Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the awareness of osteoporosis among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at the Center for Endocrine and Diabetes in Al-Nasiriyah City and to identify the relationship between demographic factors such as age, sex, educational level residency, and osteoporosis.
Study Methodology: A descriptive study approach was used throughout the current investigation, which lasted from 20 October 2022 to 20 April 2023. Three hundred seventy-three patients were meticulously examined at the Center for Endocrine and Diabetes in Al-Nasiriyah City. It should be noted that the sampling method used was nonprobability. A self-reported questionnaire was used to acquire data for the administrative reporting procedure. The questionnaire consists of two parts: the parents' age, gender, education level, and place of residence, among other sociodemographic variables. In the second section of the survey, we ask. Older people with chronic diseases can have their understanding of osteoporosis tested with the Osteoporosis Knowledge Assessment Tool (OKAT). Twenty questions related to osteoporosis knowledge make up the quiz. The scale was tested in Arab nations, where it was found to have a validity index of 0.76 (Alpha). Using IBM's Social Science Statistical System (IBM SPSS) version 26.0, descriptive and inferential statistical methods were used for the data.
Results: The results showed that the highest sample, 88 (30.4 percent) for the study, was between the 51-60 age group. According to the gender revealed, most were women, accounting for 139 (50.9%). Most of the study sample had a secondary level of education, with 115 participants (42.1%) and inside city residents; overall evaluation of the osteoporosis knowledge assessment tool (OKAT) was a low level of knowledge. Results indicate no significance or relationship between demographic data and the evaluation among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus toward the osteoporosis knowledge assessment tool (OKAT) at a value of p. greater than 0.05.
Conclusions The overall evaluation of the osteoporosis knowledge assessment tool (OKAT) showed a low level of knowledge.
Recommendations: According to the research, people with type 2 diabetes who received health education had a favourable impact on their self-care and management practices regarding their understanding of osteoporosis..