Assessment of Risk Factors For Patients With Thyroid Cancer in Mosul Teaching Hospitals
Mosul Journal of Nursing,
2014, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 26-32
AbstractBackground and Objectives: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine malignancy. Several risk
factors were found to play a role in thyroid cancer. The aim of the study was to identify risk factors for
thyroid cancer in Mosul city and to assess the relationship between some types of food and thyroid
Materials and Methods: The Non-experimental Quantitative design (a Case – Control approach) was
used in this study. The study was conducted at AL-Jamhori Teaching Hospital, Al-Salam Teaching
Hospital, and Nuclear Medicine and Oncology Hospital in Mosul city. The period from 18th. October,
2012 to 20th, August, 2013. A formal consent was taken from all participants (case group and control
group) in questionnaire . A non probability purposive sample was selected that consisted (172) clients
divided into two groups, a case group (86) clients with thyroid cancer and a control group (86) clients
without goiter and thyroid cancer.
Results: According to the age, the highest percentage was in the age group (50-59 years),constituted
(34%)for the case group. The majority of the case group are female who were accounted (78.0%) female
to male ratio 4:1. The incidence of differentiated thyroid carcinoma according to histopathology was
increased for women compared with men specially papillary thyroid carcinoma.
Conclusion: The statistical analysis shows that there are significant relationship in previous history for
goiter, family history for thyroid cancer, and exposure to radio active iodine items with respect to the risk
factors of thyroid cancer.
Keywords: Assessment, Risk Factors, Thyroid Cancer.
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