Volume 7, Issue 2, Summer and Autumn 2019, Page 1-100

Effect of cochlear implants in children on parental mental health in Mosul city

Ahmed Abdulla Aziz Alsamady

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 63-74
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.162876

Cochlear implant is one of the treatments for deafness.
child cochlear, purposive sample their children have (CI) from hearing and speech rehabilitation centers in Mosul city. During the period 10 January 2018  to 28 February 2019. The instrument depended in the study was a 28-GHQ self- administered technique. The GHQ-28 is divided into four categories: somatic symptoms, anxiety/insomnia, social dysfunction, and depression.
This questionnaire includes information about the operated child such as gender, age, date of birth, and also information about the parents, such as their age, job and family background
.Data were analyzed in several steps. First descriptive statistics, which include frequency
and percentages. The second step, which include inferential statistics Chi-Square test) ,the probability level depend in the present study  was p<0.05
the study concluded Mother and father were affected by psychological symptoms.
the study recommended Preparing a comprehensive extension program that is suitable for the size of the problem experienced by parents and families through psychological, social and financial support programs, participation of specialists and professionals, families of children with hearing. disabilities, and the development of suitable solutions for themdeveloping a child's language helps parents get rid of their anxiety, Provide advanced rehabilitation centers within the governorate and be more than a center rehabilitation and training of staff  working in the centers of rehabilitation,  Make the parents communicate fully with the manufacturers of the cochlear and make the center of the company in each province, providing the spare tools for planting Working on the opening of specialized centers for cochlear implantation to reduce cost.

Spatial and spatial analysis of the distribution of schools in the center of Nineveh province

shaymaa Riyadh alnime; Radhwan Hussein Ibrahim

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 75-92
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2018.162888

The study examined the statistical analysis of educational services in Mosul city. The importance of this study is that it dealt with most important aspect of the society in which the process of progress and prosperity of education. The study relied on analytical descriptive method in analyzing the data collected from the concerned authorities e.g. Nineveh Directorate of Education by using the SPSS and GPS maps for the purpose of providing a good image of the distribution of a better place that may help decision-makers to find appropriate steps to develop the educational services. The study found that the percentage of male schools did not reach the percentage of female schools. The study also found that the number of schools in the right side of Mosul city is not proportional to the percentage of students numbers, and the percentage of teachers numbers are not suitable with the number of pupils, in contrast with the schools in the left side, which all these ratios are almost appropriate with the reality. The study recommended the need for attention by the concerned authorities to study the trends of population growth by selecting the best locations for new schools and the need to create a database for each educational institution and presented on the web pages of all schools and directorates of education.

Knowledge, attitudes and practices for dialysis nursing staff regarding personal protection means from hospital acquired in Mousl hospital

Aayed ali Bny Uoda

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 92-99
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.163661

Background: This study intended to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding standard precautions concerning Hospital acquired protection (HAIs) among hemodialysis nurses in hemodialysis centers in Mosul
Methods: A descriptive study was carried out during the period from 18th  of February 2019until 14th of February 2019. A non – probability purposive sample consisting of 25 nurses.
Results: there were a total of 25 hemodialysis nurses in hemodialysis centers in Mosul. All agreed to participate in the study. Although72% of the nurses knew that their hands could be a source of infection associated with health care, only 36% of the nursing staff washed their hands before contacting another    used 92% by the nursing staff when contacting the patient in the dialysis unit and 40% of nursing staff also wore masks when contacting patient.
Gloves were actually used by 98% of the nurses. 46% of the nurses were usually wearing masks when contacting a patient. Books and journals were the main source of information about (HAI) among 52% of the nurses.
conclusions: The nurses' knowledge of healthcare-related illnesses did not fulfill this purpose because some of the nursing staff did not adhere to personal hygiene practices.
Recommendations: the necessary training programs for nurses in hemodialysis centers on the promotion of hygiene standards and optimal use of personal protection against hospital infection .
Keyword: Knowledge, attitude , practices , nursing staff, dialysis, hospital acquired, infections

The Relation Between Stress Level and Nutritional Status Among Primary School Pupils in Mosul City

bayda abdulrazzaq yahya; Tameem Thamir Mayouf

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 100-108
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.163811

Background and Aim : Stress is now considered a common problem in children, it has been liked with both increased  and decreased dietary intake. The study aimed to identify the relationship between stress level and nutritional status among primary school pupils in Mosul City.
Materials and Methods : A cross-sectional study has been designed for a sample of children consist of (200) pupils from the primary schools in Mosul City, aged (10-13) years old. The study has been conducted from 1st of January to 30th of April 2019. Data were collected through the interview of the children which included the height and weight measurement which done in the classroom and then the questionnaire about demographic characteristics, stress level and dietary  intake were distributed for them to be answered by the one of child's parents. The data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis that included frequency, percentage and Chi square .
Results : The study indicated that the 78.5% of the children were 10-12 years old, 44.5% of them from moderate economic status , also show there are significant relationship between stress level and increase of weight, costumed saturated oils, meat, carbohydrate, low fruit and low vegetable intake at P-value=0.05.
Conclusion : This study found consistent association between stress level and unhealthy dietary intake. Pupils with higher stress had higher consumption of fat and sugar which lead to obesity .
Recommendations : Pay attention to the child by the family and school, reduce the psychological stress, he has by addressing his social problems and enhancing his self-confidence .
Key words : Stress level , Nutritional status, Dietary intake, Obesity.

