiltration, extravasation, infection, and pain.
Aims of the study: This study aimed to evaluate nurses’ practices during intravenous canulation for children in the emergency units.
Methodology: A mixed method research design was used in this study specifically (Convergent parallel: Quantitative and qualitative approach).  The study was initiated from October 15th, 2021, through June 28th, 2022. A non-probability (Purposive) sample was selected of 25 nurses who work at Alzahraa teaching hospital. The data was collected using a previously prepared questionnaire and official agreement to use the study questionnaire was obtained from the original author. Descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages, mean, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (contingency coefficient) were used in the data analysis.
Results: Findings declared by most of nurses that they have practice deficit about pediatric cannulation, especially at the first time of their work.  Participant 7 said that “even though we got knowledge about IV cannulation during our education journey in nursing college, but it is not enough to be proficient to perform this procedure as an expert.  We have limited knowledge and practices about performing procedures in pediatric patients who are different from adult patients”.
Conclusion: The study concluded that Several themes were emerged from nurses’ responses to the main research question “What are the barriers that confronting nurses' practices during insertion of intravenous cannula to children in emergency room?  The major themes were nurses’ related barriers; organization’s related barriers; patients’ related barriers; and opportunities and solutions for barriers.
Recommendations: Efforts from the ministry of Health in Iraq should be targeted toward supplying pediatric emergency nurses with all facilities that assist their work focusing on availability of IV viewer.

Nursing Faculty Members’ Perception Regarding Wearing Mask and Accepting Coronavirus Vaccines

Sameerah Mohammed Saeed; Mohammed Baqer Al-Jubouri

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 22-32
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176932

The COVID-19 pandemic is posing significant public-health issues. Broad adoption of preventative measures such as masking and vaccination is required to keep the pandemic under control. As nursing faculty play an important role in the future of nursing, their perception regarding wearing mask and taking vaccine can be crucial in preventive measures regarding COVID-19. The study aims to assess the perception of nursing faculty regarding wearing mask and coronavirus vaccines.  A descriptive correlational design was used to guide this study. A total of 76 nursing faculty members in six colleges of nursing at six different universities in Iraq were selected by convenience sampling.  Each faculty member received a questionnaire and consent form to be signed.   from February 1, 2022 to February 24, 2022. The sampling method was applied in this study using a non-probability purposive method. Data were collected from faculty using questionnaire distributed at the faculty member's offices consisted of demographic characteristics and 32 items about the Face Mask Perception Scale and 11 items about VAC-COVID-19 scale. The results indicated that the majority of faculty had a positive perception of wearing facial masks (n = 69; 90.8%). The results also revealed that the majority of faculty have somewhat sound perception of coronavirus vaccine (n = 67; 88.2%). In this study, we described nursing faculty members' perceptions of the mask use and coronavirus vaccines during COVID-19 pandemic. According to the findings, the organization of work of the faculty, and the efforts of them in this crisis are being very effective.

Association among Teenagers' Daily Type of Food, Sleep Pattern and Physical Exercise on Their Eating Disorders Behaviors

Baneen Jaleel Abd Al-ameer; Zaid W. Ajil Ajil

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 33-42
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176933

Background:  Health is a fundamental and active meaning in all people's habitual lives.  It is inspired via way of means of behavior, circumstances, attitudes, and beliefs in addition to social and bodily environment.  Industrialization, urbanization, monetary development, and marketplace inclusiveness have brought about a way of life alternative for the global population
Objectives: Find out the Association between Teenagers' daily type of food, sleep pattern, and physical exercise on their eating disorders behaviors
Methodology: A descriptive design study that uses comparative design was carried out throughout the present study. The study used Purposive sampling (Comparative Study).  The sample size was 500 students (male and female) from all secondary schools in Baghdad  at al-karkh sector
Results: There is a significant relationship between eating disorder behaviors and all the student's lifestyles, except with students' duration of physical exercise
Conclusions: There is no significant relationship between eating disorder behaviors and the duration of physical exercise, and there is a significant relationship between eating disorder behaviors with the type of food and sleep pattern
Recommendations: Educational programs should be designed to increase parents knowledge and teenagers’ awareness about etiology, types, signs and symptom, treatment of eating disorders and encouraging them to practice healthy eating behaviors by providing scientific booklet, publication and journal about eating disorders,

The Relationship Between Food Habits, Eating Behavior, and Nutritional Knowledge of High School Female Students and Their Demographic Attributes

Ola Ne’amah Abd-Ulzahrah; Aysen Kamal Mohammed Noori

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 43-47
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176944

Background: The importance of promoting a balanced diet and physical activity in children and adolescents cannot be overstated because the habits that develop during these years tend to persist throughout adulthood.
Objectives: The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between food habits, eating behavior, and nutritional knowledge of high school female students and their demographic attributes
Methodology: The descriptive correlational design, sometimes referred to as the simple correlational design, is a subtype of correlational study whose main goal is to analyze relationships between and among variables.
Results:The study results reveal that there is no statistically significant difference in their Self-Efficacy, barriers to change, nutritional knowledge, knowledge about food safety, and knowledge about food safety and behavior among the groups of grade.
Conclusion:Most do not eat breakfast.  Most have poor nutritional knowledge.  Most drink soft drinks (cola, orange, soda, iced tea, tonic water, etc.) between meals.  Most never practice physical activity.
Recommendations:There is a pressing for the community health nurses to collaborate with the directorates of education and schools’ administration to reactivate the physical activity lesson in the schools.

