Volume 10, Issue 2, Summer and Autumn 2022, Page 146-300

Nutritional Habits of High School Students in Al-Nasiryia City

Sarah Habbas khudair Al- Al- zaidy; Wasna jumma Mohammed

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 146-152
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2022.174921

Objective(s): The purpose of this study is to ascertain high school students' nutritional habits.
Methodology: The design is carried out cross-sectionally. The study began on November 3rd, 2021 and will conclude on March 10th, 2022.  The study is being conducted in Al-Nasiryia City's male and female high schools. We select a random sample of (60) middle school students. All students who agreed to participate in the study signed a consent form. The study will use a self-report questionnaire that is divided into two sections: part I will examine the sociodemographic characteristics of high school students and part II will examine the nutritional habits of high school students. A pilot study is used to determine the content validity and internal consistency reliability. The study instrument is used to collect data. The descriptive statistical data analysis approach is used to analyze the data, while the inferential statistical data analysis approach is used to analyze the data.
Results show that the majority of the female and male students have fair dietary habits (75.0%).
Conclusion:  High school students' dietary habits are unaffected by sociodemographic characteristics, with explanations suggesting that dietary habits are not affected by their age. This finding underscores the fact that the dietary habits of these students cannot improve as they get older.

Recommendations:  It is recommended to provide the Ministry of Education with a booklet outlining the importance of adhering to a healthy diet for female intermediate school students.

Assessment of Old Age Nutritional Status at Home in Al-Diwaniyah City

Fatima Raheem Mohammad; hala s abdulwahid

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 153-159
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2022.174923

Background: The elderly's health is critical in determining a population's health status. Nutritional problems, as well as malnutrition as a result of insufficient food consumption, are among the most common disorders related with aging. Undiagnosed malnutrition can result in infections and death. The quality of life of the elderly, as well as their risk of morbidity and death, is influenced by nutrition.
Objective: Assess the old ages’ nutritional status at home in Al-Diwaniyah City.
Methodology: From September 20, 2021, to May 1, 2022, a cross-sectional study design utilizing the assessment approach is used to assess the nutritional status of the old ages at Home in AL-Diwaniyah City. The present study is conducted at Home at AL-Daghara District in Al-Diwaniyah City. Non-probability (convenient) sample approach was used to select a sample of (24) old age at Home. These old age are distributed with respect to their age as early old age of (65-74) year, middle age of (75-84) year and old-old age of (85 and more) year. Under the supervision of the supervisor and the panel of experts, the instrument was modified and implemented in a questionnaire form and used for data collection and measured the variable the nutritional status for old age.
Results: Findings demonstrated that the (66.7%) out of 24 participants from old age at home exhibited good nutritional status as described by higher mean scores 33.45 (±5.461).

Conclusion: Marital status (Old age who are widower significantly improved nutritional status because they live with their families). Education level (Old age who are high school graduated and above is significantly increased nutritional status). Monthly income (Old age who make more than 600 thousand dinars were significantly improved nutritional status). Occupation (Old age who are retired is significantly increased nutritional status). BMI (Old age who are ≥23 is significantly higher nutritional status).

Educational Program for Nurses about Pain-Related Management for Children with Burns Injuries

Najat kaittan lafta albazoni; Khatam Mohammed AL-Mosawi

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 160-168
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2022.174930

Pain management is a very important aspect of nursing care. However, due to a lack of overall understanding, it is not uncommon to see inadequate pain management by health workers. Therefore, the knowledge of nurses are important factors for the effective management of pain in children. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational program for nurses about pain-related management for children with burns injuries.  This study adopted a pretest–posttest I and II a pre - experimental design. The sample consisted of 30 participants. The reliability of the questionnaire was achieved through a pilot study and then presented to experts to prove its validity. The total number of items included in the questionnaire was 45-items for knowledge. The data was collected by using the self-report method; and analysed by applying a descriptive and inferential statistical data analysis approach. The results of the study indicated that the nurses expressed a good level of knowledge with regard pain management at the post-test period of measurement (M± SD= 4.27±0.720) after application of educational program as compared pre-test period of measurement (M± SD= 2.57± 0.568) were unsatisfactory knowledge. There were significant differences in nurse’s knowledge between pre-test and post-test I scores (P <0.05); and there were no significant differences in nurse’s knowledge between post-test I and post-test II (P > 0.05).  An educational training program is effective in improving nurses' knowledge about pain-related management for children with burns injuries. Findings from this study showed that after the training, nurses' knowledge toward pain management were enhanced and not affected by time. There is a need for burn training program that should be provided to nurses in order to improve their knowledge regarding burn management is recommended, and all nurses should be exposed to pain management training to equip them with necessary knowledge with which to provide better quality of nursing care in the health-care setting. Further research need to be under taken to involve national level and investigate the influencing factors of knowledge of pain management in paediatric hospitals.

