The editorial process and peer-review workflow for each journal are taken care of by a team of Senior Editors and Editorial Advisory Board Members (EABMs) who have expertise in their specific fields. The services of Senior Editors and Editorial Advisory Board Members are sought through invitations to organize and conduct the peer-review of a submitted manuscript keeping the scope of the manuscript and the expertise of Editors in view. Manuscripts are forwarded for evaluation to Editors and EABMs as well as external reviewers to check if the research work presented in the manuscript:

(a) falls within the scope of the journal, and (b) meets the editorial criteria of Mosul Journal of Nursing in terms of originality and quality. Editors/EABMs may recommend the acceptance or rejection of a manuscript by conducting the peer-review themselves based on their own knowledge and experience, or they may take assistance and advice from other experts in the field. After review of the manuscript by at least two independent experts, in addition to the views of the Editor, the decision is relayed to the authors. The three types of decisions are categorized below:

• Accept without changes

• Revisions Required

• Reject

SELECTION OF REVIEWERS The Editor-in-Chief (EiC) and Senior Editors of a journal have the right to select reviewers for a particular manuscript considering the knowledge and experience of the reviewers. Before sending the manuscripts to a reviewer, Mosul Journal of Nursing seeks consent from potential reviewers about their availability and willingness for review. The correspondence between the editorial office of the journal and reviewers is kept confidential.

PURPOSE OF A REVIEW

A review report provides the Editor-in-Chief/Senior Editor with an expert opinion on the quality of the manuscript under consideration. It also supplies authors with explicit feedback on how to improve their papers to make them acceptable for publication in the journal. Although confidential comments to the editors are not relayed to authors, any remarks that may help improve the quality of the manuscript are forwarded to the authors for their consideration. A good review report answers the following important areas:

• Is the work novel and of high standards?

• What are the main findings of the paper? Is relevant work of other authors in the field appropriately acknowledged and references given to the previous literature?

• Do the experimental data support the declarations? If not, what other evidence may prove fruitful?

• What kind of readers would benefit from the manuscript and why?

• In what further directions would it be feasible to take the current research? IMPORTANT POINTS TO CONSIDER Reviewers are expected to provide advice on the following points in their review reports:

• Is the manuscript written comprehensively enough to be understandable? If not, how could it be improved?

• Have adequate proofs been provided for the declarations?

• Have the authors addressed the previous findings fairly?

• Does the paper offer enough details of its methodology to reproduce the experiments?

• Mosul Journal of Nursing encourages

authors to publish detailed protocols as supporting information online. Do any particular methods used in the manuscript warrant such a protocol?

PRIVACY STATEMENT

The peer-review of a manuscript is a confidential process. It is the responsibility of the reviewers to ensure confidentiality in this regard. They should consult the EiC/Senior Editor and obtain permission before consulting another colleague for help in the peer-review of the submitted manuscript. Reviewers should not disclose any information whatsoever to anyone before publication of the manuscript. Reviewers should not disclose any information whatsoever to anyone before publication of the manuscript.

PROMPT REVIEW

The reviewers should provide their reports in a timely fashion, since a prompt review leads to the timely publication of a manuscript. This is beneficial not only for the authors but for the scientific community as well. Reviewers should not disclose any information whatsoever to anyone before publication of the manuscript. Reviewers should not disclose any information whatsoever to anyone before publication of the manuscript.

CHANGES IN REVIEW REPORTS

The Editorial staff relays the comments of the reviewers on behalf of the Editor-in-Chief/Handling Editor. The review reports are edited by the Editor-in-Chief/Handling Editor if the comments contain confidential information or these are written in a language not suitable for scholarly communication. Reviewers should include such comments in the confidential section of the review form, which is intended to be read by the editors only.

CONFLICT OF INTEREST

Mosul Journal of Nursing respects requests not to have the manuscripts peer-reviewed by those experts who may have competing interests with the author(s) of a submitted manuscript. It is not possible for Editors to be aware of all competing interests; we therefore expect that reviewers would inform the Editor-in-Chief/Handling Editor if they notice any potential competing interest during the course of review of a manuscript. Moreover, the reviewers are expected to inform the Editors or editorial office of the journal if they have a