Knowledge and Coping Strategies among Diabetic Patients in AL-Wafa’a Centre in Mosul City
Mosul Journal of Nursing,
2017, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 83-86
AbstractBackground and aim: Diabetes mellitus is currently considered as one of the most invaders diseases. Diabetes self-care requires the patient to make many dietary and lifestyle changes. These changes called coping strategies. One of the biggest challenges for health care providers today is how to address the continued needs and demands of individuals with chronic illnesses like diabetes. The main aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and possible coping strategies that diabetic patients may have.
Materials and Method: A descriptive study was based in the present study. The data was collected from the patients who visit AL-Wafa’a Centre for Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Mosul Medical Centre from 1st Febrauary 2013 to 1st May 2013 using a structured questionnaire designed for this purpose. The sample utilized a systematic random sample to eliminate the ethical issues. A target number for the sample was 100 of patients with DM those visit AL-Wafa’a Centre for Diabetic Patients. A standard statistical package for social sciences (SPSS version 14) was used to analyze the collected data.
Results: The results show that there is a heavier distribution of respondents presented in the (46-65) age groups, representing (29 % and 36 %) of the total survey. The most of the participants were female presenting (66 %). Most of the participants have a good knowledge with DM.
Conclusions: The study concludes that diabetic patients have good knowledge about their disease, but they have less coping strategies in their awareness about daily checking their blood sugar and checking their eyesight periodically. In addition, the participants presented that there is an obvious psychological distress and low self-care which mean they have difficulty to cope with their disease.
Recommendations: Generally, this study suggests four coping skills can be taught and reinforced; these skills include social problem solving, communication skills training, including assertiveness training, cognitive behaviour modification, and conflict resolution. In addition, further studies are needed to deeply investigate the possible factors that may affect the coping strategies of patients with Diabetes Mellitus such as age and gender.
Alan J.; Alan J. Girling; Antony J. (2000). Cognitive dysfunction in older subjects with diabetes mellitus: impact on diabetes self-management and use of care services. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. Elsiveir. P.p. 203–212.
Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. (2011). National diabetes fact sheet: national estimates and general information on diabetes and pre-diabetes in the United States. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. David D.; Montgomery G.; Bovbierg D. (2006). Relations between coping responses and optimism-pessimism in predicting anticipatory psychological distress in surgical breast cancer patients. PubMed Central. 40(2). P.p. 203–213.
Fisher L.; Hessler DM.; Polonsky WH.; Mullan J. (2012). Depression, Distress, and Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 35 (2): 259-64. Glasgow RE.; Hiss RG.; Anderson RM.; Friedman NM.; Hayward RA.; Marrero DG.; Taylor CB.; and Vinicor F. (2001). Report of the health care delivery work group: behavioural research related to the establishment of a chronic disease model for diabetes care. Diabetes Care. 24 (1). P.p. 124-30. PubMed. Grey M.; Boland EA.; Davidson M.; Tamborlane WV. (1999). Coping skills training as adjunct for youth on intensive therapy. Apply Nursing Research. 12. P.p. 3-12. Margaret Grey. (2000). Coping and Diabetes. American Diabetes Association. 13 (3). P.p. 167.
Margaret M. Collins; Colin P. Bradley; Tony O'Sullivan; and Ivan J. Perry. (2009). Self-care coping strategies in people with diabetes: a qualitative exploratory study. University of California-USA. BioMed Central Ltd. Martha M.; Tammy L.; Belinda P.; Linda B.; Gwen M.; MS. Brian J. (2009). National Standards for Diabetes Self-Management Education. Diabetes Care. 32 (1). P.p. S87–S94. Snyder CR. (1999). Coping: The Psychology of What Works. Oxford, Oxford University Press. Steven E.; Thomas K. (2013). Evidence that periodontal treatment improves diabetes outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Period ontology. 40. P.p. S153-S163. Wagner EH.; Austin BT.; Davis C.; Hindmarsh M.; Schaefer J.; and Bonomi A. (2001). Improving chronic illness care: translating evidence into action. Health Affairs (Millwood). 20(6):64-78. PubMed
Williams GC.; Freedman ZR.; Deci EL. . (1998). Supporting autonomy to motivate patients with diabetes for glucose control. Diabetes Care. 21(10). P.p. 1644-51. PubMed
- Article View: 102
- PDF Download: 93