The effect of age and gender on the severity of coronavirus infection

Bayda abdulrazaq Yahya; doha nidhal saad; shahad hazim ali

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 169-174
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2022.174938

Background: One of the most noticeable differences in infection patterns was the large disparity in death rates from the coronavirus between men and women , with the number of deaths among men twice the number of women in the United states and Europe , and it was most common among middle - aged people and older adults .
Objective: To identify the effect of age and gender on the severity of coronavirus infection with the corona virus.
Methods: A study was conducted on (260) patients infected with coronavirus (134) males and (126) females, their ages ranged between 15 to 75 years in a private  laboratory in the City of Mosul, in order to find out the effect of age and gender on the severity of infection with corona virus by measuring their biomarker (C- Reactive protein, Ferritin and D - dimer). The samples were divided based on the values of biomarker into two cases, the mild case and the severe case.
Results: The results showed that the age group (31-45) years is the most susceptible to infection compared to the rest of the age groups for both cases. The results also showed that the incidence of males in the mild case was higher than females and amounted to (51.42%), (48.57 %) respectively , and all values of vital indicators were recorded within the normal range , while in the severe case , it reached (51.65 %) for males , (48-32 % ) for females , and all values of vital indicators were higher than the normal range which increases age with for both sexes.
Conclusions and Recommendations: We conclude from this study that males were more susceptible to infection with the Coronavirus and its complications than women, and that the severity of infection increased with age. Therefore, we recommend and emphasize the adult category to receive vaccinations, reduce contact and take all necessary health and preventive measures to avoid infection and transmission. 


huda shallal jumaah Hamdaoui; Hala Abdulwahid Abdulwahid

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 175-179
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2022.174966

a descriptive study methodology was used. employed to evaluate the quality of primary healthcare concerning structure, process, and consumer satisfaction, involving (60) consumers and (10) main primary health care in Basra city for the period of October 15th, 2021 through May 1st, 2022. Non-probability “convenient” sample of (10) primary health care centers; A constructed questionnaire is composed of (71) items Structure (25) items, process (24) items, and the outcome (22) items were assessed by observation of available items and comparing them with a checklist of standards recommended by the Ministry of Health for PHC centers. The validity and reliability of the questionnaire are established through the use of a preliminary pilot study. Data Collection is an important part of every project. The information has been gathered through the use of a questionnaire and the interview technique. Analyze the data. Through the use of a descriptive statistical data analysis technique based on frequency, percentage, mean, range, and total scores, as well as an inferential statistical data analysis strategy based on correlation and regression analysis. Results: Findings of the study indicate that the primary health care most of the primary healthcare centers in Basra city have high quality the (70%) quality assurance related to the structure, the process (80%) of quality assurance related to services provided by the main primary healthcare centers, and the outcome (68.3%) of consumers were satisfied with primary health care services is no difference between the primary healthcare centers based on such quality 

Evaluation of High School Females Students’ Knowledge about Coronavirus Disease in Al-Diwanyia City

Sarra M. Agmoush; Aysin Noori Noori

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2022, Volume 10, Issue 2, Pages 180-185
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2022.174967

Objective(s): A descriptive design, using the evaluation approach, is employed to evaluate high school female students’ knowledge about coronavirus disease in Al-Diwanyia City from October10th 2021 to April 2nd 2022.
Methodology: A non-probability, purposive sample of (30) high school female student, is selected for the purpose of the study. All subjects have signed consent form to present their agreement for participation in the study. The confidentiality of the data is also safeguard and they will be securely maintained during and after conducting the study. A self-report questionnaire is constructed for the purpose of the study through review of related literature. The questionnaire is consisted of (2) main parts; the high school female students’ demographic characteristics and high school female students’ knowledge about coronavirus disease questionnaire. Content validity is determined for the study instrument through panel of experts and test-retest reliability is obtained for the study instrument in a pilot study. Data are gathered through the use of the study instrument as mean of data collection and analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical data analysis and inferential statistical data analysis approaches.
Results: The study results depict that all of the high school female students experience deficiencies relative to all aspects of their knowledge about coronavirus disease.
Conclusion: The study concludes that all high school female students have experienced lack of understanding and knowledge-oriented limitations about coronavirus disease.
Recommendations: The study recommends that an education program can be utilized as an educational mean for enhancing the high school female students’ knowledge about coronavirus disease and Further and a nation-wide research can be conducted with large sample size and wide-range scale of variables.