Effect Of Job Stress On Job Satisfaction Among Nursing Staff In Sulimani Mental Health Hospitals
AbstractBackground: Job stress is regarded as a harmful factor for both employees and organizations, which negatively affects the effectiveness of employees and efficiency of organizational performance.
Many of occupations are exposed to different types of stress in the work place environment. One of these occupations is nursing, which occupies essential role and vital parts of the effectiveness of health care system.
Objective: To investigate the relationship between the effect of job stress on job satisfaction for nurses.
Method: A descriptive study was conducted among nursing staff in mental health hospitals in Sulaimani. The process of the necessary data collection began from 25th May - 10th July 2016 and was obtained through self-report convenient sample of (75) nurses. They distributed in three hospitals Soz Mental Hospital, Shahid Salahi Muhandis Hospital and Mental Health Center / Teaching Hospital by using questionnaire were divided into three parts: First, socio-demographic characteristics consisted of eight items. Second, Expanded Nursing Stress Scale (ENSS). This consisted of (57) items ranged in nine sub scales. Third, Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS), which included 36 items in nine subscales. Descriptive data and inferential data were used for analysis. validity of the questionnaire was determined through panel of (11) experts in the different fields and work settings.
Results: The analysis of the data figured out that total average job stress among nursing staff at the mental hospitals was "Occasionally stressful- frequently stressful". The subscale death and dying from job stress took the highest level. Nursing staff had job satisfaction, subscale payment (salary) from job satisfaction took the lowest level. There were significant statistical relationships between level of job stress subscales and demographic characteristics except training course dimension. There was no statistical significant correlation between total ENSS and total JSS.
Conclusions: The death of the patients played an important role in perceiving job stress. The lack and delay in salary were a major factor of decreasing job satisfaction, although the level of job stress among nurses does not highly recorded. Also, most of the nurses were satisfied with their work.
Key words : Stress level , Job Satisfaction, Nursing Staff In Mental Health center
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