Effect Of Job Stress On Job Satisfaction Among Nursing Staff In Sulimani Mental Health Hospitals

Kamal Jummah Ameen; Saman Anwar Faraj

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 109-119
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.164132

Background: Job stress is regarded as a harmful factor for both employees and organizations, which negatively affects the effectiveness of employees and the efficiency of organizational performance.
Many occupations are exposed to different types of stress in the workplace environment. One of these occupations is nursing, which occupies essential roles and vital parts of the effectiveness of the health care system.
Objective: To investigate the relationship between the effect of job stress on job satisfaction for nurses.
Method: A descriptive study was conducted among nursing staff in mental health hospitals in Sulaimani. The process of the necessary data collection began from 25th May - 10th July 2016 and was obtained through a self-report convenient sample of (75) nurses. They distributed in three hospitals Soz Mental Hospital, Shahid Salahi Muhandis Hospital, and Mental Health Center / Teaching Hospital by using questionnaires were divided into three parts: First, socio-demographic characteristics consisted of eight items. Second, Expanded Nursing Stress Scale (ENSS). This consisted of (57) items ranged in nine subscales. Third, Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS), which included 36 items in nine subscales. Descriptive data and inferential data were used for analysis. the validity of the questionnaire was determined through a panel of (11) experts in the different fields and work settings.
Results: The analysis of the data figured out that total average job stress among nursing staff at the mental hospitals was "Occasionally stressful- frequently stressful". The subscale death and dying from job stress took the highest level. Nursing staff had job satisfaction, subscale payment (salary) from job satisfaction took the lowest level. There were significant statistical relationships between the level of job stress subscales and demographic characteristics except for the training course dimension. There was no statistically significant correlation between total ENSS and total JSS.
Conclusions: The death of the patients played an important role in perceiving job stress. The lack and delay in salary were a major factor in decreasing job satisfaction, although the level of job stress among nurses does not highly record. Also, most of the nurses were satisfied with their work.
Keywords: Stress level, Job Satisfaction, Nursing Staff In Mental Health center

Profile of patients with Multiple sclerosis in Mosul City

Mohammed Saleh Mohammed; Ali Neamat Sulaiman Alallaf

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 120-125
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2020.164352

Background: This study was carried out to assess the prevalence of MS in Mosul City.
Methods: A retrospective study was applied in Mosul City for the period between (2020-2000). MS patient’s outpatient of Ibn-Sina Teaching hospital in Mosul City. Assessment of MS status: for the assessment of MS status the Kurtzke EDSS was used. EDSS was based on ten scores (0-10) and categorized the MS severity into three-level; mild disability (EDSS, 0.0 to 3.5), moderate disability (EDSS, 4.0 to 6.5), and severe disability (EDSS, 7.0 to 9.5). Microsoft Excel file was used to analyzed the data, number, percentage, Mean and Standard deviation were computed to analyze all demographic and clinical variables. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Mosul Health Directorate, at Mosul City –Iraq.
Results: the study found that the mean age of patients (34.7) among men and (32.9) among women. The mean age at onset is (28.9) among men and 27.9 among women. In relation to family history, 89.8% of men and 93.9% of women don’t have a positive family history with MS. The majority of the patient have Relapsing-remitting.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the prevalence of MS has been steadily rising in Mosul city over the past few decades.

Evaluation of Efficiency of Silver Nanoparticles for the Diagnosis of Intestinal Parasites, Isolated from Displaced Children in Kirkuk Province-Iraq

Karwan Sallo Najm Al-Marjan; Honar Farhad Ahmed; Fouad H Kamel

Mosul Journal of Nursing, 2019, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 126-134
DOI: 10.33899/mjn.2019.174835

Background: In Kirkuk province, the number of internally displaced people has reached 370,000 with more expected as government forces and affiliated militias are targeting the Islamic state of Iraq and Syria-controlled district of Hawija in south-west Kirkuk. Laboratory-intensive way like microscopy still remain the mainstay of  some  diagnostic  laboratories and fast  diagnosis has always been a priority to find out  appropriate  treatment and   prevent fatalities also advances in diagnostics can assist prevent transmission and obtain active surveillance. 
Objectives: This work is toevaluation of diagnostic efficiency of silver nanoparticles in staining technique for the diagnosis of intestinal parasites, because the first step in controlling and treatment of parasites is to isolate and identify them. Therefore we have decided to know the intestinal parasites which infect children aged 1-10 years among displaced population in Kirkuk province.
Methodology: The present study include the using of synthesized silver nanoparticles, with sizes going from 16 nm to 47 nm for the diagnosis of intestinal parasites with the  exposure to ultraviolet (UV) or sun light. For this purpose a  total of  411  random stool samples were collected by using disposable  stool containers containing normal saline from children aged 1-10 years in  Laylan 1 and Laylan 2 camps located 19 Km  southeast  of  Kirkuk  province northern of Iraq, twice  in a week, during the period from  April  until the end of  June 2018. Results: The study presented the occurrence of two large groups of parasites,  protozoans and helminthes with high efficiency diagnosis due to use of silver nanoparticles during a staining technique,  included five (5)  protozoans belonging to following Classes: Sarcodina ( Entamoeba histolytica  2.18%  and Entamoeba coli 1.45%), Mastigophora ( Giardia lamblia 2.67% and Trichomonas hominis 1.70%) and Ciliophora ( Balantidium coli  0.72%); as well as four (4) parasitic Helminths belonging to  class Cestoda  (Hymenolepis nana 0.72%) , Trematoda (Faciolopsis buski 0.24%)  and   Nematoda (Ascaris lumbrecoides  1.21%and  Enterobius vermicularis 3.4%). Compression between stained with 2% Silver Nitrate and non stained samples were explained  in the present study by presentation of  a colored images.
Conclusion: prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection differ and make variation depending on the type of parasite groups and parasite species. The present estimation was within the range of    0.24% –   3.40%.  Also It can be concluded  that the using of silver nanoparticles in staining technique can be consider as a first attempt in the  intestinal parasitic diagnosis in Iraq with the high efficiency.