Volume 5, Issue 1, Summer and Autumn 2017, Page 1-53

Assessment of Public and Private Schools Physical Environment Standardized Features in Babylon overnorate: Comparative Study

Naji Yasser Saadoon

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-12
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160038

Background and aim: creating a healthy school environment requires the involvement and participation of practically everyone in the school-students, administrators, teachers, school counselors, school nurses, nutrition services workers. The study aims to assess public and private schools physical environment standardized features in Babylon Governorate and to compare between public and private schools physical environment such features.
Materials and method: A descriptive study, using the assessment approach, is carried out from July 2016 to April 2017. Probability, simple random sample, of (44) school principal, science teacher, and physical sport teacher is selected from (34) primary schools in Babylon Governorate. A questionnaire, of (44) items, is constructed for the purpose of the present study. Data are collected through the use of the constructed questionnaire and the application of the structured interview technique as means of data collection. Data are analyzed through the application of the descriptive statistical data analysis approach of frequencies, percentage, mean, and standard deviation and the inferential statistical data analysis approach of t-test.
Results: The present study depicts that primary schools in Babylon Governorate experience deficiencies with respect to domains of the school environment standardized features, but private school have low deficiencies of such domains than public schools.
Conclusions: The study concludes that both public and private schools had major deficiencies identified in their environment standardized features. However, public schools have a much higher proportions of deficiencies and are in most urgent need of actions. Private schools are also in need of remediation of deficiencies.
Recommendations: The study recommends that further study with a large randomly selected sample of schools can be conducted to confirm the findings of this study and allow for greater generalizability. Advancement, in the measurement of standardized deficiencies, can take a place to advance the present study to the next level of rigor by eliminating redundant items and improving the reliability and validity of the questionnaire. Furthermore, evaluation of the improvement in deficiencies overtime using a longitudinal study design.
Keyword: Assessment, School Physical Environment, Standardized Features, Private
School, Public School.

Assessment of Workers Knowledge toward Healthy workplace Hazards at Kirkuk Carpet Factory

Marghoob Hussien Yaas

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 13-18
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160045

Background and aim: With an ever-increasing demand for a comfortable living in recent days, the number of industries like carpet and textile industries is on the increase. The increasing of this industry also brings an occupational hazards like dust and chemical hazards that effect on worker health as well as their family. The study aimed to assess the workers’ knowledge toward healthy workplace hazards at the Kirkuk Carpet Factory.
Materials and method: A descriptive (non-experimental) design was carried out through the period from 25th December 2016 through 15th May 2017 in order to assess the Workers Knowledge toward Healthy workplace Hazards at Kirkuk Carpet Factory.
A purposive (non-probability) sample is selected for the study, which includes (60) workers worked in the Kirkuk Carpet Factory. Assessment questionnaire consists of three parts that includes demographic characteristic; Dusts hazards and Chemical material Hazards domains, and the Data were gathered through the worker interviewed in the workplace. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical (frequencies and percentages) and inferential statistical (mean of score with SD±).
Results: The Overall results showed that most workforces were married women with low educational level and they have a significant knowledge and awareness of the workplace health hazards that related to dusts and chemical materials hazards that may be arise from the workers’ workplace.
Conclusion: The healthy wellness for workers of carpet factory reveals their knowledge of the work hazards such as dust and chemical hazards in the workplace by taking all protective measures and equipment’s that protect them from those hazards in order to maintain their health status.
Recommendations: A health educational programs and training should provide for all workers with regularly and periodically also collaboration and organization must be done between all related Ministries in order to prevent the hazards affected workers and workplace environment

A study of association between overweight and obesity with hypertension at Al Zahra hospital in Kut city

Sameeha Naser Abed; Rawaa Kamel Abd; Qassim J. oddaa

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 19-23
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160046

