Volume 8, Issue 1, Winter 2020, Page 1-100
Mosul Journal of Nursing,
Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1-5
Background: This study was carried out to assess the prevalence of MS in Mosul City.
Methods: A retrospective study was applied in Mosul City for the period between (2020-2000). MS patient’s outpatient of Ibn-Sina Teaching hospital in Mosul City. Assessment of MS status: for the assessment of MS status the Kurtzke EDSS was used. EDSS was based on ten scores (0-10) and categorized the MS severity into three level; mild disability (EDSS, 0.0 to 3.5), moderate disability (EDSS, 4.0 to 6.5), and severe disability (EDSS, 7.0 to 9.5). Microsoft Excel file was used to analyzed the data, number, percentage, Mean and Standard deviation were computed analyze all demographic and clinical variables. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Mosul Health Directorate, at Mosul City –Iraq.
Results: the study found that the mean age of patients (34.7) among men and (32.9) among women. The mean age at onset is (28.9) among men and 27.9 among women. In relation to family history 89.8% of men and 93.9% of women don’t have positive family history with MS. The majority of patent have Relapsing- remitting.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the prevalence of MS has been steadily rising in the Mosul city over the past few decades.
Key words: profile, Multiple Sclerosis, Mosul
Mosul Journal of Nursing,
Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 6-17
Background: As inactive lifestyles and a tendency for having a more comfortable life rise in the Iraqi population, obesity prevalence has become a major public health concern particularly among children in the Kurdistan Region Iraq. Moreover, obesity can result in an enormous burden to the economy and public health. Conducting educational programs of physical activity and modifying nutrition patterns among primary school children can be a preventive strategy. The present study was aimed at identifying the obesity prevalence rate and its risk factors among primary school children in Erbil, the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
Patients and methods: In a cross-sectional descriptive study, 400 children who were 6 to 13 years old were selected from primary schools in Erbil and studied from 2017 to 2019. A researcher-designed questionnaire was employed to gather required socioeconomic and sociodemographic data. For this purpose, face-to-face interviews were carried out with the children’s parents. Moreover, the UNICEF calibrated digital scale was used to measure the children’s weight, a portable stadiometer for their height, and their height and weight for their body mass index. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 22) was used to analyze the collected data.
Results: It was seen that 26% of the students were obese. All age groups and grades had an almost equal prevalence of obesity. Obesity was more prevalent among those students who were males, had child ranking of 1st or 2nd, whose parents lived together, whose parental education was illiterate or primary, whose mother was retired, and whose father was retired. Having an obese mother or father, eating more than 3 main meals per day, physical inactivity, and low socioeconomic status was found to be effective factors in causing children’s obesity. There was a significant relationship between children’s daily physical activity and nutritional status (p=0.000).
Conclusion: Obesity prevalence was higher among inactive primary school children who had an obese mother or father, ate more than 3 main meals per day and had low socioeconomic status. Daily physical activity of children was directly associated with a decrease in obesity prevalence in children.
Keywords: childhood obesity, physical activity, primary school students, daily meals