Assessment of Nurses' Knowledge and Practices Regarding Nursing Management for Patients on Hemodialysis at Kirkuk General Hospital / Iraq

ahmed amin mohammed; Younus Khdhur Baeez

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 48-58
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176945

Background: Hemodialysis is the most common method used to treat advanced chronic kidney failure, which considers the eighth cause of the top ten causes of death in Iraq with 4.1% of total death in 2020.
Objective: To assess nurses' knowledge and practices regarding nursing management for patients on hemodialysis at Kirkuk General Hospital / Iraq.
Methodology: A quantitative (descriptive and observational) design study was carried out at Kirkuk General from 7 February to 25 August 2022, A non-probability (purposive) sampling technique was utilized to collect data from 55 nurses who worked in the hemodialysis unit, and the data were collected through A questionnaire was designed and constructed by the researcher, Data analyzed using the statistical package of social science version 22.
Results: Most of the participants were 30-34 years old, female, and College graduates, 41.8% have more than 5 years of the experience dialysis unit, the results also showed no significant differences between the nurses’ knowledge and demographic characteristics of the nurses, while the result observed that strong relationship due to the significant level which was accounted at P
Conclusion: Most of the participants were of the female gender, of young ages, Nursing College graduates, about two third whose experience years in hospital increased than five years.
 Keywords: Assessment, Knowledge, Practice, Hemodialysis.

The Impact of Preoperative Education on Reducing Anxiety among Patients Undergoing Elective Surgery at Shahidan Qaladze Teaching Hospital in Kurdistan Region/Iraq

Aram Khdhir Ahmed; Nazar Ahmed Mahmood

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 59-68
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176947

Background: Preoperative anxiety is a common reaction experienced by patients who are admitted to the hospital for surgery. It can be described as an unpleasant state of tension or uneasiness that results from a patient's doubts or fears before an operation.
Aim: Examine the effect of an educational intervention for patients who are scheduled for a surgical operation on reducing their anxiety prior to the surgery.
Methods: This quasi-experimental/Static-group comparison design was used to on a purposive sample of 150 patients attending operation waiting room in Shahidan Qaladze Teaching Hospital from May 28 to July 27, 2022. Data were collected by direct interview. The patients were divided into two groups; the control and the educational group. 
Results: 150 participants were selectedpurposively, (75 control; 75 educational) group. Participants who received a preoperative education program experienced a greater decrease (30.906±6.959) in anxiety scores (Mean difference =14.146, 95% confidence interval 11.54 to 16.75; P-value < 0.001) compared with those who did not (45.053±9.043). More than half (65.3%) of the control group participants experienced severe preoperative anxiety while the majority (88%) of the intervention group who received the education program experienced mild anxiety as suggested by the S-STAI score.
Conclusions: The verbal education before surgery has a significant effect on reducing patients’ anxiety before they transfer to the operating room.

Assessment of Major Behavioral Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease among Patients Admitted to coronary care unit in Rania General Hospital

Shakhawan Ahmed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2023, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 69-78
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2023.176948

     Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) occurs when decreases or stops blood flow to the heart muscles. This is resulting from the gradual narrowing of coronary arteries and atherosclerosis. Tobacco use, abnormal lipid profile, obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, physical inactivity, emotional distress, high alcohol consumption and reduction in the consumption of fruit and vegetables are the predominant risks of cardiovascular diseases such as CHD.
      The study aims to assess the behavioral risk factors for coronary heart disease among patients admitted to the coronary care unit.
 This is to identify the major behavioral risk factors for coronary heart disease in patients who admitted to the coronary care unit and to determine whether there are any relations between modifiable risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics of the data.
     This descriptive study of quantitative method was carried out, with a non-probability (convenience) sample of (50) Adults diagnosed with coronary heart disease and admitted to the coronary care unit in Rania general hospital.
     In the study, physical inactivity and smoking are the most common behaviors that worsen CHD among participants. Moreover, smoking behavior is increasingly detected in males. This study therefore, recommends that further studies on this topic need to be conducted. Public awareness should be raised toward unhealthy behaviors, in particular physical inactivity and smoking