Background and aims: Hypertension is a chronic non-communicable disease. It has long been recognized as a contributing to a variety of adverse health consequences. The major factors responsible for hypertension are obesity where epidemiologic studies have revealed the correlation between body weight and the risk of hypertension. The study aims to identify any association between overweight and obesity with hypertension . In addition, to determine the association it with demographic characteristics of the study population
Materials and methods: A case control study design has been adopted upon 224 subjects (112 cases and 112 controls) attending Al Zahra hospital in Kut city during the period from 1st of July 2016 to end of September 2016. Required data were obtained by direct interview with hypertensive patients and normotensive subjects. Statistical analysis was done by using Minitab version 18.0.
Results: the percent of obesity was 37.50 % and overweight was 46.43% among cases. There was statistically significant association between obesity and hypertension (p<0.05). No statistical association of hypertension with demographic characteristics (p>0.05).
Conclusions: Hypertension tends to affect age groups between 45-75 years and prevalence in female is more than in males, also it is more prevalent in urban areas than among rural areas. A statistically significant association was proved for obesity and hypertension.
Recommendations: Encourage patients to change their lifestyle through decreasing their weight, adapting physical activity and following healthy eating habits. Activating the role of media in raising awareness about the problems of hypertension and obesity.

Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) of Voluntary Blood Donation among Nurses in Mosul Teaching Hospital

Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed; Ahmed Ali Hussein; Nasir Mufaq Youns

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 24-32
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160047

Background and aim : blood can save millions of lives. The requirement of blood and blood products in a country depends on the population, health care structure, prevalence of conditions requiring regular transfusions, such as hemophilia and thalassemia etc., availability of surgical centers using modern sophisticated techniques, and awareness amongst clinicians regarding the judicious use of blood. The study aimed to assess of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP) of Voluntary Blood Donation among nurses at the Mosul Teaching Hospital.
Materials and Method: Cross-sectional design was applied in this study that aimed to assessment of knowledge, Attitude, and practice of voluntary blood donation among nurses in Mosul Teaching Hospital. Random sample consists of (152) nurses (99 )Male , ( 53) Female , and the sample age range (median age) 18–60 (26.3±) years. Data were collected from first December 2013 extended from First February 2014.Data were collected from all Mosul Teaching Hospital (Ibn-Sena Teaching Hospital, AL-ZahraweeTeahing Hospital, AL-Salm Teaching Hospital,Ibn-AtherTeahing Hospital and Al-KhansaTeahing Hospital). An interview technique, method was used for data collection and data were analyzed as Frequency, percentage and Chi-Squire.
Results: The results of the study show that the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice(KAP) of Voluntary Blood Donation among nurses in Mosul Teaching Hospital is good knowledge toward blood donation (81.4%), positive attitude about (78.2%),but there were practices of blood donation correct (56.7%)
Conclusion: The study concluded that the Nurses in hospitals have good knowledge of voluntary donation and a positive attitude towards donation, but there were disparities in their practices of blood donation.
Recommendation: The study recommended there is an urgent need to create and strengthen programs for motivation, recruitment and retention of voluntary blood Donors in our country.

Prevalence of Mobile Phone Addiction among Students in Institute Technical of Kut

Sameeha Naser Abed; Rawaa Kamel Abd; Israa Dawood Salim; Nadia Abdul Razzaq Jamal

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 33-38
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160048

Background and aim: The mobile phones have considerably the new epidemic of this century .It is a two edge sword, it has both the positive and negative consequences. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of mobile phone addiction among students in institute technical of Kut, and also to determine significant demographic associations.
Materials and method: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was performed using a self-administered questionnaire on a sample of 380 randomly selected students. A survey was carried out in the 1st of April to the 1st of July 2017. Data analysis by using the Minitab, version 18.
Results: About 66% of the students were females. The overall prevalence of mobile phone addiction was 60% in studying students (35.37% among male and 64.63% among female), with large increases in both sexes aged less or equal twenty years (59.21%). There is no significant relationship between gender and demographic characteristics and there was no any significant relationship between demographic factors ) gender, residence, marital status, and employment status) with mobile phone addiction, while was a significant association between mobile phone addiction and age groups.
Conclusions: Overall female had more effects of mobile phone usage compared to male. Statistically significant difference was also observed for mobile phone addiction and age groups. There is a no significant relationship between demographic factors, gender, residence, marital status, and employment status with mobile phone use.
Recommendations: The recommendations of the present study are necessary to develop a mobile phone addiction preventive measure and controlling the mobile phone use. In addition to implementing effective education and intervention strategies such as behavior modification, the promotion of healthier free-time activities, and providing a healthy living environment around youths. Counseling programs are recommended for raising awareness of families concerning mobile phone use.

Measurement of Depressive Symptoms in Patients with Cancer in Nineveh Governorate

Yasir Netham Aldeen Majeed; Wa’ad Mohammed Rajab

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 39-43
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160049

Background and aim: Cancer is the second leading cause of death among adults. Patients with cancer suffer from different psychiatric and mental problems due to their disease. However, the aim of this study is to assess depressive symptoms in adult patients with cancer, according to the variables (gender, type of cancer and stage of cancer).
Materials and method: A descriptive study design was adopted in the present study. The subjects consist of (306) patients with cancer and age group between (19 more than 70) years. The data were collected from Nineveh Governorate, and carried out in oncology and nuclear medicine specialist and Ibn-Sina Teaching Hospital in Mosul, during a period from 5th December 2012 to 5th of April 2013. Both the scales International Beck Depression Inventory - Scale the scale strategies life events adopted it the study.
Results: The findings of the study indicated that there are significant statistical differences between depressive symptoms with regarding (age group, religion, educational levels, socioeconomic status, type of cancer, time since diagnosis and stage of cancer).
Recommendations: the study has recommended to encourage the patients with cancer, using strategies of confrontation and challenge, and based spiritual to reduce depressive symptoms for them.

The Effects of Night Shift Work on the Psychosocial Status of Nurses in Akre City Hospitals

Mohammed Haider Musa; Shevan Younis Othman; Zekri Mahmood Merza

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 44-48
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160050

Background and aim: Over the last several decades, there has been a rapid increase in the number of shift workers worldwide. In general, the shift has been divided into the day and night shifts. Nurses working the night shift have been found to experience physiological, social, and psychological problems. General-purpose of this study is to identify the effects of the night shift on nurses.
Materials and method: A descriptive study conducted on nurses working in Akre governmental hospitals to identify sources of the effects of night shift work on nurses. The study included (76) samples of nurses from the period 30th February to 2nd April 2016.
Results: The results of the study have shown that there are real problems in all areas; psychosocial problems come first in rank.
Conclusion: The study also revealed that there are significances between night shift work and variables of (sex, years of experience, married status).

Nurses’ Knowledge about Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation in Mosul City

Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed; Nasir Mufaq Youns; Ahmed Ali Hussein

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 49-53
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2017.160051

Background and Objectives: Resuscitation in hospitals and health care facilities, refers to prompt actions aimed to prevent death and providing the best possible chances for human survival. The study aims to assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to identify the relationship between nurses' knowledge about cardiopulmonary resuscitation and some demographic variables (age, gender, educational level, work place and years of experience).
Material and method: A descriptive study design was adapted to assess the knowledge of the nurses regarding CPR. The sample of the study consist of (122) nurses, (26) female, and (96) male who works in Iben-Sena and Al-Zahrawe teaching hospitals in Mosul City. The sample of the study was selected in the simple random method. Data were collected by using a questionnaire throughout an interview technique. The questionnaire consists of two parts, Part one consists of (5 items) includes some demographic data including age, gender, educational level, work place and previous experience. Part two consists of (23 items) include questions that assess the nurses' knowledge towards cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Data were analyzed and calculated by using SPSS program.
Results: The nurses' knowledge score regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation record low, (27.942%), and standard deviation (0.609).
Conclusion: The present study reveals that the nurses have poor knowledge regarding the CPR techniques and there are no significant difference between nurses' knowledge about cardio pulmonary resuscitation with demographic characteristics except work place and gender.